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Local elites' extraversion and repositioning : continuities and changes in Congo's mineral production networks

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Abstract
This article calls for a historical and spatial approach to studying the role of local elites in mineral production networks, paying attention to how they operate across scales and how they navigate structural constraints over time. Using empirical data from different mines in the Democratic Republic of Congo, it conceptualizes local elites as those who access and control (exclude others from) the factors of production (land, labour and capital). It argues they are able to do so because they operate across scales (extraversion) and adapt to changes in the political economy (repositioning). The article highlights their role as labour mediators, (land/mineral) rent appropriators, capital accumulators and illuminates how coercion and redistribution may work together to achieve control.
Keywords
Mining, Local elites, Extraversion, Access control, Democratic Republic of Congo, GLOBAL PRODUCTION NETWORKS, EASTERN, POWER

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MLA
Geenen, Sara, and Jeroen Cuvelier. “Local Elites’ Extraversion and Repositioning : Continuities and Changes in Congo’s Mineral Production Networks.” EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES AND SOCIETY-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, edited by Gavin Hilson, vol. 6, no. 2, 2019, pp. 390–98.
APA
Geenen, S., & Cuvelier, J. (2019). Local elites’ extraversion and repositioning : continuities and changes in Congo’s mineral production networks. EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES AND SOCIETY-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, 6(2), 390–398.
Chicago author-date
Geenen, Sara, and Jeroen Cuvelier. 2019. “Local Elites’ Extraversion and Repositioning : Continuities and Changes in Congo’s Mineral Production Networks.” Edited by Gavin Hilson. EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES AND SOCIETY-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL 6 (2): 390–98.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Geenen, Sara, and Jeroen Cuvelier. 2019. “Local Elites’ Extraversion and Repositioning : Continuities and Changes in Congo’s Mineral Production Networks.” Ed by. Gavin Hilson. EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES AND SOCIETY-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL 6 (2): 390–398.
Vancouver
1.
Geenen S, Cuvelier J. Local elites’ extraversion and repositioning : continuities and changes in Congo’s mineral production networks. Hilson G, editor. EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES AND SOCIETY-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL. 2019;6(2):390–8.
IEEE
[1]
S. Geenen and J. Cuvelier, “Local elites’ extraversion and repositioning : continuities and changes in Congo’s mineral production networks,” EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES AND SOCIETY-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 390–398, 2019.
@article{8581262,
  abstract     = {This article calls for a historical and spatial approach to studying the role of local elites in mineral production networks, paying attention to how they operate across scales and how they navigate structural constraints over time. Using empirical data from different mines in the Democratic Republic of Congo, it conceptualizes local elites as those who access and control (exclude others from) the factors of production (land, labour and capital). It argues they are able to do so because they operate across scales (extraversion) and adapt to changes in the political economy (repositioning). The article highlights their role as labour mediators, (land/mineral) rent appropriators, capital accumulators and illuminates how coercion and redistribution may work together to achieve control.},
  author       = {Geenen, Sara and Cuvelier, Jeroen},
  editor       = {Hilson, Gavin},
  issn         = {2214-790X},
  journal      = {EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES AND SOCIETY-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL},
  keywords     = {Mining,Local elites,Extraversion,Access control,Democratic Republic of Congo,GLOBAL PRODUCTION NETWORKS,EASTERN,POWER},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {390--398},
  title        = {Local elites' extraversion and repositioning : continuities and changes in Congo's mineral production networks},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exis.2018.10.013},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2019},
}

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