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Accessibility versus air pollution : a geography of externalities in the Brussels agglomeration

(2019) CITIES. 84. p.178-189
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Abstract
This paper proposes a novel approach to investigate the geography of accessibility and air pollution and tests it on the case of the Brussels Capital Region. First, we find a strong positive correlation between accessibility and air pollution, highlighting a trade-off that exists between two emblematic but antithetical externalities of agglomerations. Next, we focus on the outliers that escape this trade-off and we develop a methodology to combine their respective levels of accessibility and air pollution into a 'desirability' indicator. Finally, we analyse the distribution of the most and the least desirable neighbourhoods across the city: while we observe flagrant patterns of inequality, these do not reflect the socio-economic structure of the region, in apparent contrast with the literature on transport justice and environmental justice. The results show how positive and negative socio-ecological externalities can be two sides of the same agglomeration coin. The methodology proves to be relevant to further comparative research and policy making concerned with promoting a balanced progress of social, economic and environmental priorities.
Keywords
Air pollution, Accessibility, Agglomeration effects, Spatial justice, EXPOSURE, INDICATORS, DEMAND, PRICES, HEALTH, CITY

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MLA
da Schio, Nicola, et al. “Accessibility versus Air Pollution : A Geography of Externalities in the Brussels Agglomeration.” CITIES, vol. 84, 2019, pp. 178–89.
APA
da Schio, N., Boussauw, K., & Sansen, J. (2019). Accessibility versus air pollution : a geography of externalities in the Brussels agglomeration. CITIES, 84, 178–189.
Chicago author-date
Schio, Nicola da, Kobe Boussauw, and Joren Sansen. 2019. “Accessibility versus Air Pollution : A Geography of Externalities in the Brussels Agglomeration.” CITIES 84: 178–89.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
da Schio, Nicola, Kobe Boussauw, and Joren Sansen. 2019. “Accessibility versus Air Pollution : A Geography of Externalities in the Brussels Agglomeration.” CITIES 84: 178–189.
Vancouver
1.
da Schio N, Boussauw K, Sansen J. Accessibility versus air pollution : a geography of externalities in the Brussels agglomeration. CITIES. 2019;84:178–89.
IEEE
[1]
N. da Schio, K. Boussauw, and J. Sansen, “Accessibility versus air pollution : a geography of externalities in the Brussels agglomeration,” CITIES, vol. 84, pp. 178–189, 2019.
@article{8572627,
  abstract     = {This paper proposes a novel approach to investigate the geography of accessibility and air pollution and tests it on the case of the Brussels Capital Region. First, we find a strong positive correlation between accessibility and air pollution, highlighting a trade-off that exists between two emblematic but antithetical externalities of agglomerations. Next, we focus on the outliers that escape this trade-off and we develop a methodology to combine their respective levels of accessibility and air pollution into a 'desirability' indicator. Finally, we analyse the distribution of the most and the least desirable neighbourhoods across the city: while we observe flagrant patterns of inequality, these do not reflect the socio-economic structure of the region, in apparent contrast with the literature on transport justice and environmental justice. The results show how positive and negative socio-ecological externalities can be two sides of the same agglomeration coin. The methodology proves to be relevant to further comparative research and policy making concerned with promoting a balanced progress of social, economic and environmental priorities.},
  author       = {da Schio, Nicola and Boussauw, Kobe and Sansen, Joren},
  issn         = {0264-2751},
  journal      = {CITIES},
  keywords     = {Air pollution,Accessibility,Agglomeration effects,Spatial justice,EXPOSURE,INDICATORS,DEMAND,PRICES,HEALTH,CITY},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {178--189},
  title        = {Accessibility versus air pollution : a geography of externalities in the Brussels agglomeration},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2018.08.006},
  volume       = {84},
  year         = {2019},
}

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