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Older E-bike users : demographic, health, mobility characteristics, and cycling levels

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Abstract
Purpose: Electric bicycles (e-bikes) may offer an opportunity to stimulate physical activity among older adults. The current study compared Flemish (Belgian) older e-bike users with those not using an e-bike on sociodemographics, health characteristics, and access to motorized transport. In addition, it examined the association between e-bike use and levels of cycling and the moderating effects of sex, body mass index (BMI), and cycling limitations. Methods: An online or interview version of the same questionnaire was completed by 1146 participants. Data were analyzed using logistic regression and hurdle models. Results: Women, those with a higher BMI, and those with one (compared with no) motorized vehicle in the household had higher odds of being an e-bike user. E-bike use was related to higher odds of having cycled for transport in the past week, and this relationship was stronger among those with a higher BMI (low BMI: odds ratio, 1.89; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.24-2.91; high BMI: odds ratio, 3.34; 95% CI, 2.26-5.00). Among those who cycled for transport in the last week, e-bike use was associated with 35% more minutes of cycling for transport (95% CI, 17%-56%). E-bike use was related to 183% higher odds of having biked for recreation (95% CI, 115%-274%). Among women and those with cycling limitations who cycled for recreation in the last week, e-bike use was also related to 57% (95% CI, 18%-109%) and 180% (95% CI, 63%-381%) more minutes of cycling for recreation, respectively. Conclusion: E-bikes may provide an opportunity to promote cycling among older adults, particularly among subgroups at risk for physical inactivity.
Keywords
physical activity & health, PEDELECS, MOBILITY, SENIORS, ACTIVE AGEING, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, ELECTRIC BICYCLES, ADULTS

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Chicago
Van Cauwenberg, Jelle, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys, Bas De Geus, and Benedicte Deforche. 2018. “Older E-bike Users : Demographic, Health, Mobility Characteristics, and Cycling Levels.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 50 (9): 1780–1789.
APA
Van Cauwenberg, J., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Clarys, P., De Geus, B., & Deforche, B. (2018). Older E-bike users : demographic, health, mobility characteristics, and cycling levels. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 50(9), 1780–1789.
Vancouver
1.
Van Cauwenberg J, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Clarys P, De Geus B, Deforche B. Older E-bike users : demographic, health, mobility characteristics, and cycling levels. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE. 2018;50(9):1780–9.
MLA
Van Cauwenberg, Jelle, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys, et al. “Older E-bike Users : Demographic, Health, Mobility Characteristics, and Cycling Levels.” MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE 50.9 (2018): 1780–1789. Print.
@article{8571691,
  abstract     = {Purpose: Electric bicycles (e-bikes) may offer an opportunity to stimulate physical activity among older adults. The current study compared Flemish (Belgian) older e-bike users with those not using an e-bike on sociodemographics, health characteristics, and access to motorized transport. In addition, it examined the association between e-bike use and levels of cycling and the moderating effects of sex, body mass index (BMI), and cycling limitations. 
Methods: An online or interview version of the same questionnaire was completed by 1146 participants. Data were analyzed using logistic regression and hurdle models. 
Results: Women, those with a higher BMI, and those with one (compared with no) motorized vehicle in the household had higher odds of being an e-bike user. E-bike use was related to higher odds of having cycled for transport in the past week, and this relationship was stronger among those with a higher BMI (low BMI: odds ratio, 1.89; 95\% confidence interval (CI), 1.24-2.91; high BMI: odds ratio, 3.34; 95\% CI, 2.26-5.00). Among those who cycled for transport in the last week, e-bike use was associated with 35\% more minutes of cycling for transport (95\% CI, 17\%-56\%). E-bike use was related to 183\% higher odds of having biked for recreation (95\% CI, 115\%-274\%). Among women and those with cycling limitations who cycled for recreation in the last week, e-bike use was also related to 57\% (95\% CI, 18\%-109\%) and 180\% (95\% CI, 63\%-381\%) more minutes of cycling for recreation, respectively. 
Conclusion: E-bikes may provide an opportunity to promote cycling among older adults, particularly among subgroups at risk for physical inactivity.},
  author       = {Van Cauwenberg, Jelle and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Clarys, Peter and De Geus, Bas and Deforche, Benedicte},
  issn         = {0195-9131},
  journal      = {MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {1780--1789},
  title        = {Older E-bike users : demographic, health, mobility characteristics, and cycling levels},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000001638},
  volume       = {50},
  year         = {2018},
}

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