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Does attention bias modification training impact on task performance in the context of pain : an experimental study in healthy participants

Dimitri Van Ryckeghem (UGent) , Stefaan Van Damme (UGent) and Tine Vervoort (UGent)
(2018) PLOS ONE. 13(7).
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Abstract
Attention has been theorized to play a key role in the experience of pain and associated task interference. Training attention away from pain via attention bias modification (ABM) training techniques has been proposed to improve pain-related outcomes, but evidence is inconsistent. In an experimental study, we investigated the impact of a single session ABM training -using a visual probe paradigm with idiosyncratic pain words- on cold pressor test (CPT) pain experience and task interference by pain. Fifty-eight healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to an ABM training group (N= 28; attending away from pain) and a sham training group (N= 30; no training direction). At pre-training, participants performed a baseline Random-Interval-Repetition (RIR) task and the CPT. Participants reported on sensations they experienced during the baseline CPT. Relevant descriptors were integrated in the visual probe paradigm during the training phase. At post-training, participants completed the RIR task again while experiencing CPT pain. Participants also reported on the extent they attended to the pain and the intensity/unpleasantness of the pain. Results indicated that, in contrast with our hypotheses, ABM training did also not reduce task interference due to CPT pain. Furthermore, ABM training did not change self-reported attending to CPT pain. Finally, ABM training did not reduce CPT pain intensity or pain unpleasantness. Overall, the current study provides no support for the effectiveness of a single session ABM training in improving pain-related outcomes. Future research addressing the conditions under which ABM training improves or fails to improve pain-related outcomes is warranted.
Keywords
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER, CATASTROPHIZING, SCALE, CLINICAL-TRIAL, DOUBLE-BLIND, DISTRACTION, INFORMATION, METAANALYSIS, EFFICACY, WORDS

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Citation

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Chicago
Van Ryckeghem, Dimitri, Stefaan Van Damme, and Tine Vervoort. 2018. “Does Attention Bias Modification Training Impact on Task Performance in the Context of Pain : an Experimental Study in Healthy Participants.” Plos One 13 (7).
APA
Van Ryckeghem, Dimitri, Van Damme, S., & Vervoort, T. (2018). Does attention bias modification training impact on task performance in the context of pain : an experimental study in healthy participants. PLOS ONE, 13(7).
Vancouver
1.
Van Ryckeghem D, Van Damme S, Vervoort T. Does attention bias modification training impact on task performance in the context of pain : an experimental study in healthy participants. PLOS ONE. San francisco: Public Library Science; 2018;13(7).
MLA
Van Ryckeghem, Dimitri, Stefaan Van Damme, and Tine Vervoort. “Does Attention Bias Modification Training Impact on Task Performance in the Context of Pain : an Experimental Study in Healthy Participants.” PLOS ONE 13.7 (2018): n. pag. Print.
@article{8570684,
  abstract     = {Attention has been theorized to play a key role in the experience of pain and associated task interference. Training attention away from pain via attention bias modification (ABM) training techniques has been proposed to improve pain-related outcomes, but evidence is inconsistent. In an experimental study, we investigated the impact of a single session ABM training -using a visual probe paradigm with idiosyncratic pain words- on cold pressor test (CPT) pain experience and task interference by pain. Fifty-eight healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to an ABM training group (N= 28; attending away from pain) and a sham training group (N= 30; no training direction). At pre-training, participants performed a baseline Random-Interval-Repetition (RIR) task and the CPT. Participants reported on sensations they experienced during the baseline CPT. Relevant descriptors were integrated in the visual probe paradigm during the training phase. At post-training, participants completed the RIR task again while experiencing CPT pain. Participants also reported on the extent they attended to the pain and the intensity/unpleasantness of the pain. Results indicated that, in contrast with our hypotheses, ABM training did also not reduce task interference due to CPT pain. Furthermore, ABM training did not change self-reported attending to CPT pain. Finally, ABM training did not reduce CPT pain intensity or pain unpleasantness. Overall, the current study provides no support for the effectiveness of a single session ABM training in improving pain-related outcomes. Future research addressing the conditions under which ABM training improves or fails to improve pain-related outcomes is warranted.},
  articleno    = {e0200629},
  author       = {Van Ryckeghem, Dimitri and Van Damme, Stefaan and Vervoort, Tine},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  keyword      = {RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL,SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER,CATASTROPHIZING,SCALE,CLINICAL-TRIAL,DOUBLE-BLIND,DISTRACTION,INFORMATION,METAANALYSIS,EFFICACY,WORDS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {16},
  publisher    = {Public Library Science},
  title        = {Does attention bias modification training impact on task performance in the context of pain : an experimental study in healthy participants},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0200629},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2018},
}

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