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The relationship between second language acquisition and non-verbal cognitive abilities

Evy Woumans (UGent) , Sofie Ameloot (UGent) , Emmanuel Keuleers and Eva Van Assche (UGent)
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Abstract
We monitored the progress of 40 children when they first started to acquire a second language (L2) implicitly through immersion. Employing a longitudinal design, we tested them before they had any notions of an L2 (Time 0) and after 1 school year of L2 exposure (Time 1) to determine whether cognitive abilities can predict the success of L2 learning. Task administration included measures of intelligence, cognitive control, and language skills. Initial scores on measures of inhibitory control seemed predictive of L2 Dutch vocabulary acquisition. At the same time, progress on IQ, inhibitory control, attentional shifting, and working memory were also identified as contributing factors, suggesting a more intricate relationship between cognitive abilities and L2 learning than previously assumed. Furthermore, L1 development was mainly predicted by performance on inhibitory control and working memory.
Keywords
second language acquisition, immersion, cognitive control, cognitive development, language development, EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS, INHIBITORY CONTROL, BILINGUALISM, CHILDREN, SCHOOL, PRESCHOOLERS, VOCABULARY, LITERACY, MEMORY, MATH

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MLA
Woumans, Evy, et al. “The Relationship between Second Language Acquisition and Non-Verbal Cognitive Abilities.” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY - GENERAL, vol. 148, no. 7, 2019, pp. 1169–77.
APA
Woumans, E., Ameloot, S., Keuleers, E., & Van Assche, E. (2019). The relationship between second language acquisition and non-verbal cognitive abilities. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY - GENERAL, 148(7), 1169–1177.
Chicago author-date
Woumans, Evy, Sofie Ameloot, Emmanuel Keuleers, and Eva Van Assche. 2019. “The Relationship between Second Language Acquisition and Non-Verbal Cognitive Abilities.” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY - GENERAL 148 (7): 1169–77.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Woumans, Evy, Sofie Ameloot, Emmanuel Keuleers, and Eva Van Assche. 2019. “The Relationship between Second Language Acquisition and Non-Verbal Cognitive Abilities.” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY - GENERAL 148 (7): 1169–1177.
Vancouver
1.
Woumans E, Ameloot S, Keuleers E, Van Assche E. The relationship between second language acquisition and non-verbal cognitive abilities. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY - GENERAL. 2019;148(7):1169–77.
IEEE
[1]
E. Woumans, S. Ameloot, E. Keuleers, and E. Van Assche, “The relationship between second language acquisition and non-verbal cognitive abilities,” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY - GENERAL, vol. 148, no. 7, pp. 1169–1177, 2019.
@article{8576447,
  abstract     = {We monitored the progress of 40 children when they first started to acquire a second language (L2) implicitly through immersion. Employing a longitudinal design, we tested them before they had any notions of an L2 (Time 0) and after 1 school year of L2 exposure (Time 1) to determine whether cognitive abilities can predict the success of L2 learning. Task administration included measures of intelligence, cognitive control, and language skills. Initial scores on measures of inhibitory control seemed predictive of L2 Dutch vocabulary acquisition. At the same time, progress on IQ, inhibitory control, attentional shifting, and working memory were also identified as contributing factors, suggesting a more intricate relationship between cognitive abilities and L2 learning than previously assumed. Furthermore, L1 development was mainly predicted by performance on inhibitory control and working memory.},
  author       = {Woumans, Evy and Ameloot, Sofie and Keuleers, Emmanuel and Van Assche, Eva},
  issn         = {0096-3445},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY - GENERAL},
  keywords     = {second language acquisition,immersion,cognitive control,cognitive development,language development,EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS,INHIBITORY CONTROL,BILINGUALISM,CHILDREN,SCHOOL,PRESCHOOLERS,VOCABULARY,LITERACY,MEMORY,MATH},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1169--1177},
  title        = {The relationship between second language acquisition and non-verbal cognitive abilities},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xge0000536},
  volume       = {148},
  year         = {2019},
}

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