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Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Dutch version of the Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ-VL)

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Abstract
Purpose: The Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ) was developed to evaluate work functioning in vocational rehabilitation, but was not yet available in Dutch. The goal of this study is twofold: a description of the cross-cultural adaptation process (part 1) of the WORQ to be used in Flanders (The Dutch speaking part of Belgium, WORQ-VL) and a presentation of the first psychometric testing of the WORQ-VL (part 2). Methods: For part 1, the guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures by Beaton et al. were used to structure the cross-cultural adaptation. For part 2, a cross-sectional study was conducted in patients with musculoskeletal disorders [sample A: hand and wrist rehabilitation (n = 21) and sample B: fibromyalgia patients (n = 93)] who completed the WORQ-VL. Internal consistency and factor structure were examined in the total sample, whereas convergent and discriminant validity of the WORQ-VL were researched in sample A. Results: First results on the convergent validity and discriminant validity (small sample size) and internal consistency of the WORQ-VL are promising. The exploratory factor analysis revealed seven factors which were labeled as 'cognition', 'physical', 'mood', 'activities of daily living', 'sensory', 'emotional' and 'social'. The best evidence was found for the 'physical' subscale of the WORQ-VL: strong correlations were found with the 'physical functioning' and 'role limitations-physical' subscales of the Short-Form Health Survey, respectively r = -.84 and r = -.59, p < .01. As expected, predominantly weak correlations were found with hand grip strength, kinesiophobia, hand-related aesthetics and satisfaction (ranging between r = -.38 and r = .34, p > .05). Conclusions: The WORQ-VL is a user-friendly and valuable ICF-based self-report questionnaire to evaluate work functioning. Future studies are highly needed to examine the value of the WORQ within different patient populations and settings in order to examine further the added value of this self-report measure.
Keywords
Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire, WORQ, Psychometrics, Vocational rehabilitation, Return to work, TEST-RETEST RELIABILITY, RETURN-TO-WORK, VOCATIONAL-REHABILITATION, HEALTH, SELF, BACK, DISABILITY, QUALITY

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MLA
Vermeulen, Katrien, et al. “Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Evaluation of the Dutch Version of the Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ-VL).” JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL REHABILITATION, vol. 29, no. 3, 2019, pp. 514–25.
APA
Vermeulen, K., Woestyn, M., Oostra, K., Geers, S., Ryngaert, K., Van de Velde, K., … Van de Velde, D. (2019). Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Dutch version of the Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ-VL). JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL REHABILITATION, 29(3), 514–525.
Chicago author-date
Vermeulen, Katrien, Maxim Woestyn, Kristine Oostra, Sybille Geers, Kristien Ryngaert, Kimberley Van de Velde, Filip Descheemaeker, Stijn De Baets, and Dominique Van de Velde. 2019. “Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Evaluation of the Dutch Version of the Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ-VL).” JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL REHABILITATION 29 (3): 514–25.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vermeulen, Katrien, Maxim Woestyn, Kristine Oostra, Sybille Geers, Kristien Ryngaert, Kimberley Van de Velde, Filip Descheemaeker, Stijn De Baets, and Dominique Van de Velde. 2019. “Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Evaluation of the Dutch Version of the Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ-VL).” JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL REHABILITATION 29 (3): 514–525.
Vancouver
1.
Vermeulen K, Woestyn M, Oostra K, Geers S, Ryngaert K, Van de Velde K, et al. Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Dutch version of the Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ-VL). JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL REHABILITATION. 2019;29(3):514–25.
IEEE
[1]
K. Vermeulen et al., “Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Dutch version of the Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ-VL),” JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL REHABILITATION, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 514–525, 2019.
@article{8577384,
  abstract     = {Purpose: The Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ) was developed to evaluate work functioning in vocational rehabilitation, but was not yet available in Dutch. The goal of this study is twofold: a description of the cross-cultural adaptation process (part 1) of the WORQ to be used in Flanders (The Dutch speaking part of Belgium, WORQ-VL) and a presentation of the first psychometric testing of the WORQ-VL (part 2).
Methods: For part 1, the guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures by Beaton et al. were used to structure the cross-cultural adaptation. For part 2, a cross-sectional study was conducted in patients with musculoskeletal disorders [sample A: hand and wrist rehabilitation (n = 21) and sample B: fibromyalgia patients (n = 93)] who completed the WORQ-VL. Internal consistency and factor structure were examined in the total sample, whereas convergent and discriminant validity of the WORQ-VL were researched in sample A.
Results: First results on the convergent validity and discriminant validity (small sample size) and internal consistency of the WORQ-VL are promising. The exploratory factor analysis revealed seven factors which were labeled as 'cognition', 'physical', 'mood', 'activities of daily living', 'sensory', 'emotional' and 'social'. The best evidence was found for the 'physical' subscale of the WORQ-VL: strong correlations were found with the 'physical functioning' and 'role limitations-physical' subscales of the Short-Form Health Survey, respectively r = -.84 and r = -.59, p < .01. As expected, predominantly weak correlations were found with hand grip strength, kinesiophobia, hand-related aesthetics and satisfaction (ranging between r = -.38 and r = .34, p > .05).
Conclusions: The WORQ-VL is a user-friendly and valuable ICF-based self-report questionnaire to evaluate work functioning. Future studies are highly needed to examine the value of the WORQ within different patient populations and settings in order to examine further the added value of this self-report measure.},
  author       = {Vermeulen, Katrien and Woestyn, Maxim and Oostra, Kristine and Geers, Sybille and Ryngaert, Kristien and Van de Velde, Kimberley and Descheemaeker, Filip and De Baets, Stijn and Van de Velde, Dominique},
  issn         = {1053-0487},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL REHABILITATION},
  keywords     = {Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire,WORQ,Psychometrics,Vocational rehabilitation,Return to work,TEST-RETEST RELIABILITY,RETURN-TO-WORK,VOCATIONAL-REHABILITATION,HEALTH,SELF,BACK,DISABILITY,QUALITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {514--525},
  title        = {Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Dutch version of the Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ-VL)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10926-018-9812-8},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2019},
}

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