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Understanding and Resolving Conflict Between Local Communities and Conservation Authorities in Colombia

Kobe De Pourcq UGent, Evert Thomas, Bas Arts, Ann Vranckx, Tomas Leon-Sicard and Patrick Van Damme UGent (2017) WORLD DEVELOPMENT. 93. p.125-135
abstract
Conflicts between indigenous and local communities, on the one hand, and national protected area administrations on the other are pervasive. A better understanding of these park-people conflicts would assist in suitable policy changes to constructively address them while concurrently pursuing conservation and livelihood goals. We interviewed 601 people living inside or along the borders of fifteen Colombian NPAs to identify five main categories of park-people conflicts. Based on interviews with 128 community leaders and 76 institutional-level respondents -mainly park officers- we discuss the five principal factors underlying the identified conflicts and present a conflict framework relating the dominant sources to the most prominent conflict manifestations. Finally, we detail five strategies toward conflict prevention. While simultaneous interventions at multiple levels would be ideal or preferred, our analysis suggests that the incidence of park-people conflicts in Colombia can be substantially lowered through (i) making the environmental legislative body more socially inclusive; and (ii) adequately empowering NPA administrations. We expect our findings to be valuable for managing conflict contexts in protected areas in other tropical countries. Further research is necessary to determine the most effective interventions for both conflict resolution and meeting conservation goals. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
keyword
NATURAL-RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, PROTECTED AREAS, BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION, YUCATAN PENINSULA, FOREST, WAR, POVERTY, PEOPLES, MEXICO, PARKS, protected areas, conflict, indigenous and local communities, environmental policy, Colombia
journal title
WORLD DEVELOPMENT
World Dev.
volume
93
pages
11 pages
publisher
Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd
place of publication
Oxford
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000396973800009
ISSN
0305-750X
DOI
10.1016/j.worlddev.2016.12.026
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
U
id
8569088
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8569088
date created
2018-07-12 13:17:34
date last changed
2018-07-12 13:17:34
@article{8569088,
  abstract     = {Conflicts between indigenous and local communities, on the one hand, and national protected area administrations on the other are pervasive. A better understanding of these park-people conflicts would assist in suitable policy changes to constructively address them while concurrently pursuing conservation and livelihood goals. We interviewed 601 people living inside or along the borders of fifteen Colombian NPAs to identify five main categories of park-people conflicts. Based on interviews with 128 community leaders and 76 institutional-level respondents -mainly park officers- we discuss the five principal factors underlying the identified conflicts and present a conflict framework relating the dominant sources to the most prominent conflict manifestations. Finally, we detail five strategies toward conflict prevention. While simultaneous interventions at multiple levels would be ideal or preferred, our analysis suggests that the incidence of park-people conflicts in Colombia can be substantially lowered through (i) making the environmental legislative body more socially inclusive; and (ii) adequately empowering NPA administrations. We expect our findings to be valuable for managing conflict contexts in protected areas in other tropical countries. Further research is necessary to determine the most effective interventions for both conflict resolution and meeting conservation goals. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {De Pourcq, Kobe and Thomas, Evert and Arts, Bas and Vranckx, Ann and Leon-Sicard, Tomas and Van Damme, Patrick},
  issn         = {0305-750X},
  journal      = {WORLD DEVELOPMENT},
  keyword      = {NATURAL-RESOURCE MANAGEMENT,PROTECTED AREAS,BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION,YUCATAN PENINSULA,FOREST,WAR,POVERTY,PEOPLES,MEXICO,PARKS,protected areas,conflict,indigenous and local communities,environmental policy,Colombia},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {125--135},
  publisher    = {Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd},
  title        = {Understanding and Resolving Conflict Between Local Communities and Conservation Authorities in Colombia},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2016.12.026},
  volume       = {93},
  year         = {2017},
}

Chicago
De Pourcq, Kobe, Evert Thomas, Bas Arts, Ann Vranckx, Tomas Leon-Sicard, and Patrick Van Damme. 2017. “Understanding and Resolving Conflict Between Local Communities and Conservation Authorities in Colombia.” World Development 93: 125–135.
APA
De Pourcq, Kobe, Thomas, E., Arts, B., Vranckx, A., Leon-Sicard, T., & Van Damme, P. (2017). Understanding and Resolving Conflict Between Local Communities and Conservation Authorities in Colombia. WORLD DEVELOPMENT, 93, 125–135.
Vancouver
1.
De Pourcq K, Thomas E, Arts B, Vranckx A, Leon-Sicard T, Van Damme P. Understanding and Resolving Conflict Between Local Communities and Conservation Authorities in Colombia. WORLD DEVELOPMENT. Oxford: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd; 2017;93:125–35.
MLA
De Pourcq, Kobe, Evert Thomas, Bas Arts, et al. “Understanding and Resolving Conflict Between Local Communities and Conservation Authorities in Colombia.” WORLD DEVELOPMENT 93 (2017): 125–135. Print.