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Parents’ and adolescents’ perception of traffic- and crime-related safety as correlates of independent mobility among Belgian adolescents

(2018) PLOS ONE. 13(9).
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Abstract
The independent mobility (IM), defined as the freedom of young people to travel without adult supervision, has been related to the physical activity time, the acquisition of personal autonomy, to less intense fear of crime, and to a stronger feeling of being part of their community and other health and social benefits. The aims of this study were to compare parents' and adolescents' traffic- and crime-related safety perceptions of their neighborhood and to analyze the associations of these perceptions with adolescents' IM. A total of 291 adolescents and their parents completed the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS) questionnaire. Multilevel (two-level models: individual level-neighborhood level) regression analyses were conducted to examine whether the environmental perceptions differed between parents and adolescents and the association between the parental and adolescents' perception to the IM and the active independent mobility (AIM). Parents reported a more negative perception of traffic (except for amount and speed) and crime-related safety. Adolescents' environmental perceptions were not associated with their IM but parental perceptions of traffic- and crime-related safety were associated with IM and with active IM, although not all associations were in the expected direction. Future urban policy efforts should address environments where parents perceive sufficient levels of safety to increase the levels of IM in adolescents.
Keywords
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, NEIGHBORHOOD ENVIRONMENT, ACTIVE-TRANSPORT, SCHOOL, CHILDREN, WALKING, HEALTH, YOUTH, PLAY, FEAR

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Chicago
Huertas-Delgado, Francisco Javier, Lieze Mertens, Palma Chillon, and Delfien Van Dyck. 2018. “Parents’ and Adolescents' Perception of Traffic- and Crime-related Safety as Correlates of Independent Mobility Among Belgian Adolescents.” Plos One 13 (9).
APA
Huertas-Delgado, F. J., Mertens, L., Chillon, P., & Van Dyck, D. (2018). Parents’ and adolescents' perception of traffic- and crime-related safety as correlates of independent mobility among Belgian adolescents. PLOS ONE, 13(9).
Vancouver
1.
Huertas-Delgado FJ, Mertens L, Chillon P, Van Dyck D. Parents’ and adolescents' perception of traffic- and crime-related safety as correlates of independent mobility among Belgian adolescents. PLOS ONE. 2018;13(9).
MLA
Huertas-Delgado, Francisco Javier, Lieze Mertens, Palma Chillon, et al. “Parents’ and Adolescents' Perception of Traffic- and Crime-related Safety as Correlates of Independent Mobility Among Belgian Adolescents.” PLOS ONE 13.9 (2018): n. pag. Print.
@article{8575621,
  abstract     = {The independent mobility (IM), defined as the freedom of young people to travel without adult supervision, has been related to the physical activity time, the acquisition of personal autonomy, to less intense fear of crime, and to a stronger feeling of being part of their community and other health and social benefits. The aims of this study were to compare parents' and adolescents' traffic- and crime-related safety perceptions of their neighborhood and to analyze the associations of these perceptions with adolescents' IM. A total of 291 adolescents and their parents completed the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS) questionnaire. Multilevel (two-level models: individual level-neighborhood level) regression analyses were conducted to examine whether the environmental perceptions differed between parents and adolescents and the association between the parental and adolescents' perception to the IM and the active independent mobility (AIM). Parents reported a more negative perception of traffic (except for amount and speed) and crime-related safety. Adolescents' environmental perceptions were not associated with their IM but parental perceptions of traffic- and crime-related safety were associated with IM and with active IM, although not all associations were in the expected direction. Future urban policy efforts should address environments where parents perceive sufficient levels of safety to increase the levels of IM in adolescents.},
  articleno    = {e0204454},
  author       = {Huertas-Delgado, Francisco Javier and Mertens, Lieze and Chillon, Palma and Van Dyck, Delfien},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {14},
  title        = {Parents{\textquoteright} and adolescents{\textquoteright} perception of traffic- and crime-related safety as correlates of independent mobility among Belgian adolescents},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204454},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2018},
}

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