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Interoceptive awareness in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Roeljan Wiersema (UGent) and Elke Godefroid (UGent)
(2018) PLOS ONE. 13(10).
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Abstract
ADHD is considered a disorder of self-regulation. Recent research has shown that awareness of bodily states, referred to as interoceptive awareness, crucially contributes to self-regulatory processes. Impaired self-regulation in ADHD has been explained in terms of arousal regulation deficits in ADHD (the state regulation deficit (SRD) account). There is now ample support for the SRD account, however the exact reason for arousal regulation difficulties is not yet known. The SRD account explicitly refers to the ability to monitor one's momentary bodily state as a prerequisite for effective state regulation. However, surprisingly, no study to date has tested the ability to become aware of bodily signals, i.e. interoceptive awareness, in ADHD. In the current study, we therefore compared interoceptive awareness between 24 adults with ADHD and 23 controls by means of both an objective (heartbeat perception task) and subjective measure (questionnaire) of interoceptive awareness. Results revealed a strikingly similar performance for both groups on both measures, suggesting preserved interoceptive awareness in adult ADHD.
Keywords
DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, STATE-REGULATION, DECISION-MAKING, NEURAL ACTIVITY, ADULT ADHD, EVENT RATE, STRESS, SENSITIVITY, PERFORMANCE, DEPRESSION

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Wiersema, Roeljan, and Elke Godefroid. 2018. “Interoceptive Awareness in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.” Plos One 13 (10).
APA
Wiersema, R., & Godefroid, E. (2018). Interoceptive awareness in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. PLOS ONE, 13(10).
Vancouver
1.
Wiersema R, Godefroid E. Interoceptive awareness in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. PLOS ONE. San francisco: Public Library Science; 2018;13(10).
MLA
Wiersema, Roeljan, and Elke Godefroid. “Interoceptive Awareness in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.” PLOS ONE 13.10 (2018): n. pag. Print.
@article{8581991,
  abstract     = {ADHD is considered a disorder of self-regulation. Recent research has shown that awareness of bodily states, referred to as interoceptive awareness, crucially contributes to self-regulatory processes. Impaired self-regulation in ADHD has been explained in terms of arousal regulation deficits in ADHD (the state regulation deficit (SRD) account). There is now ample support for the SRD account, however the exact reason for arousal regulation difficulties is not yet known. The SRD account explicitly refers to the ability to monitor one's momentary bodily state as a prerequisite for effective state regulation. However, surprisingly, no study to date has tested the ability to become aware of bodily signals, i.e. interoceptive awareness, in ADHD. In the current study, we therefore compared interoceptive awareness between 24 adults with ADHD and 23 controls by means of both an objective (heartbeat perception task) and subjective measure (questionnaire) of interoceptive awareness. Results revealed a strikingly similar performance for both groups on both measures, suggesting preserved interoceptive awareness in adult ADHD.},
  articleno    = {e0205221},
  author       = {Wiersema, Roeljan and Godefroid, Elke},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  keywords     = {DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER,STATE-REGULATION,DECISION-MAKING,NEURAL ACTIVITY,ADULT ADHD,EVENT RATE,STRESS,SENSITIVITY,PERFORMANCE,DEPRESSION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {13},
  publisher    = {Public Library Science},
  title        = {Interoceptive awareness in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205221},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2018},
}

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