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Exploring the relative importance of work-organizational burnout risk factors in Belgian residents

Ruben Willems (UGent) , Christel Monten (UGent) and Gwendolyn Portzky (UGent)
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Abstract
Previous research has shown that residents are at risk for developing burnout. Most burnout measures focus on individual risk factors, although work-organizational-focused measures might be beneficial as well. This study analyzed the relative importance of positive and negative work-organizational stressors, according to residents themselves. Eleven work-organizational themes were found with deductive reasoning and two themes, recognition and success experiences, were found inductively. Main positive stressors are professional development, receiving feedback, experiencing success, autonomy and social support. Main negative stressors are high workloads, role conflicts/ambiguity, long work hours, and a lack of feedback, a lack of social support, and a lack of professional development. Measures to improve residents’ well-being should not only focus on reducing workload and work hours. Our results suggest to allocate resources to improve supervisors’ skills, such as providing social support, feedback, and recognition. A better match between internship obligations and residents’ studies could also contribute positively to this purpose.
Keywords
Burn out, work-related stressors, resident, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, PATIENT-CARE, IMPACT, INTERVENTION, EDUCATION, PROGRAM, SAFETY

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Chicago
Willems, Ruben, Christel Monten, and Gwendolyn Portzky. 2018. “Exploring the Relative Importance of Work-organizational Burnout Risk Factors in Belgian Residents.” Medical Education Online 23 (1).
APA
Willems, R., Monten, C., & Portzky, G. (2018). Exploring the relative importance of work-organizational burnout risk factors in Belgian residents. MEDICAL EDUCATION ONLINE, 23(1).
Vancouver
1.
Willems R, Monten C, Portzky G. Exploring the relative importance of work-organizational burnout risk factors in Belgian residents. MEDICAL EDUCATION ONLINE. 2018;23(1).
MLA
Willems, Ruben, Christel Monten, and Gwendolyn Portzky. “Exploring the Relative Importance of Work-organizational Burnout Risk Factors in Belgian Residents.” MEDICAL EDUCATION ONLINE 23.1 (2018): n. pag. Print.
@article{8574858,
  abstract     = {Previous research has shown that residents are at risk for developing burnout. Most burnout measures focus on individual risk factors, although work-organizational-focused measures might be beneficial as well. This study analyzed the relative importance of positive and negative work-organizational stressors, according to residents themselves. Eleven work-organizational themes were found with deductive reasoning and two themes, recognition and success experiences, were found inductively. Main positive stressors are professional development, receiving feedback, experiencing success, autonomy and social support. Main negative stressors are high workloads, role conflicts/ambiguity, long work hours, and a lack of feedback, a lack of social support, and a lack of professional development. Measures to improve residents’ well-being should not only focus on reducing workload and work hours. Our results suggest to allocate resources to improve supervisors’ skills, such as providing social support, feedback, and recognition. A better match between internship obligations and residents’ studies could also contribute positively to this purpose.},
  articleno    = {1521246},
  author       = {Willems, Ruben and Monten, Christel and Portzky, Gwendolyn},
  issn         = {1087-2981},
  journal      = {MEDICAL EDUCATION ONLINE},
  keywords     = {Burn out,work-related stressors,resident,QUALITY-OF-LIFE,PATIENT-CARE,IMPACT,INTERVENTION,EDUCATION,PROGRAM,SAFETY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {6},
  title        = {Exploring the relative importance of work-organizational burnout risk factors in Belgian residents},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10872981.2018.1521246},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2018},
}

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