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Teaching children and parents to understand dog signaling

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Abstract
Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs' signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs' distress signaling gestures. All participants were then taught how to link their perception of the dog with the correct interpretation of dogs' behavioral signals and tested again. Results show a significant increase in learning for children and adults, with them showing greater understanding of dogs' signaling after intervention. Better learning effects were found with increasing age and depended on the type of distress signaling of the dogs. Effects endured over time and it can be concluded that children and adults can be taught to interpret dogs' distress signaling more correctly. Awareness and recognition of dogs' stress signaling can be seen as an important first step in understanding the dog's perspective and are vital to enable safe interactions.
Keywords
children, adults, dog body language, dog bite prevention, safety intervention, ANIMAL-ASSISTED THERAPY, BITE INJURIES, CANIS-FAMILIARIS, FACIAL EXPRESSIONS, PREVENTION, BEHAVIOR, VICTIMS, COMMUNICATION, EPIDEMIOLOGY, INTERVENTION

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Citation

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MLA
Meints, Kerstin, Victoria Brelsford, and Tiny De Keuster. “Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling.” FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE 5 (2018): n. pag. Print.
APA
Meints, K., Brelsford, V., & De Keuster, T. (2018). Teaching children and parents to understand dog signaling. FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE, 5.
Chicago author-date
Meints, Kerstin, Victoria Brelsford, and Tiny De Keuster. 2018. “Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling.” Frontiers in Veterinary Science 5.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Meints, Kerstin, Victoria Brelsford, and Tiny De Keuster. 2018. “Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling.” Frontiers in Veterinary Science 5.
Vancouver
1.
Meints K, Brelsford V, De Keuster T. Teaching children and parents to understand dog signaling. FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE. 2018;5.
IEEE
[1]
K. Meints, V. Brelsford, and T. De Keuster, “Teaching children and parents to understand dog signaling,” FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE, vol. 5, 2018.
@article{8581710,
  abstract     = {Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs' signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs' distress signaling gestures. All participants were then taught how to link their perception of the dog with the correct interpretation of dogs' behavioral signals and tested again. Results show a significant increase in learning for children and adults, with them showing greater understanding of dogs' signaling after intervention. Better learning effects were found with increasing age and depended on the type of distress signaling of the dogs. Effects endured over time and it can be concluded that children and adults can be taught to interpret dogs' distress signaling more correctly. Awareness and recognition of dogs' stress signaling can be seen as an important first step in understanding the dog's perspective and are vital to enable safe interactions.},
  articleno    = {257},
  author       = {Meints, Kerstin and Brelsford, Victoria and De Keuster, Tiny},
  issn         = {2297-1769},
  journal      = {FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE},
  keywords     = {children,adults,dog body language,dog bite prevention,safety intervention,ANIMAL-ASSISTED THERAPY,BITE INJURIES,CANIS-FAMILIARIS,FACIAL EXPRESSIONS,PREVENTION,BEHAVIOR,VICTIMS,COMMUNICATION,EPIDEMIOLOGY,INTERVENTION},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {14},
  title        = {Teaching children and parents to understand dog signaling},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2018.00257},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2018},
}

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