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Estimated dietary intake of polyphenols in European adolescents : the HELENA study

(2019) EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 58(6). p.2345-2363
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Abstract
Purpose: Knowledge about polyphenols intakes and their determinants among adolescents might be helpful for planning targeted prevention strategies at an early age. Methods: In the European multicenter cross-sectional HELENA study of 2006-2007, 2428 subjects (47% boys) had data on dietary intake of polyphenols from 2 non-consecutive 24 h recalls via linking with the Phenol-Explorer database. Differences by sex, age, country, BMI, maternal education, paternal education, family affluence, smoking status, alcohol use, and physical activity were explored by linear regression. Results: Median, lower and upper quartiles of polyphenol intakes were 326, 167 and 564 mg/day, respectively. Polyphenol intake was significantly higher in the oldest (16-17.49 years), girls, non-Mediterranean countries, lowest BMI, highest paternal education, and alcohol consumers. Main food contributors were fruit (23%, mainly apple and pear, i.e., 16.3%); chocolate products (19.2%); and fruit and vegetable juices (15.6%). Main polyphenol classes were flavonoids (75-76% of total) and phenolic acids (17-19% of total). The three most consumed polyphenols were proanthocyanidin polymers (> 10 mers), hesperidin, and proanthocyanidin 4-6 oligomers. Conclusion: The current study provided for the first time numbers on the total polyphenol intake and their main food sources in a heterogeneous group of European adolescents. Major differences with adult populations are the lower polyphenol consumption and the major food sources, such as chocolate and biscuits. The discussed determinants and polyphenol types already point to some important population groups that need to be targeted in future public health initiatives.
Keywords
Polyphenol, Consumption, Food contributors, HELENA, Determinants, Mediterranean, HEALTHY LIFE-STYLE, MAJOR FOOD SOURCES, FLAVONOID INTAKE, NUTRITION, POPULATION, CANCER, DETERMINANTS, WORLDWIDE, OBESITY, HABITS

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MLA
Wisnuwardani, Ratih Wirapuspita, et al. “Estimated Dietary Intake of Polyphenols in European Adolescents : The HELENA Study.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, vol. 58, no. 6, 2019, pp. 2345–63.
APA
Wisnuwardani, R. W., De Henauw, S., Androutsos, O., Forsner, M., Gottrand, F., Huybrechts, I., … Michels, N. (2019). Estimated dietary intake of polyphenols in European adolescents : the HELENA study. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 58(6), 2345–2363.
Chicago author-date
Wisnuwardani, Ratih Wirapuspita, Stefaan De Henauw, Odysseas Androutsos, Maria Forsner, Frédéric Gottrand, Inge Huybrechts, Viktoria Knaze, et al. 2019. “Estimated Dietary Intake of Polyphenols in European Adolescents : The HELENA Study.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 58 (6): 2345–63.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Wisnuwardani, Ratih Wirapuspita, Stefaan De Henauw, Odysseas Androutsos, Maria Forsner, Frédéric Gottrand, Inge Huybrechts, Viktoria Knaze, Mathilde Kersting, Cinzia Le Donne, Ascensión Marcos, Dénes Molnár, Joseph A Rothwell, Augustin Scalbert, Michael Sjöström, Kurt Widhalm, Luis A Moreno, and Nathalie Michels. 2019. “Estimated Dietary Intake of Polyphenols in European Adolescents : The HELENA Study.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 58 (6): 2345–2363.
Vancouver
1.
Wisnuwardani RW, De Henauw S, Androutsos O, Forsner M, Gottrand F, Huybrechts I, et al. Estimated dietary intake of polyphenols in European adolescents : the HELENA study. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 2019;58(6):2345–63.
IEEE
[1]
R. W. Wisnuwardani et al., “Estimated dietary intake of polyphenols in European adolescents : the HELENA study,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 2345–2363, 2019.
@article{8571671,
  abstract     = {Purpose: Knowledge about polyphenols intakes and their determinants among adolescents might be helpful for planning targeted prevention strategies at an early age.
Methods: In the European multicenter cross-sectional HELENA study of 2006-2007, 2428 subjects (47% boys) had data on dietary intake of polyphenols from 2 non-consecutive 24 h recalls via linking with the Phenol-Explorer database. Differences by sex, age, country, BMI, maternal education, paternal education, family affluence, smoking status, alcohol use, and physical activity were explored by linear regression.
Results: Median, lower and upper quartiles of polyphenol intakes were 326, 167 and 564 mg/day, respectively. Polyphenol intake was significantly higher in the oldest (16-17.49 years), girls, non-Mediterranean countries, lowest BMI, highest paternal education, and alcohol consumers. Main food contributors were fruit (23%, mainly apple and pear, i.e., 16.3%); chocolate products (19.2%); and fruit and vegetable juices (15.6%). Main polyphenol classes were flavonoids (75-76% of total) and phenolic acids (17-19% of total). The three most consumed polyphenols were proanthocyanidin polymers (> 10 mers), hesperidin, and proanthocyanidin 4-6 oligomers.
Conclusion: The current study provided for the first time numbers on the total polyphenol intake and their main food sources in a heterogeneous group of European adolescents. Major differences with adult populations are the lower polyphenol consumption and the major food sources, such as chocolate and biscuits. The discussed determinants and polyphenol types already point to some important population groups that need to be targeted in future public health initiatives.},
  author       = {Wisnuwardani, Ratih Wirapuspita and De Henauw, Stefaan and Androutsos, Odysseas and Forsner, Maria and Gottrand, Frédéric and Huybrechts, Inge and Knaze, Viktoria and Kersting, Mathilde and Le Donne, Cinzia and Marcos, Ascensión and Molnár, Dénes and Rothwell, Joseph A and Scalbert, Augustin and Sjöström, Michael and Widhalm, Kurt and Moreno, Luis A and Michels, Nathalie},
  issn         = {1436-6207},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION},
  keywords     = {Polyphenol,Consumption,Food contributors,HELENA,Determinants,Mediterranean,HEALTHY LIFE-STYLE,MAJOR FOOD SOURCES,FLAVONOID INTAKE,NUTRITION,POPULATION,CANCER,DETERMINANTS,WORLDWIDE,OBESITY,HABITS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {2345--2363},
  title        = {Estimated dietary intake of polyphenols in European adolescents : the HELENA study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-018-1787-x},
  volume       = {58},
  year         = {2019},
}

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