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Preliminary results of Resistive Plate Chambers operated with eco-friendly gas mixtures for application in the CMS experiment

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Abstract
The operations of Resistive Plate Chambers in LHC experiments require Fluorine based (F-based) gases for optimal performance. Recent European regulations demand the use of environmentally unfriendly F-based gases to be limited or banned. In view of the CMS experiment upgrade, several tests are ongoing to measure the performance of the detector with these new ecological gas mixtures, in terms of efficiency, streamer probability, induced charge and time resolution. Prototype chambers with readout pads and with the standard CMS electronic setup are under test. In this paper preliminary results on performance of RPCs operated with a potential eco-friendly gas candidate 1,3,3,3-Tetrafluoropropene, commercially known as HFO-1234ze, with CO2 and CF3I based gas mixtures are presented and discussed for the possible application in the CMS experiment.

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Chicago
Abbrescia, M., P. Van Auwegem, L. Benussi, S. Bianco, S. Cauwenbergh, M. Ferrini, S. Muhammad, et al. 2016. “Preliminary Results of Resistive Plate Chambers Operated with Eco-friendly Gas Mixtures for Application in the CMS Experiment.” Journal of Instrumentation 11.
APA
Abbrescia, M., Van Auwegem, P., Benussi, L., Bianco, S., Cauwenbergh, S., Ferrini, M., Muhammad, S., et al. (2016). Preliminary results of Resistive Plate Chambers operated with eco-friendly gas mixtures for application in the CMS experiment. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, 11. Presented at the 13th Workshop on Resistive Plate Chambers and Related Detectors.
Vancouver
1.
Abbrescia M, Van Auwegem P, Benussi L, Bianco S, Cauwenbergh S, Ferrini M, et al. Preliminary results of Resistive Plate Chambers operated with eco-friendly gas mixtures for application in the CMS experiment. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION. Feb 22-26, 2016; 2016;11.
MLA
Abbrescia, M., P. Van Auwegem, L. Benussi, et al. “Preliminary Results of Resistive Plate Chambers Operated with Eco-friendly Gas Mixtures for Application in the CMS Experiment.” JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION 11 (2016): n. pag. Print.
@article{8568526,
  abstract     = {The operations of Resistive Plate Chambers in LHC experiments require Fluorine based (F-based) gases for optimal performance. Recent European regulations demand the use of environmentally unfriendly F-based gases to be limited or banned. In view of the CMS experiment upgrade, several tests are ongoing to measure the performance of the detector with these new ecological gas mixtures, in terms of efficiency, streamer probability, induced charge and time resolution. Prototype chambers with readout pads and with the standard CMS electronic setup are under test. In this paper preliminary results on performance of RPCs operated with a potential eco-friendly gas candidate 1,3,3,3-Tetrafluoropropene, commercially known as HFO-1234ze, with CO2 and CF3I based gas mixtures are presented and discussed for the possible application in the CMS experiment.},
  articleno    = {C09018},
  author       = {Abbrescia, M. and Van Auwegem, P. and Benussi, L. and Bianco, S. and Cauwenbergh, S. and Ferrini, M. and Muhammad, S. and Passamonti, L. and Pierluigi, D. and Piccolo, D. and Primavera, F. and Russo, A. and Saviano, G. and Tytgat, Michael},
  issn         = {1748-0221},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION},
  location     = {Ghent, BELGIUM},
  title        = {Preliminary results of Resistive Plate Chambers operated with eco-friendly gas mixtures for application in the CMS experiment},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/11/09/C09018},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2016},
}

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