Advanced search
1 file | 716.36 KB

The relation between social capital and burnout : a longitudinal study

Heidi Janssens (UGent) , Lutgart Braeckman (UGent) , Peter Vlerick (UGent) , Bart Van de Ven (UGent) , Bart De Clercq (UGent) and Els Clays (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
Objectives: Although social capital approach has showed its merits in predicting well-being and health in the working environment, studies examining the relation between social capital and burnout are scarce and limited to cross-sectional studies in the health care sector. This study aims to explore the longitudinal relationship between workplace social capital and burnout in a Belgian company in the energy sector. An additional aim was to assess whether the relation between workplace social capital and the dimensions of burnout was independent of job characteristics, i. e., the level of decision-making autonomy and task variety, and demographical variables. Methods: Analyses are conducted on the questionnaire data of 473 workers who participated at the two waves (2013 and 2014) of a longitudinal study. Results: The results showed a negative relation between social capital and distance and a positive relation between social capital and competence, after 1-year follow-up and after adjustments for baseline levels of the respective burnout dimension. In contrast with the literature, no relation between social capital and emotional exhaustion was found after adjustment for baseline level of emotional exhaustion. After additional adjustments were made for the job characteristics 'decision-making autonomy' and 'task variety', the relation between social capital and competence disappeared. Conclusions: This study delivered evidence for the lagged relation between social capital and distance, even after controlling for demographical and job characteristics. Therefore, the findings suggest that organizations should pay attention to strategies enhancing social interaction, enabling to increase the levels of support, reciprocity, sharing and trust, in the prevention of burnout.
Keywords
Emotional exhaustion, Distance, Competence, Longitudinal study, Technology sector, SELF-RATED HEALTH, EMOTIONAL EXHAUSTION, JOB DEMANDS, RECIPROCAL RELATIONSHIPS, RISK-FACTOR, RESOURCES, WORK, PREDICTOR, DEPRESSION, HOSPITALS

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 716.36 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Janssens, Heidi, Lutgart Braeckman, Peter Vlerick, Bart Van de Ven, Bart De Clercq, and Els Clays. 2018. “The Relation Between Social Capital and Burnout : a Longitudinal Study.” International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 91 (8): 1001–1009.
APA
Janssens, H., Braeckman, L., Vlerick, P., Van de Ven, B., De Clercq, B., & Clays, E. (2018). The relation between social capital and burnout : a longitudinal study. INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, 91(8), 1001–1009.
Vancouver
1.
Janssens H, Braeckman L, Vlerick P, Van de Ven B, De Clercq B, Clays E. The relation between social capital and burnout : a longitudinal study. INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH. 2018;91(8):1001–9.
MLA
Janssens, Heidi, Lutgart Braeckman, Peter Vlerick, et al. “The Relation Between Social Capital and Burnout : a Longitudinal Study.” INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH 91.8 (2018): 1001–1009. Print.
@article{8576248,
  abstract     = {Objectives: Although social capital approach has showed its merits in predicting well-being and health in the working environment, studies examining the relation between social capital and burnout are scarce and limited to cross-sectional studies in the health care sector. This study aims to explore the longitudinal relationship between workplace social capital and burnout in a Belgian company in the energy sector. An additional aim was to assess whether the relation between workplace social capital and the dimensions of burnout was independent of job characteristics, i. e., the level of decision-making autonomy and task variety, and demographical variables. 
Methods: Analyses are conducted on the questionnaire data of 473 workers who participated at the two waves (2013 and 2014) of a longitudinal study. 
Results: The results showed a negative relation between social capital and distance and a positive relation between social capital and competence, after 1-year follow-up and after adjustments for baseline levels of the respective burnout dimension. In contrast with the literature, no relation between social capital and emotional exhaustion was found after adjustment for baseline level of emotional exhaustion. After additional adjustments were made for the job characteristics 'decision-making autonomy' and 'task variety', the relation between social capital and competence disappeared. 
Conclusions: This study delivered evidence for the lagged relation between social capital and distance, even after controlling for demographical and job characteristics. Therefore, the findings suggest that organizations should pay attention to strategies enhancing social interaction, enabling to increase the levels of support, reciprocity, sharing and trust, in the prevention of burnout.},
  author       = {Janssens, Heidi and Braeckman, Lutgart and Vlerick, Peter and Van de Ven, Bart and De Clercq, Bart and Clays, Els},
  issn         = {0340-0131},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1001--1009},
  title        = {The relation between social capital and burnout : a longitudinal study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00420-018-1341-4},
  volume       = {91},
  year         = {2018},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: