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The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS) is designed to document the first third of galactic evolution, over the approximate redshift (z) range 8-1.5. It will image >250,000 distant galaxies using three separate cameras on the Hubble Space Telescope, from the mid-ultraviolet to the near-infrared, and will find and measure Type Ia supernovae at z > 1.5 to test their accuracy as standardizable candles for cosmology. Five premier multi-wavelength sky regions are selected, each with extensive ancillary data. The use of five widely separated fields mitigates cosmic variance and yields statistically robust and complete samples of galaxies down to a stellar mass of 10(9)M(circle dot) to z approximate to 2, reaching the knee of the ultraviolet luminosity function of galaxies to z approximate to 8. The survey covers approximately 800 arcmin(2) and is divided into two parts. The CANDELS/Deep survey (5 sigma point-source limit H = 27.7 mag) covers similar to 125 arcmin(2) within Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS)-N and GOODS-S. The CANDELS/Wide survey includes GOODS and three additional fields (Extended Groth Strip, COSMOS, and Ultra-deep Survey) and covers the full area to a 5 sigma point-source limit of H greater than or similar to 27.0 mag. Together with the Hubble Ultra Deep Fields, the strategy creates a three-tiered "wedding-cake" approach that has proven efficient for extragalactic surveys. Data from the survey are nonproprietary and are useful for a wide variety of science investigations. In this paper, we describe the basic motivations for the survey, the CANDELS team science goals and the resulting observational requirements, the field selection and geometry, and the observing design. The Hubble data processing and products are described in a companion paper.
Keywords
HUBBLE-SPACE-TELESCOPE, STAR-FORMING GALAXIES, ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI, LYMAN-BREAK GALAXIES, SUPERMASSIVE BLACK-HOLES, EXTENDED GROTH-STRIP, GOODS-SOUTH FIELD, SIMILAR-TO 7, REST-FRAME ULTRAVIOLET, EARLY RELEASE, SCIENCE, cosmology: observations, galaxies: high-redshift

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Chicago
Grogin, Norman A, Dale D Kocevski, SM Faber, Henry C Ferguson, Anton M Koekemoer, Adam G Riess, Viviana Acquaviva, et al. 2011. “CANDELS : the Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey.” Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 197 (2).
APA
Grogin, N. A., Kocevski, D. D., Faber, S., Ferguson, H. C., Koekemoer, A. M., Riess, A. G., Acquaviva, V., et al. (2011). CANDELS : the Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES, 197(2).
Vancouver
1.
Grogin NA, Kocevski DD, Faber S, Ferguson HC, Koekemoer AM, Riess AG, et al. CANDELS : the Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES. 2011;197(2).
MLA
Grogin, Norman A, Dale D Kocevski, SM Faber, et al. “CANDELS : the Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey.” ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES 197.2 (2011): n. pag. Print.
@article{8575196,
  abstract     = {The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS) is designed to document the first third of galactic evolution, over the approximate redshift (z) range 8-1.5. It will image >250,000 distant galaxies using three separate cameras on the Hubble Space Telescope, from the mid-ultraviolet to the near-infrared, and will find and measure Type Ia supernovae at z > 1.5 to test their accuracy as standardizable candles for cosmology. Five premier multi-wavelength sky regions are selected, each with extensive ancillary data. The use of five widely separated fields mitigates cosmic variance and yields statistically robust and complete samples of galaxies down to a stellar mass of 10(9)M(circle dot) to z approximate to 2, reaching the knee of the ultraviolet luminosity function of galaxies to z approximate to 8. The survey covers approximately 800 arcmin(2) and is divided into two parts. The CANDELS/Deep survey (5 sigma point-source limit H = 27.7 mag) covers similar to 125 arcmin(2) within Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS)-N and GOODS-S. The CANDELS/Wide survey includes GOODS and three additional fields (Extended Groth Strip, COSMOS, and Ultra-deep Survey) and covers the full area to a 5 sigma point-source limit of H greater than or similar to 27.0 mag. Together with the Hubble Ultra Deep Fields, the strategy creates a three-tiered "wedding-cake" approach that has proven efficient for extragalactic surveys. Data from the survey are nonproprietary and are useful for a wide variety of science investigations. In this paper, we describe the basic motivations for the survey, the CANDELS team science goals and the resulting observational requirements, the field selection and geometry, and the observing design. The Hubble data processing and products are described in a companion paper.},
  articleno    = {35},
  author       = {Grogin, Norman A and Kocevski, Dale D and Faber, SM and Ferguson, Henry C and Koekemoer, Anton M and Riess, Adam G and Acquaviva, Viviana and Alexander, David M and Almaini, Omar and Ashby, Matthew LN and Barden, Marco and Bell, Eric F and Bournaud, Frederic and Brown, Thomas M and Caputi, Karina I and Casertano, Stefano and Cassata, Paolo and Castellano, Marco and Challis, Peter and Chary, Ranga-Ram and Cheung, Edmond and Cirasuolo, Michele and Conselice, Christopher J and Cooray, Asantha Roshan and Croton, Darren J and Daddi, Emanuele and Dahlen, Tomas and Dave, Romeel and de Mello, Duilia F and Dekel, Avishai and Dickinson, Mark and Dolch, Timothy and Donley, Jennifer L and Dunlop, James S and Dutton, Aaron A and Elbaz, David and Fazio, Giovanni G and Filippenko, Alexei V and Finkelstein, Steven L and Fontana, Adriano and Gardner, Jonathan P and Garnavich, Peter M and Gawiser, Eric and Giavalisco, Mauro and Grazian, Andrea and Guo, Yicheng and Hathi, Nimish P and Haeussler, Boris and Hopkins, Philip F and Huang, Jia-Sheng and Huang, Kuang-Han and Jha, Saurabh W and Kartaltepe, Jeyhan S and Kirshner, Robert P and Koo, David C and Lai, Kamson and Lee, Kyoung-Soo and Li, Weidong and Lotz, Jennifer M and Lucas, Ray A and Madau, Piero and McCarthy, Patrick J and McGrath, Elizabeth J and McIntosh, Daniel H and McLure, Ross J and Mobasher, Bahram and Moustakas, Leonidas A and Mozena, Mark and Nandra, Kirpal and Newman, Jeffrey A and Niemi, Sami-Matias and Noeske, Kai G and Papovich, Casey J and Pentericci, Laura and Pope, Alexandra and Primack, Joel R and Rajan, Abhijith and Ravindranath, Swara and Reddy, Naveen A and Renzini, Alvio and Rix, Hans-Walter and Robaina, Aday R and Rodney, Steven A and Rosario, David J and Rosati, Piero and Salimbeni, Sara and Scarlata, Claudia and Siana, Brian and Simard, Luc and Smidt, Joseph and Somerville, Rachel S and Spinrad, Hyron and Straughn, Amber N and Strolger, Louis-Gregory and Telford, Olivia and Teplitz, Harry I and Trump, Jonathan R and van der Wel, Arjen and Villforth, Carolin and Wechsler, Risa H and Weiner, Benjamin J and Wiklind, Tommy and Wild, Vivienne and Wilson, Grant and Wuyts, Stijn and Yan, Hao-Jing and Yun, Min S},
  issn         = {0067-0049},
  journal      = {ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES},
  keywords     = {HUBBLE-SPACE-TELESCOPE,STAR-FORMING GALAXIES,ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI,LYMAN-BREAK GALAXIES,SUPERMASSIVE BLACK-HOLES,EXTENDED GROTH-STRIP,GOODS-SOUTH FIELD,SIMILAR-TO 7,REST-FRAME ULTRAVIOLET,EARLY RELEASE,SCIENCE,cosmology: observations,galaxies: high-redshift},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {39},
  title        = {CANDELS : the Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/197/2/35},
  volume       = {197},
  year         = {2011},
}

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