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Probing star formation and ISM properties using galaxy disk inclination, I : evolution in disk opacity since z ∼ 0.7

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Abstract
Disk galaxies at intermediate redshift (z similar to 0.7) have been found in previous work to display more optically thick behaviour than their local counterparts in the rest-frame B-band surface brightness, suggesting an evolution in dust properties over the past similar to 6 Gyr. We compare the measured luminosities of face-on and edge-on star-forming galaxies at different wavelengths (Ultraviolet (UV), midinfrared (MIR), far-infrared (FIR), and radio) for two well-matched samples of disk-dominated galaxies: a local Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS)-selected sample at z similar to 0.07 and a sample of disks at z similar to 0.7 drawn from Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS). We have derived correction factors to account for the inclination dependence of the parameters used for sample selection. We find that typical galaxies are transparent at MIR wavelengths at both redshifts, and that the FIR and radio emission is also transparent as expected. However, reduced sensitivity at these wavelengths limits our analysis; we cannot rule out opacity in the FIR or radio. Ultra-violet attenuation has increased between z similar to 0 and z similar to 0.7, with the z similar to 0.7 sample being a factor of similar to 3.4 more attenuated. The larger UV attenuation at z similar to 0.7 can be explained by more clumpy dust around nascent star-forming regions. There is good agreement between the fitted evolution of the normalisation of the SFRUV versus 1-cos(i) trend (interpreted as the clumpiness fraction) and the molecular gas fraction/dust fraction evolution of galaxies found out to z < 1.
Keywords
SPECTRAL ENERGY-DISTRIBUTION, DIGITAL SKY SURVEY, ACTIVE GALACTIC, NUCLEI, WIDE-FIELD SURVEY, RADIAL EXTINCTION PROFILES, ALMA, SPECTROSCOPIC SURVEY, INITIAL MASS FUNCTION, ULTRA DEEP FIELD, EDGE-ON, SPIRALS, FORMING GALAXIES, galaxies: evolution, opacity, galaxies: ISM, galaxies: star formation

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MLA
Leslie, SK et al. “Probing Star Formation and ISM Properties Using Galaxy Disk Inclination, I : Evolution in Disk Opacity Since z ∼ 0.7.” ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 615 (2018): n. pag. Print.
APA
Leslie, S., Sargent, M., Schinnerer, E., Groves, B., van der Wel, A., Zamorani, G., Fudamoto, Y., et al. (2018). Probing star formation and ISM properties using galaxy disk inclination, I : evolution in disk opacity since z ∼ 0.7. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 615.
Chicago author-date
Leslie, SK, MT Sargent, E Schinnerer, B Groves, Arjen van der Wel, G Zamorani, Y Fudamoto, P Lang, and V Smolcic. 2018. “Probing Star Formation and ISM Properties Using Galaxy Disk Inclination, I : Evolution in Disk Opacity Since z ∼ 0.7.” Astronomy & Astrophysics 615.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Leslie, SK, MT Sargent, E Schinnerer, B Groves, Arjen van der Wel, G Zamorani, Y Fudamoto, P Lang, and V Smolcic. 2018. “Probing Star Formation and ISM Properties Using Galaxy Disk Inclination, I : Evolution in Disk Opacity Since z ∼ 0.7.” Astronomy & Astrophysics 615.
Vancouver
1.
Leslie S, Sargent M, Schinnerer E, Groves B, van der Wel A, Zamorani G, et al. Probing star formation and ISM properties using galaxy disk inclination, I : evolution in disk opacity since z ∼ 0.7. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. 2018;615.
IEEE
[1]
S. Leslie et al., “Probing star formation and ISM properties using galaxy disk inclination, I : evolution in disk opacity since z ∼ 0.7,” ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, vol. 615, 2018.
@article{8576805,
  abstract     = {Disk galaxies at intermediate redshift (z similar to 0.7) have been found in previous work to display more optically thick behaviour than their local counterparts in the rest-frame B-band surface brightness, suggesting an evolution in dust properties over the past similar to 6 Gyr. We compare the measured luminosities of face-on and edge-on star-forming galaxies at different wavelengths (Ultraviolet (UV), midinfrared (MIR), far-infrared (FIR), and radio) for two well-matched samples of disk-dominated galaxies: a local Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS)-selected sample at z similar to 0.07 and a sample of disks at z similar to 0.7 drawn from Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS). We have derived correction factors to account for the inclination dependence of the parameters used for sample selection. We find that typical galaxies are transparent at MIR wavelengths at both redshifts, and that the FIR and radio emission is also transparent as expected. However, reduced sensitivity at these wavelengths limits our analysis; we cannot rule out opacity in the FIR or radio. Ultra-violet attenuation has increased between z similar to 0 and z similar to 0.7, with the z similar to 0.7 sample being a factor of similar to 3.4 more attenuated. The larger UV attenuation at z similar to 0.7 can be explained by more clumpy dust around nascent star-forming regions. There is good agreement between the fitted evolution of the normalisation of the SFRUV versus 1-cos(i) trend (interpreted as the clumpiness fraction) and the molecular gas fraction/dust fraction evolution of galaxies found out to z < 1.},
  articleno    = {A7},
  author       = {Leslie, SK and Sargent, MT and Schinnerer, E and Groves, B and van der Wel, Arjen and Zamorani, G and Fudamoto, Y and Lang, P and Smolcic, V},
  issn         = {1432-0746},
  journal      = {ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS},
  keywords     = {SPECTRAL ENERGY-DISTRIBUTION,DIGITAL SKY SURVEY,ACTIVE GALACTIC,NUCLEI,WIDE-FIELD SURVEY,RADIAL EXTINCTION PROFILES,ALMA,SPECTROSCOPIC SURVEY,INITIAL MASS FUNCTION,ULTRA DEEP FIELD,EDGE-ON,SPIRALS,FORMING GALAXIES,galaxies: evolution,opacity,galaxies: ISM,galaxies: star formation},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {20},
  title        = {Probing star formation and ISM properties using galaxy disk inclination, I : evolution in disk opacity since z ∼ 0.7},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201732255},
  volume       = {615},
  year         = {2018},
}

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