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The effect of MyDayPlan : a self-regulation based mHealth intervention on physical activity levels in adults : a pilot study

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Abstract
Background: Physical inactivity is one of the major risk factors for poor health in the world. Therefore, effective interventions that promote physical activity are needed. Web-based interventions typically have small intervention effects on adults’health behavior because they primarily target processes leading to an intention to change leaving individuals in an intention-behaviour gap. Furthermore, these interventions often allow users to set long-term goals to be more physically active. These goals are not regularly adapted and are therefore not tailored to the individual and the daily context in which the users find themselves. This is detrimental to the feasibility of the predetermined goal and consequently to the effectiveness of the intervention. Hence, we developed an mHealth intervention for adults, i.e. ‘MyDayPlan’, which includes self-regulation techniques to guide users during the process towards behaviour change. By using these self-regulation techniques, such as action planning, coping planning and self-monitoring the intention-behaviour gap could be bridged. In existing, commercial apps, very general objectives are set by the user and the context in which it stands are used. In this app, this is countered by requesting users to make a daily plan on physical activity in the morning morning (taking into account the context of the day e.g. their planning, the weather, their physical fitness, mental state, ...)(= action planning). They also have to formulate possible obstacles possible solutions (= coping planning). At the end of the day they reflect on whether or not they have achieved their objective (= self-monitoring). Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of ‘MyDayPlan’ in increasing the level of physical activity in adults between 18 and 65 years old. Methods: A convenience sample of 50 participants between 18 and 65 years old who did not meet the recommendations of 30 minutes moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (=MVPA) were recruited to take part of this study (both men and women). They were recruited by mail. In this study we use an ABAB reversal design in which the different phases lasted for one week. The A phases were the control phases in which the participants did not use the app and the B phases were the phases in which the participants used the app. During the full duration of the study (1 month), participants wore an ActiGraph accelerometer during waking hours (at the hip). The data of these accelerometers were analysed to evaluate the effectiveness of MyDayPlan on increasing the level of physical activity. Results: Specific results on the effectiveness of MyDayPlan on increasing the level of physical activity in adults between 18 and 65 years old will be presented at the EHPS conference.
Keywords
Physical Activity, mHealth, Self-Regulation

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Citation

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MLA
Degroote, Laurent. “The Effect of MyDayPlan : a Self-regulation Based mHealth Intervention on Physical Activity Levels in Adults : a Pilot Study.” EHPS Conference, Abstracts. 2018. Print.
APA
Degroote, Laurent. (2018). The effect of MyDayPlan : a self-regulation based mHealth intervention on physical activity levels in adults : a pilot study. EHPS conference, Abstracts. Presented at the EHPS Conference 2018.
Chicago author-date
Degroote, Laurent. 2018. “The Effect of MyDayPlan : a Self-regulation Based mHealth Intervention on Physical Activity Levels in Adults : a Pilot Study.” In EHPS Conference, Abstracts.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Degroote, Laurent. 2018. “The Effect of MyDayPlan : a Self-regulation Based mHealth Intervention on Physical Activity Levels in Adults : a Pilot Study.” In EHPS Conference, Abstracts.
Vancouver
1.
Degroote L. The effect of MyDayPlan : a self-regulation based mHealth intervention on physical activity levels in adults : a pilot study. EHPS conference, Abstracts. 2018.
IEEE
[1]
L. Degroote, “The effect of MyDayPlan : a self-regulation based mHealth intervention on physical activity levels in adults : a pilot study,” in EHPS conference, Abstracts, Galway, Ireland, 2018.
@inproceedings{8573700,
  abstract     = {{Background: Physical inactivity is one of the major risk factors for poor health in the world. Therefore, effective interventions that promote physical activity are needed. Web-based interventions typically have small intervention effects on adults’health behavior because they primarily target processes leading to an intention to change leaving individuals in an intention-behaviour gap.  Furthermore, these interventions often allow users to set long-term goals to be more physically active.  These goals are not regularly adapted and are therefore not tailored to the individual and the daily context in which the users find themselves. This is detrimental to the feasibility of the predetermined goal and consequently to the effectiveness of the intervention. Hence, we developed an mHealth intervention for adults, i.e. ‘MyDayPlan’, which includes self-regulation techniques to guide users during the process towards behaviour change. By using these self-regulation techniques, such as action planning, coping planning and self-monitoring the intention-behaviour gap could be bridged. In existing, commercial apps, very general objectives are set by the user and the context in which it stands are used. In this app, this is countered by requesting users to make a daily plan on physical activity in the morning morning (taking into account the context of the day e.g. their planning, the weather, their physical fitness, mental state, ...)(= action planning). They also have to formulate possible obstacles possible solutions (= coping planning). At the end of the day they reflect on whether or not they have achieved their objective (= self-monitoring). 
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of ‘MyDayPlan’ in increasing the level of physical activity in adults between 18 and 65 years old.
Methods: A convenience sample of 50 participants between 18 and 65 years old who did not meet the recommendations of 30 minutes moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (=MVPA) were recruited to take part of this study (both men and women). They were recruited by mail. In this study we use an ABAB reversal design in which the different phases lasted for one week. The A phases were the control phases in which the participants did not use the app and the B phases were the phases in which the participants used the app. During the full duration of the study (1 month), participants wore an ActiGraph accelerometer during waking hours (at the hip). The data of these accelerometers were analysed to evaluate the effectiveness of MyDayPlan on increasing the level of physical activity.
Results: Specific results on the effectiveness of MyDayPlan on increasing the level of physical activity in adults between 18 and 65 years old will be presented at the EHPS conference.}},
  author       = {{Degroote, Laurent}},
  booktitle    = {{EHPS conference, Abstracts}},
  keywords     = {{Physical Activity,mHealth,Self-Regulation}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  location     = {{Galway, Ireland}},
  title        = {{The effect of MyDayPlan : a self-regulation based mHealth intervention on physical activity levels in adults : a pilot study}},
  year         = {{2018}},
}