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Modeling the effects of grade retention in high school

Bart Cockx (UGent) , Matteo Picchio (UGent) and Stijn Baert (UGent)
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Abstract
A dynamic discrete-choice model is set up to estimate the effects of grade retention in high school, both in the short run (end-of-year evaluation) and in the long run (drop-out and delay). In contrast to other evaluation approaches, this model captures essential treatment heterogeneity and controls for grade-varying unobservable determinants. In addition, forced track downgrading is considered as an alternative remedial measure. Our results indicate that grade retention has a neutral effect on academic achievement in the short run. In the long run, grade retention, just like forced downgrading, has adverse effects on schooling outcomes and, more so, for less able pupils.
Keywords
education, grade retention, track mobility, dynamic discrete choice models, heterogeneous treatment effects, ACHIEVEMENT, IDENTIFICATION, TRACKING, QUALITY

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Cockx, Bart, et al. “Modeling the Effects of Grade Retention in High School.” JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECONOMETRICS, vol. 34, no. 3, 2019, pp. 403–24.
APA
Cockx, B., Picchio, M., & Baert, S. (2019). Modeling the effects of grade retention in high school. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECONOMETRICS, 34(3), 403–424.
Chicago author-date
Cockx, Bart, Matteo Picchio, and Stijn Baert. 2019. “Modeling the Effects of Grade Retention in High School.” JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECONOMETRICS 34 (3): 403–24.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Cockx, Bart, Matteo Picchio, and Stijn Baert. 2019. “Modeling the Effects of Grade Retention in High School.” JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECONOMETRICS 34 (3): 403–424.
Vancouver
1.
Cockx B, Picchio M, Baert S. Modeling the effects of grade retention in high school. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECONOMETRICS. 2019;34(3):403–24.
IEEE
[1]
B. Cockx, M. Picchio, and S. Baert, “Modeling the effects of grade retention in high school,” JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECONOMETRICS, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 403–424, 2019.
@article{8581245,
  abstract     = {A dynamic discrete-choice model is set up to estimate the effects of grade retention in high school, both in the short run (end-of-year evaluation) and in the long run (drop-out and delay). In contrast to other evaluation approaches, this model captures essential treatment heterogeneity and controls for grade-varying unobservable determinants. In addition, forced track downgrading is considered as an alternative remedial measure. Our results indicate that grade retention has a neutral effect on academic achievement in the short run. In the long run, grade retention, just like forced downgrading, has adverse effects on schooling outcomes and, more so, for less able pupils.},
  author       = {Cockx, Bart and Picchio, Matteo and Baert, Stijn},
  issn         = {0883-7252},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECONOMETRICS},
  keywords     = {education,grade retention,track mobility,dynamic discrete choice models,heterogeneous treatment effects,ACHIEVEMENT,IDENTIFICATION,TRACKING,QUALITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {403--424},
  title        = {Modeling the effects of grade retention in high school},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jae.2670},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2019},
}

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