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Adoption of climate change adaptation strategies by maize-dependent smallholders in Ethiopia

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Abstract
Climate change is an environmental process that is among the most limiting factors for increasing or even maintaining food production by small-farmer communities in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). Adoption of climate change adaptation strategies that increase agricultural productivity and at the same time building farmers' resilience capacity has become a top policy priority in SSA. In this study, we investigate how maize-dependent smallholders in Ethiopia adapt to climate change. Both household and plot-level data were collected, and subsequently analysed by a multivariate probit regression model. Results show that most climate change adaptation strategies implemented by maize-dependent smallholders, are complementary. Combining conservation tillage, mixed maize-legume cropping and terracing along with the use of drought-resistant maize varieties allows farmers to increase productivity while building resilience to climate change more than a subset of these strategies. Findings indicate that the likelihood of adopting soil and water conservation practices, drought-resistant maize varieties and chemical fertilizers significantly increase among young and male-headed households as well as farmers having confidence in extension agents and membership in local organisations. Hence, policies should aim at further building agricultural extension agents' capacity by providing effective and continuous education and training on climate change impacts and responses. Promoting family ties and household memberships in local organisations through facilitating mutual cooperation and communication among farming communities would help to foster adoption of climate change adaptation strategies.
Keywords
Plot tenure security, Productivity, Resilience, Multivariate probit model, Drought stress, Erratic rainfall, Africa, SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA, INTENSIFICATION PRACTICES, FARMERS, OPPORTUNITIES, DETERMINANTS, RESILIENCE, DROUGHT, EASTERN

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MLA
Bedeke, Sisay Belay, et al. “Adoption of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies by Maize-Dependent Smallholders in Ethiopia.” NJAS-WAGENINGEN JOURNAL OF LIFE SCIENCES, vol. 88, 2019, pp. 96–104.
APA
Bedeke, S. B., Vanhove, W., Gezahegn, M., Natarajan, K., & Van Damme, P. (2019). Adoption of climate change adaptation strategies by maize-dependent smallholders in Ethiopia. NJAS-WAGENINGEN JOURNAL OF LIFE SCIENCES, 88, 96–104.
Chicago author-date
Bedeke, Sisay Belay, Wouter Vanhove, Muluken Gezahegn, Kolandavel Natarajan, and Patrick Van Damme. 2019. “Adoption of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies by Maize-Dependent Smallholders in Ethiopia.” NJAS-WAGENINGEN JOURNAL OF LIFE SCIENCES 88: 96–104.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Bedeke, Sisay Belay, Wouter Vanhove, Muluken Gezahegn, Kolandavel Natarajan, and Patrick Van Damme. 2019. “Adoption of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies by Maize-Dependent Smallholders in Ethiopia.” NJAS-WAGENINGEN JOURNAL OF LIFE SCIENCES 88: 96–104.
Vancouver
1.
Bedeke SB, Vanhove W, Gezahegn M, Natarajan K, Van Damme P. Adoption of climate change adaptation strategies by maize-dependent smallholders in Ethiopia. NJAS-WAGENINGEN JOURNAL OF LIFE SCIENCES. 2019;88:96–104.
IEEE
[1]
S. B. Bedeke, W. Vanhove, M. Gezahegn, K. Natarajan, and P. Van Damme, “Adoption of climate change adaptation strategies by maize-dependent smallholders in Ethiopia,” NJAS-WAGENINGEN JOURNAL OF LIFE SCIENCES, vol. 88, pp. 96–104, 2019.
@article{8577224,
  abstract     = {Climate change is an environmental process that is among the most limiting factors for increasing or even maintaining food production by small-farmer communities in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). Adoption of climate change adaptation strategies that increase agricultural productivity and at the same time building farmers' resilience capacity has become a top policy priority in SSA. In this study, we investigate how maize-dependent smallholders in Ethiopia adapt to climate change. Both household and plot-level data were collected, and subsequently analysed by a multivariate probit regression model. Results show that most climate change adaptation strategies implemented by maize-dependent smallholders, are complementary. Combining conservation tillage, mixed maize-legume cropping and terracing along with the use of drought-resistant maize varieties allows farmers to increase productivity while building resilience to climate change more than a subset of these strategies. Findings indicate that the likelihood of adopting soil and water conservation practices, drought-resistant maize varieties and chemical fertilizers significantly increase among young and male-headed households as well as farmers having confidence in extension agents and membership in local organisations. Hence, policies should aim at further building agricultural extension agents' capacity by providing effective and continuous education and training on climate change impacts and responses. Promoting family ties and household memberships in local organisations through facilitating mutual cooperation and communication among farming communities would help to foster adoption of climate change adaptation strategies.},
  author       = {Bedeke, Sisay Belay and Vanhove, Wouter and Gezahegn, Muluken and Natarajan, Kolandavel and Van Damme, Patrick},
  issn         = {1573-5214},
  journal      = {NJAS-WAGENINGEN JOURNAL OF LIFE SCIENCES},
  keywords     = {Plot tenure security,Productivity,Resilience,Multivariate probit model,Drought stress,Erratic rainfall,Africa,SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA,INTENSIFICATION PRACTICES,FARMERS,OPPORTUNITIES,DETERMINANTS,RESILIENCE,DROUGHT,EASTERN},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {96--104},
  title        = {Adoption of climate change adaptation strategies by maize-dependent smallholders in Ethiopia},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.njas.2018.09.001},
  volume       = {88},
  year         = {2019},
}

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