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The impact of gender variance on adolescents’ wellbeing : does the school context matter?

(2020) JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY. 67(1). p.1-34
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Abstract
Schools are often heteronormative environments, negatively influencing the wellbeing of LGB students. Less is known about the impact on gender-variant adolescents. Hence, this study investigates the wellbeing of gender-variant students-as evidenced by their gender (a)typicality and pressure for gender conformity- in different school cultures-as evidenced by the level of traditional gender role attitudes and homonegativity. We examine these context-dependent associations in a sample of 4987 Flemish students, who were questioned three times in 2012-2014. Multilevel regression analyses show that both gender-typical and atypical adolescents feel worse in heteronormative than inclusive schools. Furthermore, the social acceptance of boys seems to be more conditional on gender-conformity in heteronormative than inclusive schools. Overall, inclusive schools ensure higher wellbeing for all students (regardless of sex or gender variance), and student-teacher relationships seem central in explaining these school differences. Implications for school policy as well as research considering heteronormativity and gender-variance are discussed.
Keywords
Heteronormativity, school culture, wellbeing, gender typicality, pressure for gender conformity, early adolescence, student–teacher relationships, SEXUAL MINORITY, PROTECTIVE FACTORS, TRANSGENDER YOUTH, SOCIAL SUPPORT, GAY, STUDENTS, CLIMATE, VICTIMIZATION, ASSOCIATION, ATTITUDES

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Citation

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MLA
Vantieghem, Wendelien, and Mieke Van Houtte. “The Impact of Gender Variance on Adolescents’ Wellbeing : Does the School Context Matter?” JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, vol. 67, no. 1, 2020, pp. 1–34.
APA
Vantieghem, W., & Van Houtte, M. (2020). The impact of gender variance on adolescents’ wellbeing : does the school context matter? JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, 67(1), 1–34.
Chicago author-date
Vantieghem, Wendelien, and Mieke Van Houtte. 2020. “The Impact of Gender Variance on Adolescents’ Wellbeing : Does the School Context Matter?” JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY 67 (1): 1–34.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vantieghem, Wendelien, and Mieke Van Houtte. 2020. “The Impact of Gender Variance on Adolescents’ Wellbeing : Does the School Context Matter?” JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY 67 (1): 1–34.
Vancouver
1.
Vantieghem W, Van Houtte M. The impact of gender variance on adolescents’ wellbeing : does the school context matter? JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY. 2020;67(1):1–34.
IEEE
[1]
W. Vantieghem and M. Van Houtte, “The impact of gender variance on adolescents’ wellbeing : does the school context matter?,” JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 1–34, 2020.
@article{8583599,
  abstract     = {Schools are often heteronormative environments, negatively influencing the wellbeing of LGB students. Less is known about the impact on gender-variant adolescents. Hence, this study investigates the wellbeing of gender-variant students-as evidenced by their gender (a)typicality and pressure for gender conformity- in different school cultures-as evidenced by the level of traditional gender role attitudes and homonegativity. We examine these context-dependent associations in a sample of 4987 Flemish students, who were questioned three times in 2012-2014. Multilevel regression analyses show that both gender-typical and atypical adolescents feel worse in heteronormative than inclusive schools. Furthermore, the social acceptance of boys seems to be more conditional on gender-conformity in heteronormative than inclusive schools. Overall, inclusive schools ensure higher wellbeing for all students (regardless of sex or gender variance), and student-teacher relationships seem central in explaining these school differences. Implications for school policy as well as research considering heteronormativity and gender-variance are discussed.},
  author       = {Vantieghem, Wendelien and Van Houtte, Mieke},
  issn         = {0091-8369},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY},
  keywords     = {Heteronormativity,school culture,wellbeing,gender typicality,pressure for gender conformity,early adolescence,student–teacher relationships,SEXUAL MINORITY,PROTECTIVE FACTORS,TRANSGENDER YOUTH,SOCIAL SUPPORT,GAY,STUDENTS,CLIMATE,VICTIMIZATION,ASSOCIATION,ATTITUDES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {1--34},
  title        = {The impact of gender variance on adolescents’ wellbeing : does the school context matter?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2018.1522813},
  volume       = {67},
  year         = {2020},
}

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