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The effects of aerobic exercise on eGFR, blood pressure and VO2 peak in patients with chronic kidney disease stages 3-4 : a systematic review and meta-analysis

(2018) PLOS ONE. 13(9).
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Abstract
Background : CKD is associated with several comorbidities, cardiovascular disease being the most significant. Aerobic training has a beneficial effect on cardiovascular health in healthy and some well-defined non-healthy populations. However, the effect of aerobic training on glomerular filtration rate in patients with CKD stages 3-4 is unclear. Objective : To review the effects of aerobic exercise training on kidney and cardiovascular function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3-4. Methods : A random-effects meta-analysis was performed to analyse published randomized controlled trials through February 2018 on the effect of aerobic training on estimated glomerular filtration rate, blood pressure and exercise tolerance in patients with CKD stages 3-4. Web of Science, PubMed and Embase databases were searched for eligible studies. Results : 11 randomized controlled trials were selected including 362 participants in total. Favourable effects were observed on estimated glomerular filtration rate (+2.16 ml/min per 1.73 m(2); [0.18; 4.13]) and exercise tolerance (+2.39 ml/kg/min; [0.99; 3.79]) following an on average 35-week aerobic training program when compared to standard care. No difference in change in blood pressure was found. Conclusions : There is a small beneficial effect of aerobic training on estimated glomerular filtration rate and exercise tolerance, but not on blood pressure, in patients with CKD stages 3-4. However, data are limited and pooled findings were rated as of low to moderate quality.
Keywords
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, GLOMERULAR-FILTRATION-RATE, CHRONIC, HEART-FAILURE, VASCULAR FUNCTION, OXIDATIVE STRESS, RENAL-DISEASE, CKD, OUTCOMES, RESPONSES, CAPACITY

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Chicago
Vanden Wyngaert, Karsten, Amaryllis H Van Craenenbroeck, Wim Van Biesen, Annemieke Dhondt, Anouk Tanghe, Ans Van Ginckel, Bert Celie, and Patrick Calders. 2018. “The Effects of Aerobic Exercise on eGFR, Blood Pressure and VO2 Peak in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 3-4 : a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.” Plos One 13 (9).
APA
Vanden Wyngaert, K., Van Craenenbroeck, A. H., Van Biesen, W., Dhondt, A., Tanghe, A., Van Ginckel, A., Celie, B., et al. (2018). The effects of aerobic exercise on eGFR, blood pressure and VO2 peak in patients with chronic kidney disease stages 3-4 : a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLOS ONE, 13(9).
Vancouver
1.
Vanden Wyngaert K, Van Craenenbroeck AH, Van Biesen W, Dhondt A, Tanghe A, Van Ginckel A, et al. The effects of aerobic exercise on eGFR, blood pressure and VO2 peak in patients with chronic kidney disease stages 3-4 : a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLOS ONE. 2018;13(9).
MLA
Vanden Wyngaert, Karsten, Amaryllis H Van Craenenbroeck, Wim Van Biesen, et al. “The Effects of Aerobic Exercise on eGFR, Blood Pressure and VO2 Peak in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 3-4 : a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.” PLOS ONE 13.9 (2018): n. pag. Print.
@article{8581438,
  abstract     = {Background : CKD is associated with several comorbidities, cardiovascular disease being the most significant. Aerobic training has a beneficial effect on cardiovascular health in healthy and some well-defined non-healthy populations. However, the effect of aerobic training on glomerular filtration rate in patients with CKD stages 3-4 is unclear. 
Objective : To review the effects of aerobic exercise training on kidney and cardiovascular function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3-4. 
Methods : A random-effects meta-analysis was performed to analyse published randomized controlled trials through February 2018 on the effect of aerobic training on estimated glomerular filtration rate, blood pressure and exercise tolerance in patients with CKD stages 3-4. Web of Science, PubMed and Embase databases were searched for eligible studies. 
Results : 11 randomized controlled trials were selected including 362 participants in total. Favourable effects were observed on estimated glomerular filtration rate (+2.16 ml/min per 1.73 m(2); [0.18; 4.13]) and exercise tolerance (+2.39 ml/kg/min; [0.99; 3.79]) following an on average 35-week aerobic training program when compared to standard care. No difference in change in blood pressure was found. 
Conclusions : There is a small beneficial effect of aerobic training on estimated glomerular filtration rate and exercise tolerance, but not on blood pressure, in patients with CKD stages 3-4. However, data are limited and pooled findings were rated as of low to moderate quality.},
  articleno    = {e0203662},
  author       = {Vanden Wyngaert, Karsten and Van Craenenbroeck, Amaryllis H and Van Biesen, Wim and Dhondt, Annemieke and Tanghe, Anouk and Van Ginckel, Ans and Celie, Bert and Calders, Patrick},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {19},
  title        = {The effects of aerobic exercise on eGFR, blood pressure and VO2 peak in patients with chronic kidney disease stages 3-4 : a systematic review and meta-analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0203662},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2018},
}

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