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Abstract
Using high-resolution spectra from the VLT Large Early Galaxy Astrophysics Census (LEGA-C) program, we reconstruct the star formation histories (SFHs) of 607 galaxies at redshifts z - 0.6-1.0 and stellar masses. greater than or similar to 10(10) M circle dot using a custom full spectrum fitting algorithm that incorporates the emcee and FSPS packages. We show that the mass-weighted age of a galaxy correlates strongly with stellar velocity dispersion (sigma(*)) and ongoing star formation (SF) activity, with the stellar content in higher-sigma(*) galaxies having formed earlier and faster. The SFHs of quiescent galaxies are generally consistent with passive evolution since their main SF epoch, but a minority show clear evidence of a rejuvenation event in their recent past. The mean age of stars in galaxies that are star-forming is generally significantly younger, with SF peaking after z < 1.5 for almost all star-forming galaxies in the sample: many of these still have either constant or rising SFRs on timescales > 100 Myr. This indicates that z > 2 progenitors of z similar to 1 star-forming galaxies are generally far less massive. Finally, despite considerable variance in the individual SFHs, we show that the current SF activity of massive galaxies (>L-*) at z similar to 1 correlates with SF levels at least 3 Gyr prior: SFHs retain "memory" on a large fraction of the Hubble time. Our results illustrate a novel approach to resolve the formation phase of galaxies, and, by identifying their individual evolutionary paths, one can connect progenitors and descendants across cosmic time. This is uniquely enabled by the high-quality continuum spectroscopy provided by the LEGA-C survey.
Keywords
DIGITAL-SKY-SURVEY, STELLAR POPULATION SYNTHESIS, INITIAL MASS FUNCTION, GIANT BRANCH STARS, TP-AGB MODELS, METALLICITY HISTORIES, FORMING, GALAXIES, DUST CONTENT, EVOLUTION, SPECTRA, galaxies: evolution, galaxies: high-redshift, galaxies: star formation, galaxies: stellar content

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Chauke, Priscilla, Arjen van der Wel, Camilla Pacifici, Rachel Bezanson, Po-Feng Wu, Anna Gallazzi, Kai Noeske, et al. 2018. “Star Formation Histories of z ~ 1 Galaxies in LEGA-C.” Astrophysical Journal 861 (1).
APA
Chauke, P., van der Wel, A., Pacifici, C., Bezanson, R., Wu, P.-F., Gallazzi, A., Noeske, K., et al. (2018). Star formation histories of z ~ 1 galaxies in LEGA-C. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 861(1).
Vancouver
1.
Chauke P, van der Wel A, Pacifici C, Bezanson R, Wu P-F, Gallazzi A, et al. Star formation histories of z ~ 1 galaxies in LEGA-C. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. 2018;861(1).
MLA
Chauke, Priscilla, Arjen van der Wel, Camilla Pacifici, et al. “Star Formation Histories of z ~ 1 Galaxies in LEGA-C.” ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 861.1 (2018): n. pag. Print.
@article{8576802,
  abstract     = {Using high-resolution spectra from the VLT Large Early Galaxy Astrophysics Census (LEGA-C) program, we reconstruct the star formation histories (SFHs) of 607 galaxies at redshifts z - 0.6-1.0 and stellar masses. greater than or similar to 10(10) M circle dot using a custom full spectrum fitting algorithm that incorporates the emcee and FSPS packages. We show that the mass-weighted age of a galaxy correlates strongly with stellar velocity dispersion (sigma(*)) and ongoing star formation (SF) activity, with the stellar content in higher-sigma(*) galaxies having formed earlier and faster. The SFHs of quiescent galaxies are generally consistent with passive evolution since their main SF epoch, but a minority show clear evidence of a rejuvenation event in their recent past. The mean age of stars in galaxies that are star-forming is generally significantly younger, with SF peaking after z {\textlangle} 1.5 for almost all star-forming galaxies in the sample: many of these still have either constant or rising SFRs on timescales {\textrangle} 100 Myr. This indicates that z {\textrangle} 2 progenitors of z similar to 1 star-forming galaxies are generally far less massive. Finally, despite considerable variance in the individual SFHs, we show that the current SF activity of massive galaxies ({\textrangle}L-*) at z similar to 1 correlates with SF levels at least 3 Gyr prior: SFHs retain {\textacutedbl}memory{\textacutedbl} on a large fraction of the Hubble time. Our results illustrate a novel approach to resolve the formation phase of galaxies, and, by identifying their individual evolutionary paths, one can connect progenitors and descendants across cosmic time. This is uniquely enabled by the high-quality continuum spectroscopy provided by the LEGA-C survey.},
  articleno    = {13},
  author       = {Chauke, Priscilla and van der Wel, Arjen and Pacifici, Camilla and Bezanson, Rachel and Wu, Po-Feng and Gallazzi, Anna and Noeske, Kai and Straatman, Caroline and Munos-Mateos, Juan-Carlos and Franx, Marijn and Barisic, Ivana and Bell, Eric F and Brammer, Gabriel B and Calhau, Joao and van Houdt, Josha and Labbe, Ivo and Maseda, Michael V and Muzzin, Adam and Rix, Hans-Walter and Sobral, David},
  issn         = {0004-637X},
  journal      = {ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL},
  keyword      = {DIGITAL-SKY-SURVEY,STELLAR POPULATION SYNTHESIS,INITIAL MASS FUNCTION,GIANT BRANCH STARS,TP-AGB MODELS,METALLICITY HISTORIES,FORMING,GALAXIES,DUST CONTENT,EVOLUTION,SPECTRA,galaxies: evolution,galaxies: high-redshift,galaxies: star formation,galaxies: stellar content},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {12},
  title        = {Star formation histories of z {\texttildelow} 1 galaxies in LEGA-C},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aac324},
  volume       = {861},
  year         = {2018},
}

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