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Fossil fuel subsidy reform : an international norm perspective

Thijs Van de Graaf (UGent) and Mathieu Blondeel (UGent)
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Abstract
This chapter seeks to explain the top-down emergence and incomplete diffusion of fossil fuel subsidy reform as an international norm. Our focus lies on the international level. We first trace the long history of multilateral efforts to address fossil fuel subsidies, before interpreting the role of norm entrepreneurs, political opportunity structures and discursive contestation. A key conclusion that emerges from this is that the norm of fossil fuel subsidy reform remains essentially contested. In contrast to the established international consensus over how to define agriculture and fisheries subsidies, no common definition of energy subsidies has emerged, which hinders implementation of the norm. The norm of fossil fuel subsidy reform thus follows a broader pattern, recently identified by constructivist norm scholars, whereby very general norms have weak normative power because they permit a very wide range of interpretations.
Keywords
fossil fuel subsidies, international norms

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MLA
Van de Graaf, Thijs, and Mathieu Blondeel. “Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform : an International Norm Perspective.” The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Their Reform. Ed. Jakob Skovgaard & Harro van Asselt. Cambridge University Press, 2018. 83–99. Print.
APA
Van de Graaf, Thijs, & Blondeel, M. (2018). Fossil fuel subsidy reform : an international norm perspective. In J. Skovgaard & H. van Asselt (Eds.), The politics of fossil fuel subsidies and their reform (pp. 83–99). Cambridge University Press.
Chicago author-date
Van de Graaf, Thijs, and Mathieu Blondeel. 2018. “Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform : an International Norm Perspective.” In The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Their Reform, ed. Jakob Skovgaard and Harro van Asselt, 83–99. Cambridge University Press.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van de Graaf, Thijs, and Mathieu Blondeel. 2018. “Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform : an International Norm Perspective.” In The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Their Reform, ed. Jakob Skovgaard and Harro van Asselt, 83–99. Cambridge University Press.
Vancouver
1.
Van de Graaf T, Blondeel M. Fossil fuel subsidy reform : an international norm perspective. In: Skovgaard J, van Asselt H, editors. The politics of fossil fuel subsidies and their reform. Cambridge University Press; 2018. p. 83–99.
IEEE
[1]
T. Van de Graaf and M. Blondeel, “Fossil fuel subsidy reform : an international norm perspective,” in The politics of fossil fuel subsidies and their reform, J. Skovgaard and H. van Asselt, Eds. Cambridge University Press, 2018, pp. 83–99.
@incollection{8571235,
  abstract     = {This chapter seeks to explain the top-down emergence and incomplete diffusion of fossil fuel subsidy reform as an international norm. Our focus lies on the international level. We first trace the long history of multilateral efforts to address fossil fuel subsidies, before interpreting the role of norm entrepreneurs, political opportunity structures and discursive contestation. A key conclusion that emerges from this is that the norm of fossil fuel subsidy reform remains
essentially contested. In contrast to the established international consensus over how to define agriculture and fisheries subsidies, no common definition of energy subsidies has emerged, which hinders implementation of the norm. The norm of fossil fuel subsidy reform thus follows a broader pattern, recently identified by constructivist norm scholars, whereby very general norms have weak normative power because they permit a very wide range of interpretations.},
  author       = {Van de Graaf, Thijs and Blondeel, Mathieu},
  booktitle    = {The politics of fossil fuel subsidies and their reform},
  editor       = {Skovgaard, Jakob and van Asselt, Harro},
  isbn         = {9781108241946},
  keywords     = {fossil fuel subsidies,international norms},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {83--99},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  title        = {Fossil fuel subsidy reform : an international norm perspective},
  url          = {https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/politics-of-fossil-fuel-subsidies-and-their-reform/fossil-fuel-subsidy-reform/5CA9F830778142E3F0A093469A11F218},
  year         = {2018},
}