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E-bikes among older adults : benefits, disadvantages, usage and crash characteristics

(2019) TRANSPORTATION. 46(6). p.2151-2172
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Abstract
The promotion of sustainable and healthy mobility among older adults (>= 65 years) is an important challenge. E-bikes may be part of the solution, but research about e-bike use among older adults is scarce. The current study aims to examine e-bikes' purchase reasons, benefits and disadvantages, purposes and amount of use, substitution effects and crash characteristics among older e-bike users. Additionally, it examines differences between men and women. In Flanders (Belgium), 357 older e-bike users completed an online- or interview-version of the same questionnaire. Among men and women, the most prevalent reason for e-bike purchase was to bike with less effort (24.1%). The most important benefit of e-bike use was to be able to bike longer distances (35.0%). E-bikes' heavy weight was the most frequently reported disadvantage (33.3%). Men more frequently reported battery issues, but also that they do not experience any disadvantage. Women more frequently reported fear of falling/injuries. Participants used their e-bikes for various purposes. Men more frequently reported to cycle for recreation alone while women used the e-bike more for social reasons. E-bikes predominantly replaced trips by conventional bike (72.0%) and car (50.7%). About one quarter (27.5%) had experienced an e-bike crash, most frequently caused by an uneven or slippery surface (26.5%). To promote active ageing, policy initiatives could include strategies aimed at stimulating e-bike use. These strategies should focus on emphasizing the identified benefits, reducing the disadvantages and increasing e-bike safety. Research in countries with less favorable cycling cultures is necessary to confirm current findings.
Keywords
Pedelecs, Seniors, Sustainable mobility, Bicycling, Active ageing, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, BICYCLE, HEALTH, SAFETY, EXPERIENCES, MOTIVATORS, VALIDITY, MOBILITY, TRAVEL, LIFE

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Van Cauwenberg, Jelle, et al. “E-Bikes among Older Adults : Benefits, Disadvantages, Usage and Crash Characteristics.” TRANSPORTATION, vol. 46, no. 6, 2019, pp. 2151–72.
APA
Van Cauwenberg, J., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Clarys, P., de Geus, B., & Deforche, B. (2019). E-bikes among older adults : benefits, disadvantages, usage and crash characteristics. TRANSPORTATION, 46(6), 2151–2172.
Chicago author-date
Van Cauwenberg, Jelle, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys, Bas de Geus, and Benedicte Deforche. 2019. “E-Bikes among Older Adults : Benefits, Disadvantages, Usage and Crash Characteristics.” TRANSPORTATION 46 (6): 2151–72.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Cauwenberg, Jelle, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys, Bas de Geus, and Benedicte Deforche. 2019. “E-Bikes among Older Adults : Benefits, Disadvantages, Usage and Crash Characteristics.” TRANSPORTATION 46 (6): 2151–2172.
Vancouver
1.
Van Cauwenberg J, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Clarys P, de Geus B, Deforche B. E-bikes among older adults : benefits, disadvantages, usage and crash characteristics. TRANSPORTATION. 2019;46(6):2151–72.
IEEE
[1]
J. Van Cauwenberg, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, P. Clarys, B. de Geus, and B. Deforche, “E-bikes among older adults : benefits, disadvantages, usage and crash characteristics,” TRANSPORTATION, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 2151–2172, 2019.
@article{8573569,
  abstract     = {The promotion of sustainable and healthy mobility among older adults (>= 65 years) is an important challenge. E-bikes may be part of the solution, but research about e-bike use among older adults is scarce. The current study aims to examine e-bikes' purchase reasons, benefits and disadvantages, purposes and amount of use, substitution effects and crash characteristics among older e-bike users. Additionally, it examines differences between men and women. In Flanders (Belgium), 357 older e-bike users completed an online- or interview-version of the same questionnaire. Among men and women, the most prevalent reason for e-bike purchase was to bike with less effort (24.1%). The most important benefit of e-bike use was to be able to bike longer distances (35.0%). E-bikes' heavy weight was the most frequently reported disadvantage (33.3%). Men more frequently reported battery issues, but also that they do not experience any disadvantage. Women more frequently reported fear of falling/injuries. Participants used their e-bikes for various purposes. Men more frequently reported to cycle for recreation alone while women used the e-bike more for social reasons. E-bikes predominantly replaced trips by conventional bike (72.0%) and car (50.7%). About one quarter (27.5%) had experienced an e-bike crash, most frequently caused by an uneven or slippery surface (26.5%). To promote active ageing, policy initiatives could include strategies aimed at stimulating e-bike use. These strategies should focus on emphasizing the identified benefits, reducing the disadvantages and increasing e-bike safety. Research in countries with less favorable cycling cultures is necessary to confirm current findings.},
  author       = {Van Cauwenberg, Jelle and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Clarys, Peter and de Geus, Bas and Deforche, Benedicte},
  issn         = {0049-4488},
  journal      = {TRANSPORTATION},
  keywords     = {Pedelecs,Seniors,Sustainable mobility,Bicycling,Active ageing,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,BICYCLE,HEALTH,SAFETY,EXPERIENCES,MOTIVATORS,VALIDITY,MOBILITY,TRAVEL,LIFE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {2151--2172},
  title        = {E-bikes among older adults : benefits, disadvantages, usage and crash characteristics},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11116-018-9919-y},
  volume       = {46},
  year         = {2019},
}

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