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Radio galaxies in zFourGE/NMBS : no difference in the properties of massive galaxies with and without radio-AGN out to z=2.25

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Abstract
In order to reproduce the high-mass end of the galaxy mass distribution, some process must be responsible for the suppression of star formation in the most massive of galaxies. Commonly active galactic nuclei (AGN) are invoked to fulfil this role, but the exact means by which they do so is still the topic of much debate, with studies finding evidence for both the suppression and enhancement of star formation in AGN hosts. Using the ZFOURGE (FourStar Galaxy Evolution) and NMBS(Newfirm Medium Band Survey) galaxy surveys, we investigate the host galaxy properties of a mass-limited (M >= 10(10.5)M(circle dot)), high-luminosity (L-1.4 > 10(24) W Hz(-1)) sample of radio-loud AGN to a redshift of z = 2.25. In contrast to low-redshift studies, which associate radio-AGN activity with quiescent hosts, we find that the majority of z > 1.5 radio-AGN are hosted by star-forming galaxies. Indeed, the stellar populations of radio-AGN are found to evolve with redshift in a manner that is consistent with the non-AGN mass-similar galaxy population. Interestingly, we find that the radio-AGN fraction is constant across a redshift range of 0.25 = z < 2.25, perhaps indicating that the radio-AGN duty cycle has little dependence on redshift or galaxy type. We do however see a strong relation between the radio-AGN fraction and stellar mass, with radio-AGN becoming rare below similar to 10(10.5)M(circle dot) or a halo mass of 10(12)M(circle dot). This halo-mass threshold is in good agreement with simulations that initiate radio-AGN feedback at this mass limit. Despite this, we find that radio-AGN host star formation rates are consistent with the non-AGN mass-similar galaxy sample, suggesting that while radio-AGN are in the right place to suppress star formation in massive galaxies they are not necessarily responsible for doing so.
Keywords
ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI, DEEP FIELD-SOUTH, STAR-FORMATION HISTORIES, MEDIUM-BAND SURVEY, SIMILAR-TO 3, QUIESCENT GALAXIES, STELLAR, POPULATIONS, ELLIPTIC GALAXIES, HIGH-REDSHIFT, BLACK-HOLES, galaxies: active, galaxies: evolution, galaxies: high-redshift, galaxies: stellar content, infrared: galaxies, radio continuum: galaxies

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Chicago
Rees, GA, LR Spitler, RP Norris, MJ Cowley, C Papovich, K Glazebrook, RF Quadri, et al. 2016. “Radio Galaxies in zFourGE/NMBS : No Difference in the Properties of Massive Galaxies with and Without radio-AGN Out to Z=2.25.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 455 (3): 2731–2744.
APA
Rees, G., Spitler, L., Norris, R., Cowley, M., Papovich, C., Glazebrook, K., Quadri, R., et al. (2016). Radio galaxies in zFourGE/NMBS : no difference in the properties of massive galaxies with and without radio-AGN out to z=2.25. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 455(3), 2731–2744.
Vancouver
1.
Rees G, Spitler L, Norris R, Cowley M, Papovich C, Glazebrook K, et al. Radio galaxies in zFourGE/NMBS : no difference in the properties of massive galaxies with and without radio-AGN out to z=2.25. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY. 2016;455(3):2731–44.
MLA
Rees, GA, LR Spitler, RP Norris, et al. “Radio Galaxies in zFourGE/NMBS : No Difference in the Properties of Massive Galaxies with and Without radio-AGN Out to Z=2.25.” MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 455.3 (2016): 2731–2744. Print.
@article{8582616,
  abstract     = {In order to reproduce the high-mass end of the galaxy mass distribution, some process must be responsible for the suppression of star formation in the most massive of galaxies. Commonly active galactic nuclei (AGN) are invoked to fulfil this role, but the exact means by which they do so is still the topic of much debate, with studies finding evidence for both the suppression and enhancement of star formation in AGN hosts. Using the ZFOURGE (FourStar Galaxy Evolution) and NMBS(Newfirm Medium Band Survey) galaxy surveys, we investigate the host galaxy properties of a mass-limited (M >= 10(10.5)M(circle dot)), high-luminosity (L-1.4 > 10(24) W Hz(-1)) sample of radio-loud AGN to a redshift of z = 2.25. In contrast to low-redshift studies, which associate radio-AGN activity with quiescent hosts, we find that the majority of z > 1.5 radio-AGN are hosted by star-forming galaxies. Indeed, the stellar populations of radio-AGN are found to evolve with redshift in a manner that is consistent with the non-AGN mass-similar galaxy population. Interestingly, we find that the radio-AGN fraction is constant across a redshift range of 0.25 = z < 2.25, perhaps indicating that the radio-AGN duty cycle has little dependence on redshift or galaxy type. We do however see a strong relation between the radio-AGN fraction and stellar mass, with radio-AGN becoming rare below similar to 10(10.5)M(circle dot) or a halo mass of 10(12)M(circle dot). This halo-mass threshold is in good agreement with simulations that initiate radio-AGN feedback at this mass limit. Despite this, we find that radio-AGN host star formation rates are consistent with the non-AGN mass-similar galaxy sample, suggesting that while radio-AGN are in the right place to suppress star formation in massive galaxies they are not necessarily responsible for doing so.},
  author       = {Rees, GA and Spitler, LR and Norris, RP and Cowley, MJ and Papovich, C and Glazebrook, K and Quadri, RF and Straatman, Caroline and Allen, R and Kacprzak, GG and Labbe, I and Nanayakkara, T and Tomczak, AR and Tran, K-V},
  issn         = {0035-8711},
  journal      = {MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY},
  keywords     = {ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI,DEEP FIELD-SOUTH,STAR-FORMATION HISTORIES,MEDIUM-BAND SURVEY,SIMILAR-TO 3,QUIESCENT GALAXIES,STELLAR,POPULATIONS,ELLIPTIC GALAXIES,HIGH-REDSHIFT,BLACK-HOLES,galaxies: active,galaxies: evolution,galaxies: high-redshift,galaxies: stellar content,infrared: galaxies,radio continuum: galaxies},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {2731--2744},
  title        = {Radio galaxies in zFourGE/NMBS : no difference in the properties of massive galaxies with and without radio-AGN out to z=2.25},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv2468},
  volume       = {455},
  year         = {2016},
}

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