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The Bluetooth Mesh Standard: An Overview and Experimental Evaluation

Mathias Baert (UGent) , Jen Rossey (UGent) , Adnan Shahid (UGent) and Jeroen Hoebeke (UGent)
(2018) SENSORS. 18(8). p.1-24
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Abstract
Mesh networks enable a many-to-many relation between nodes, which means that each node in the network can communicate with every other node using multi-hop communication and path diversity. As it enables the fast roll-out of sensor and actuator networks, it is an important aspect within the Internet of Things (IoT). Utilizing Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) as an underlying technology to implement such mesh networks has gained a lot of interest in recent years. The result was a variety of BLE meshing solutions that were not interoperable because of the lack of a common standard. This has changed recently with the advent of the Bluetooth Mesh standard. However, a detailed overview of how this standard operates, performs and how it tackles other issues concerning BLE mesh networking is missing. Therefore, this paper investigates this new technology thoroughly and evaluates its performance by means of three approaches, namely an experimental evaluation, a statistical approach and a graph-based simulation model, which can be used as the basis for future research. Apart from showing that consistent results are achieved by means of all three approaches, we also identify possible drawbacks and open issues that need to be dealt with.
Keywords
LOW-ENERGY, BLE, Bluetooth Mesh, round-trip-time, IoT, scalability, performance, interoperability

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Baert, Mathias, Jen Rossey, Adnan Shahid, and Jeroen Hoebeke. 2018. “The Bluetooth Mesh Standard: An Overview and Experimental Evaluation.” Sensors 18 (8): 1–24.
APA
Baert, M., Rossey, J., Shahid, A., & Hoebeke, J. (2018). The Bluetooth Mesh Standard: An Overview and Experimental Evaluation. SENSORS, 18(8), 1–24.
Vancouver
1.
Baert M, Rossey J, Shahid A, Hoebeke J. The Bluetooth Mesh Standard: An Overview and Experimental Evaluation. SENSORS. Basel: Mdpi; 2018;18(8):1–24.
MLA
Baert, Mathias, Jen Rossey, Adnan Shahid, et al. “The Bluetooth Mesh Standard: An Overview and Experimental Evaluation.” SENSORS 18.8 (2018): 1–24. Print.
@article{8577604,
  abstract     = {Mesh networks enable a many-to-many relation between nodes, which means that each node in the network can communicate with every other node using multi-hop communication and path diversity. As it enables the fast roll-out of sensor and actuator networks, it is an important aspect within the Internet of Things (IoT). Utilizing Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) as an underlying technology to implement such mesh networks has gained a lot of interest in recent years. The result was a variety of BLE meshing solutions that were not interoperable because of the lack of a common standard. This has changed recently with the advent of the Bluetooth Mesh standard. However, a detailed overview of how this standard operates, performs and how it tackles other issues concerning BLE mesh networking is missing. Therefore, this paper investigates this new technology thoroughly and evaluates its performance by means of three approaches, namely an experimental evaluation, a statistical approach and a graph-based simulation model, which can be used as the basis for future research. Apart from showing that consistent results are achieved by means of all three approaches, we also identify possible drawbacks and open issues that need to be dealt with.},
  articleno    = {2409},
  author       = {Baert, Mathias and Rossey, Jen and Shahid, Adnan and Hoebeke, Jeroen},
  issn         = {1424-8220},
  journal      = {SENSORS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {2409:1--2409:24},
  publisher    = {Mdpi},
  title        = {The Bluetooth Mesh Standard: An Overview and Experimental Evaluation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s18082409},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2018},
}

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