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Unemployment or overeducation : which is a worse signal to employers?

Stijn Baert (UGent) and Dieter Verhaest (UGent)
(2019) ECONOMIST-NETHERLANDS. 167(1). p.1-21
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Abstract
This study estimates the stigma effect of unemployment and overeducation within one framework. We conduct a randomised field experiment in which we send out trios of fictitious job applications, from male candidates with no relevant work experience, to real vacancies. One candidate graduated just a few months before the application, the two others graduated a year earlier and had been unemployed or underemployed since that time. By monitoring the subsequent callback, we find evidence of a larger stigma effect of unemployment than overeducation. The stigma effect of overeducation is found to occur for permanent contract jobs but not for temporary ones.
Keywords
unemployment signalling, overeducation signalling, transitions in youth, LABOR-MARKET, FIELD EXPERIMENTS, FIRING COSTS, JOB SEARCH, DISCRIMINATION, DURATION, STIGMA, OVERQUALIFICATION, NONEMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Baert, Stijn, and Dieter Verhaest. “Unemployment or Overeducation : Which Is a Worse Signal to Employers?” ECONOMIST-NETHERLANDS, vol. 167, no. 1, 2019, pp. 1–21.
APA
Baert, S., & Verhaest, D. (2019). Unemployment or overeducation : which is a worse signal to employers? ECONOMIST-NETHERLANDS, 167(1), 1–21.
Chicago author-date
Baert, Stijn, and Dieter Verhaest. 2019. “Unemployment or Overeducation : Which Is a Worse Signal to Employers?” ECONOMIST-NETHERLANDS 167 (1): 1–21.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Baert, Stijn, and Dieter Verhaest. 2019. “Unemployment or Overeducation : Which Is a Worse Signal to Employers?” ECONOMIST-NETHERLANDS 167 (1): 1–21.
Vancouver
1.
Baert S, Verhaest D. Unemployment or overeducation : which is a worse signal to employers? ECONOMIST-NETHERLANDS. 2019;167(1):1–21.
IEEE
[1]
S. Baert and D. Verhaest, “Unemployment or overeducation : which is a worse signal to employers?,” ECONOMIST-NETHERLANDS, vol. 167, no. 1, pp. 1–21, 2019.
@article{8581105,
  abstract     = {This study estimates the stigma effect of unemployment and overeducation within one framework. We conduct a randomised field experiment in which we send out trios of fictitious job applications, from male candidates with no relevant work experience, to real vacancies. One candidate graduated just a few months before the application, the two others graduated a year earlier and had been unemployed or underemployed since that time. By monitoring the subsequent callback, we find evidence of a larger stigma effect of unemployment than overeducation. The stigma effect of overeducation is found to occur for permanent contract jobs but not for temporary ones.},
  author       = {Baert, Stijn and Verhaest, Dieter},
  issn         = {0013-063X},
  journal      = {ECONOMIST-NETHERLANDS},
  keywords     = {unemployment signalling,overeducation signalling,transitions in youth,LABOR-MARKET,FIELD EXPERIMENTS,FIRING COSTS,JOB SEARCH,DISCRIMINATION,DURATION,STIGMA,OVERQUALIFICATION,NONEMPLOYMENT,EDUCATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {1--21},
  title        = {Unemployment or overeducation : which is a worse signal to employers?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10645-018-9330-2},
  volume       = {167},
  year         = {2019},
}

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