Advanced search

Clinical outcome after 8 to 10 years of immediately restored single implants placed in extraction sockets and healed ridges

Stefanie Raes (UGent) , Jan Cosyn (UGent) , Anabel Noyelle, Filiep Raes (UGent) and Hugo De Bruyn (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
Recent systematic reviews point to the scarcity of single implants followed up longer than 5 years, and the incidence of biologic/technical complications is underreported. This prospective follow-up study documents 8-to 10-year clinical outcomes of immediately restored single implants in extraction sockets (immediate implant treatment [IIT]) and healed bone (conventional implant treatment [CIT]). Patients received a single, chemically modified, moderately rough titanium implant and a provisional crown on the day of surgery in the anterior maxilla (second premolar to second premolar). Provisional crowns were replaced by permanent crowns after 10 weeks. Implant survival, complications, crestal bone changes, plaque score, probing depth, and bleeding on probing were regularly recorded up to 10 years of followup. Of 16 patients who underwent IIT, 11 could be evaluated after 8 years. Of the 23 patients who received an implant in healed bone, 18 were finally evaluated. One implant failed in the IIT group at 12 weeks; all implants survived in the CIT group; 38% of the patients experienced at least one complication; 10% had one or more biologic complications, whereas 31% experienced one or more technical complications. There were no significant changes in crestal bone level from 1 to >= 8 years of follow-up for either group or between IIT and CIT at any time point (P >= .129). Only 6.9% (2 of 29) implants demonstrated progressive bone loss > 2 mm combined with pockets >= 6 mm. Immediately restored single implants in extraction sockets and healed ridges demonstrate good long-term outcomes in terms of implant survival, crestal bone loss, and peri-implant health. However, biologic and especially technical complications are common.
Keywords
LEAST 5 YEARS, FOLLOW-UP, ANTERIOR MAXILLA, TOOTH IMPLANTS, AESTHETIC ZONE, ALVEOLAR RIDGES, DENTAL IMPLANTS, SOFT-TISSUE, COMPLICATION RATES, BONE LEVEL

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Raes, Stefanie, Jan Cosyn, Anabel Noyelle, Filiep Raes, and Hugo De Bruyn. 2018. “Clinical Outcome After 8 to 10 Years of Immediately Restored Single Implants Placed in Extraction Sockets and Healed Ridges.” International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry 38 (3): 337–345.
APA
Raes, Stefanie, Cosyn, J., Noyelle, A., Raes, F., & De Bruyn, H. (2018). Clinical outcome after 8 to 10 years of immediately restored single implants placed in extraction sockets and healed ridges. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PERIODONTICS & RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY, 38(3), 337–345.
Vancouver
1.
Raes S, Cosyn J, Noyelle A, Raes F, De Bruyn H. Clinical outcome after 8 to 10 years of immediately restored single implants placed in extraction sockets and healed ridges. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PERIODONTICS & RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY. 2018;38(3):337–45.
MLA
Raes, Stefanie, Jan Cosyn, Anabel Noyelle, et al. “Clinical Outcome After 8 to 10 Years of Immediately Restored Single Implants Placed in Extraction Sockets and Healed Ridges.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PERIODONTICS & RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY 38.3 (2018): 337–345. Print.
@article{8581020,
  abstract     = {Recent systematic reviews point to the scarcity of single implants followed up longer than 5 years, and the incidence of biologic/technical complications is underreported. This prospective follow-up study documents 8-to 10-year clinical outcomes of immediately restored single implants in extraction sockets (immediate implant treatment [IIT]) and healed bone (conventional implant treatment [CIT]). Patients received a single, chemically modified, moderately rough titanium implant and a provisional crown on the day of surgery in the anterior maxilla (second premolar to second premolar). Provisional crowns were replaced by permanent crowns after 10 weeks. Implant survival, complications, crestal bone changes, plaque score, probing depth, and bleeding on probing were regularly recorded up to 10 years of followup. Of 16 patients who underwent IIT, 11 could be evaluated after 8 years. Of the 23 patients who received an implant in healed bone, 18 were finally evaluated. One implant failed in the IIT group at 12 weeks; all implants survived in the CIT group; 38\% of the patients experienced at least one complication; 10\% had one or more biologic complications, whereas 31\% experienced one or more technical complications. There were no significant changes in crestal bone level from 1 to {\textrangle}= 8 years of follow-up for either group or between IIT and CIT at any time point (P {\textrangle}= .129). Only 6.9\% (2 of 29) implants demonstrated progressive bone loss {\textrangle} 2 mm combined with pockets {\textrangle}= 6 mm. Immediately restored single implants in extraction sockets and healed ridges demonstrate good long-term outcomes in terms of implant survival, crestal bone loss, and peri-implant health. However, biologic and especially technical complications are common.},
  author       = {Raes, Stefanie and Cosyn, Jan and Noyelle, Anabel and Raes, Filiep and De Bruyn, Hugo},
  issn         = {0198-7569},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PERIODONTICS \& RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY},
  keyword      = {LEAST 5 YEARS,FOLLOW-UP,ANTERIOR MAXILLA,TOOTH IMPLANTS,AESTHETIC ZONE,ALVEOLAR RIDGES,DENTAL IMPLANTS,SOFT-TISSUE,COMPLICATION RATES,BONE LEVEL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {337--345},
  title        = {Clinical outcome after 8 to 10 years of immediately restored single implants placed in extraction sockets and healed ridges},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.11607/prd.3478},
  volume       = {38},
  year         = {2018},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: