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The influence of noise, vibration, cycle paths, and period of day on stress experienced by cyclists

(2018) SUSTAINABILITY. 10(7).
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Abstract
Urban and transport planners need to assess the stressful conditions experienced by cyclists, considering that highly stressful situations can discourage people from cycling as a transport mode. Therefore, this study has two objectives: (1) to present a method for monitoring stress and other environmental factors along cycling routes using smart sensors; and (2) to analyze the influence of noise, vibration, presence of cycle paths, and the period of the day on stress experienced by cyclists. Data were collected in the city of Sao Carlos, Brazil, using stress and noise sensors, accelerometers, and Global Positioning System (GPS). Primarily, heat maps generated from the data made it possible to identify critical points of stress along the routes. In addition, the results of a logistic regression model were analyzed to identify the influence of the studied variables on stress. Although high levels of noise increased the odds of experiencing stress by 4%, very uncomfortable vibrations increased the odds by 14%, and the presence of cycle paths reduced the odds by 8%, an analysis of p-values and odds ratio confidence intervals shows, with a 95% confidence level, that only the period of the day influenced stress, as confirmed by the data. In this case, the odds of having stress increased by 24% in the afternoon rush hour compared to the morning rush hour.
Keywords
ROAD TRAFFIC NOISE, BICYCLE, CITY, PERCEPTIONS, LEVEL, INFORMATION, ANNOYANCE, ROUGHNESS, EMOTIONS, COMFORT, Stress, cycling infrastructure, noise, vibration, logit model, smart, sensors, skin conductance level

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Citation

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MLA
Mahecha Nunez, Javier Yesid, Inaian Pignatti Teixeira, Antonio Nelson Rodrigues da Silva, et al. “The Influence of Noise, Vibration, Cycle Paths, and Period of Day on Stress Experienced by Cyclists.” SUSTAINABILITY 10.7 (2018): n. pag. Print.
APA
Mahecha Nunez, J. Y., Teixeira, I. P., Rodrigues da Silva, A. N., Zeile, P., Dekoninck, L., & Botteldooren, D. (2018). The influence of noise, vibration, cycle paths, and period of day on stress experienced by cyclists. SUSTAINABILITY, 10(7).
Chicago author-date
Mahecha Nunez, Javier Yesid, Inaian Pignatti Teixeira, Antonio Nelson Rodrigues da Silva, Peter Zeile, Luc Dekoninck, and Dick Botteldooren. 2018. “The Influence of Noise, Vibration, Cycle Paths, and Period of Day on Stress Experienced by Cyclists.” Sustainability 10 (7).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Mahecha Nunez, Javier Yesid, Inaian Pignatti Teixeira, Antonio Nelson Rodrigues da Silva, Peter Zeile, Luc Dekoninck, and Dick Botteldooren. 2018. “The Influence of Noise, Vibration, Cycle Paths, and Period of Day on Stress Experienced by Cyclists.” Sustainability 10 (7).
Vancouver
1.
Mahecha Nunez JY, Teixeira IP, Rodrigues da Silva AN, Zeile P, Dekoninck L, Botteldooren D. The influence of noise, vibration, cycle paths, and period of day on stress experienced by cyclists. SUSTAINABILITY. 2018;10(7).
IEEE
[1]
J. Y. Mahecha Nunez, I. P. Teixeira, A. N. Rodrigues da Silva, P. Zeile, L. Dekoninck, and D. Botteldooren, “The influence of noise, vibration, cycle paths, and period of day on stress experienced by cyclists,” SUSTAINABILITY, vol. 10, no. 7, 2018.
@article{8578889,
  abstract     = {Urban and transport planners need to assess the stressful conditions experienced by cyclists, considering that highly stressful situations can discourage people from cycling as a transport mode. Therefore, this study has two objectives: (1) to present a method for monitoring stress and other environmental factors along cycling routes using smart sensors; and (2) to analyze the influence of noise, vibration, presence of cycle paths, and the period of the day on stress experienced by cyclists. Data were collected in the city of Sao Carlos, Brazil, using stress and noise sensors, accelerometers, and Global Positioning System (GPS). Primarily, heat maps generated from the data made it possible to identify critical points of stress along the routes. In addition, the results of a logistic regression model were analyzed to identify the influence of the studied variables on stress. Although high levels of noise increased the odds of experiencing stress by 4%, very uncomfortable vibrations increased the odds by 14%, and the presence of cycle paths reduced the odds by 8%, an analysis of p-values and odds ratio confidence intervals shows, with a 95% confidence level, that only the period of the day influenced stress, as confirmed by the data. In this case, the odds of having stress increased by 24% in the afternoon rush hour compared to the morning rush hour.},
  articleno    = {2379},
  author       = {Mahecha Nunez, Javier Yesid and Teixeira, Inaian Pignatti and Rodrigues da Silva, Antonio Nelson and Zeile, Peter and Dekoninck, Luc and Botteldooren, Dick},
  issn         = {2071-1050},
  journal      = {SUSTAINABILITY},
  keywords     = {ROAD TRAFFIC NOISE,BICYCLE,CITY,PERCEPTIONS,LEVEL,INFORMATION,ANNOYANCE,ROUGHNESS,EMOTIONS,COMFORT,Stress,cycling infrastructure,noise,vibration,logit model,smart,sensors,skin conductance level},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {14},
  title        = {The influence of noise, vibration, cycle paths, and period of day on stress experienced by cyclists},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su10072379},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2018},
}

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