Advanced search
1 file | 3.70 MB

Plant cell wall sugars : sweeteners for a bio-based economy

(2018) PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM. 164(1). p.27-44
Author
Organization
Abstract
Global warming and the consequent climate change is one of the major environmental challenges we are facing today. The driving force behind the rise in temperature is our fossil-based economy, which releases massive amounts of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. In order to reduce greenhouse gas emission, we need to scale down our dependency on fossil resources, implying that we need other sources for energy and chemicals to feed our economy. Here, plants have an important role to play; by means of photosynthesis, plants capture solar energy to split water and fix carbon derived from atmospheric carbon dioxide. A significant fraction of the fixed carbon ends up as polysaccharides in the plant cell wall. Fermentable sugars derived from cell wall polysaccharides form an ideal carbon source for the production of bio-platform molecules. However, a major limiting factor in the use of plant biomass as feedstock for the bio-based economy is the complexity of the plant cell wall and its recalcitrance towards deconstruction. To facilitate the release of fermentable sugars during downstream biomass processing, the composition and structure of the cell wall can be engineered. Different strategies to reduce cell wall recalcitrance will be described in this review. The ultimate goal is to obtain a tailor-made biomass, derived from plants with a cell wall optimized for particular industrial or agricultural applications, without affecting plant growth and development.
Keywords
CAFFEOYL-SHIKIMATE-ESTERASE, CARBOHYDRATE-BINDING MODULE, LIGNIN, BIOSYNTHESIS, ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA, DOWN-REGULATION, IMPROVES, SACCHARIFICATION, HETEROLOGOUS EXPRESSION, LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS, GENE-EXPRESSION, ENHANCE SACCHARIFICATION

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 3.70 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Van de Wouwer, Dorien, Wout Boerjan, and Bartel Vanholme. 2018. “Plant Cell Wall Sugars : Sweeteners for a Bio-based Economy.” Physiologia Plantarum 164 (1): 27–44.
APA
Van de Wouwer, D., Boerjan, W., & Vanholme, B. (2018). Plant cell wall sugars : sweeteners for a bio-based economy. PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM, 164(1), 27–44.
Vancouver
1.
Van de Wouwer D, Boerjan W, Vanholme B. Plant cell wall sugars : sweeteners for a bio-based economy. PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM. 2018;164(1):27–44.
MLA
Van de Wouwer, Dorien, Wout Boerjan, and Bartel Vanholme. “Plant Cell Wall Sugars : Sweeteners for a Bio-based Economy.” PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM 164.1 (2018): 27–44. Print.
@article{8577910,
  abstract     = {Global warming and the consequent climate change is one of the major environmental challenges we are facing today. The driving force behind the rise in temperature is our fossil-based economy, which releases massive amounts of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. In order to reduce greenhouse gas emission, we need to scale down our dependency on fossil resources, implying that we need other sources for energy and chemicals to feed our economy. Here, plants have an important role to play; by means of photosynthesis, plants capture solar energy to split water and fix carbon derived from atmospheric carbon dioxide. A significant fraction of the fixed carbon ends up as polysaccharides in the plant cell wall. Fermentable sugars derived from cell wall polysaccharides form an ideal carbon source for the production of bio-platform molecules. However, a major limiting factor in the use of plant biomass as feedstock for the bio-based economy is the complexity of the plant cell wall and its recalcitrance towards deconstruction. To facilitate the release of fermentable sugars during downstream biomass processing, the composition and structure of the cell wall can be engineered. Different strategies to reduce cell wall recalcitrance will be described in this review. The ultimate goal is to obtain a tailor-made biomass, derived from plants with a cell wall optimized for particular industrial or agricultural applications, without affecting plant growth and development.},
  author       = {Van de Wouwer, Dorien and Boerjan, Wout and Vanholme, Bartel},
  issn         = {0031-9317},
  journal      = {PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {27--44},
  title        = {Plant cell wall sugars : sweeteners for a bio-based economy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ppl.12705},
  volume       = {164},
  year         = {2018},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: