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Early sowing and harvesting as effective measures to reduce stalk borer injury, Fusarium verticillioides incidence and associated fumonisin production in maize

(2019) TROPICAL PLANT PATHOLOGY. 44(2). p.151-161
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Abstract
Maize cultivation in Tanzania is hampered by the presence of maize stalk borer (Busseola fusca) and Fusarium verticillioides, causing ear, kernel and stalk damage. Furthermore, accumulation of fumonisin mycotoxins deteriorates grain quality. Optimized agronomic practices remain the primary line of defense against pests and diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to gain insight into the effects of hybrid, sowing and harvest date on injuries due to maize stalk borer, Fusarium verticillioides symptoms and fumonisin contamination in maize grown in Tanzania. The analyses of the data collected during two growing seasons (2013 and 2014) showed early sowing and early harvesting as important measures for minimizing these problems. Although the impact of hybrid was not always significant, the early maturing hybrid STUKA M1 was consistently less susceptible compared to the hybrid STAHA. Correlation analysis revealed that stalk borer injuries, Fusarium symptoms and fumonisin levels were positively associated. The associations between yield and stalk borer injuries, Fusarium symptoms and fumonisin levels were negative, indicating that besides the mycotoxin issues, the insect and fungal pathogen also contribute to yield losses.
Keywords
Zea mays, Busseola fusca, Fusarium, Good Agricultural practices, mycotoxins, ENVIRONMENTAL-FACTORS, PLANTING DATE, CONTAMINATION, MYCOTOXINS, ROT, PREHARVEST, INFECTION, B-1, PROLIFERATUM, AFLATOXIN

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MLA
Madege, Richard Raphael et al. “Early Sowing and Harvesting as Effective Measures to Reduce Stalk Borer Injury, Fusarium Verticillioides Incidence and Associated Fumonisin Production in Maize.” TROPICAL PLANT PATHOLOGY 44.2 (2019): 151–161. Print.
APA
Madege, R. R., Landschoot, S., Kimanya, M., Tiisekwa, B., De Meulenaer, B., Bekaert, B., Audenaert, K., et al. (2019). Early sowing and harvesting as effective measures to reduce stalk borer injury, Fusarium verticillioides incidence and associated fumonisin production in maize. TROPICAL PLANT PATHOLOGY, 44(2), 151–161.
Chicago author-date
Madege, Richard Raphael, Sofie Landschoot, Martin Kimanya, Bendantukuka Tiisekwa, Bruno De Meulenaer, Boris Bekaert, Kris Audenaert, and Geert Haesaert. 2019. “Early Sowing and Harvesting as Effective Measures to Reduce Stalk Borer Injury, Fusarium Verticillioides Incidence and Associated Fumonisin Production in Maize.” Tropical Plant Pathology 44 (2): 151–161.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Madege, Richard Raphael, Sofie Landschoot, Martin Kimanya, Bendantukuka Tiisekwa, Bruno De Meulenaer, Boris Bekaert, Kris Audenaert, and Geert Haesaert. 2019. “Early Sowing and Harvesting as Effective Measures to Reduce Stalk Borer Injury, Fusarium Verticillioides Incidence and Associated Fumonisin Production in Maize.” Tropical Plant Pathology 44 (2): 151–161.
Vancouver
1.
Madege RR, Landschoot S, Kimanya M, Tiisekwa B, De Meulenaer B, Bekaert B, et al. Early sowing and harvesting as effective measures to reduce stalk borer injury, Fusarium verticillioides incidence and associated fumonisin production in maize. TROPICAL PLANT PATHOLOGY. 2019;44(2):151–61.
IEEE
[1]
R. R. Madege et al., “Early sowing and harvesting as effective measures to reduce stalk borer injury, Fusarium verticillioides incidence and associated fumonisin production in maize,” TROPICAL PLANT PATHOLOGY, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 151–161, 2019.
@article{8569408,
  abstract     = {Maize cultivation in Tanzania is hampered by the presence of maize stalk borer (Busseola fusca) and Fusarium verticillioides, causing ear, kernel and stalk damage. Furthermore, accumulation of fumonisin mycotoxins deteriorates grain quality. Optimized agronomic practices remain the primary line of defense against pests and diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to gain insight into the effects of hybrid, sowing and harvest date on injuries due to maize stalk borer, Fusarium verticillioides symptoms and fumonisin contamination in maize grown in Tanzania. The analyses of the data collected during two growing seasons (2013 and 2014) showed early sowing and early harvesting as important measures for minimizing these problems. Although the impact of hybrid was not always significant, the early maturing hybrid STUKA M1 was consistently less susceptible compared to the hybrid STAHA. Correlation analysis revealed that stalk borer injuries, Fusarium symptoms and fumonisin levels were positively associated. The associations between yield and stalk borer injuries, Fusarium symptoms and fumonisin levels were negative, indicating that besides the mycotoxin issues, the insect and fungal pathogen also contribute to yield losses.},
  author       = {Madege, Richard Raphael and Landschoot, Sofie and Kimanya, Martin and Tiisekwa, Bendantukuka and De Meulenaer, Bruno and Bekaert, Boris and Audenaert, Kris and Haesaert, Geert},
  issn         = {1983-2052},
  journal      = {TROPICAL PLANT PATHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {Zea mays,Busseola fusca,Fusarium,Good Agricultural practices,mycotoxins,ENVIRONMENTAL-FACTORS,PLANTING DATE,CONTAMINATION,MYCOTOXINS,ROT,PREHARVEST,INFECTION,B-1,PROLIFERATUM,AFLATOXIN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {151--161},
  title        = {Early sowing and harvesting as effective measures to reduce stalk borer injury, Fusarium verticillioides incidence and associated fumonisin production in maize},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40858-018-0233-1},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2019},
}

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