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Importation, deprivation, and ideation: considering suicide behind prison bars

Louis Favril (UGent)
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Abstract
Introduction: Prisoners constitute a high-risk group for suicide. Although suicidal ideation represents a valid target for suicide prevention, a paucity of research has been devoted to this outcome among prisoners. Aim: In order to address this void, the present study sought to investigate correlates of recent suicidal ideation among male prisoners in Flanders, Belgium. Methods: A random, representative sample (N = 1203) was recruited from 15 Flemish prisons, representing one in four incarcerated men throughout the Flanders prison estate. Results: A lifetime history of suicidal ideation and attempts was self-reported by 43.1% and 20.3% of male participants, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified several mutually independent correlates; both imported vulnerabilities (psychiatric diagnoses and a history of attempted suicide) and variables unique to the prison experience (lack of working activity, exposure to suicidal behaviour by peers, and low levels of perceived autonomy, safety and social support) were associated with significantly higher odds of recent suicidal ideation while incarcerated. Conclusion: Collectively, the current findings underscore the importance of both vulnerability factors and prison-specific stressors for suicidal ideation in male prisoners, and hence the need for a multi-faceted approach to suicide prevention in custodial settings.
Keywords
suicide, prison, suicidal ideation, prevention

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Favril, Louis. “Importation, Deprivation, and Ideation: Considering Suicide behind Prison Bars.” 17th European Symposium on Suicide & Suicidal Behaviour (ESSSB), 2018.
APA
Favril, L. (2018). Importation, deprivation, and ideation: considering suicide behind prison bars. In 17th European Symposium on Suicide & Suicidal Behaviour (ESSSB). Ghent.
Chicago author-date
Favril, Louis. 2018. “Importation, Deprivation, and Ideation: Considering Suicide behind Prison Bars.” In 17th European Symposium on Suicide & Suicidal Behaviour (ESSSB).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Favril, Louis. 2018. “Importation, Deprivation, and Ideation: Considering Suicide behind Prison Bars.” In 17th European Symposium on Suicide & Suicidal Behaviour (ESSSB).
Vancouver
1.
Favril L. Importation, deprivation, and ideation: considering suicide behind prison bars. In: 17th European Symposium on Suicide & Suicidal Behaviour (ESSSB). 2018.
IEEE
[1]
L. Favril, “Importation, deprivation, and ideation: considering suicide behind prison bars,” in 17th European Symposium on Suicide & Suicidal Behaviour (ESSSB), Ghent, 2018.
@inproceedings{8573042,
  abstract     = {{Introduction: Prisoners constitute a high-risk group for suicide. Although suicidal ideation represents a valid target for suicide prevention, a paucity of research has been devoted to this outcome among prisoners. Aim: In order to address this void, the present study sought to investigate correlates of recent suicidal ideation among male prisoners in Flanders, Belgium. Methods: A random, representative sample (N = 1203) was recruited from 15 Flemish prisons, representing one in four incarcerated men throughout the Flanders prison estate. Results: A lifetime history of suicidal ideation and attempts was self-reported by 43.1% and 20.3% of male participants, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified several mutually independent correlates; both imported vulnerabilities (psychiatric diagnoses and a history of attempted suicide) and variables unique to the prison experience (lack of working activity, exposure to suicidal behaviour by peers, and low levels of perceived autonomy, safety and social support) were associated with significantly higher odds of recent suicidal ideation while incarcerated. Conclusion: Collectively, the current findings underscore the importance of both vulnerability factors and prison-specific stressors for suicidal ideation in male prisoners, and hence the need for a multi-faceted approach to suicide prevention in custodial settings.}},
  author       = {{Favril, Louis}},
  booktitle    = {{17th European Symposium on Suicide & Suicidal Behaviour (ESSSB)}},
  keywords     = {{suicide,prison,suicidal ideation,prevention}},
  language     = {{und}},
  location     = {{Ghent}},
  title        = {{Importation, deprivation, and ideation: considering suicide behind prison bars}},
  year         = {{2018}},
}