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Supplementing goat kids with coconut medium chain fatty acids in early life influences growth and rumen papillae development until 4 months after supplementation but effects on in vitro methane emissions and the rumen microbiota are transient

(2018) JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE. 96(5). p.1978-1995
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Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the methane (CH4) reducing potential of a combination of prenatal and/or postnatal treatment with coconut oil medium chain fatty acids (CO MCFA) in goat kids. The hypothesis is that influencing rumen function during early life has more chances for success than in the adult life, related to the resilience of the mature rumen microbiota. Forty-eight pregnant does were split into two experimental groups: treated does (D+) received 40 g/d of CO MCFA in a test compound feed, while control does (D-) received a control compound feed, during the last 3 wk of gestation. Twin kids from 10 does of each group were split up into a treated (K+) and nontreated (K-) group, resulting in four experimental groups: D+ K+, D+ K-, D-K+, and D-K-. The K+ kids received 1.8 mL/d of CO MCFA from birth until 2-wk postweaning (11 wk). Irrespective of treatment, the experimental rearing conditions resulted in absence of rumen protozoa at all sampling times, assessed by quantitative PCR (qPCR). In vitro incubations with rumen fluid at 4 wk old showed 82% lower CH4 production of inoculum from D+ K+ kids compared to D-K-kids (P = 0.01). However, this was accompanied by lower total volatile fatty acids (tVFA) production (P = 0.006) and higher hydrogen accumulation (P = 0.008). QPCR targeting the mcrA and rrs genes confirmed a lower abundance of total methanogens (P < 0.02) and total eubacteria (P = 0.02) in D+ K+ kids at 4 wk old. Methanogenic activity, as assessed by mcrA expression by RT-qPCR, was also lower in these kids. However, activity did not always reflect methanogen abundance. At 11 and 28 wk old, prenatal and postnatal effects on in vitro fermentation and rumen microbiota disappeared. Nevertheless, lower milk replacer intake in the first 4 wk resulted in reduced BW in K+ kids, persisting until 28 wk of age. Additionally, differences assigned to postnatal treatment were found in papillae density, width, and length in different areas of the rumen, recorded at 28 wk old. Conclusion: prenatal and postnatal supplementation with CO MCFA reduced in vitro CH4 emissions until 4 wk old by depressing methanogen abundance and activity but at the expense of rumen fermentation and eubacterial abundance. Unfortunately, daily gain of K+ kids was suppressed. Some rumen papillae characteristics differed at 28 wk old due to postnatal treatment which ended at 11 wk old, indicating rumen papillary development can be affected by the early-life nutritional circumstances.
Keywords
goat kids, in vitro enteric methane, medium chain fatty acids, prenatal/postnatal programming, (RT-)qPCR, rumen papillae, REAL-TIME PCR, REDUCE METHANOGENESIS, RUMINAL FERMENTATION, BACTERIAL COMMUNITY, ANIMAL PERFORMANCE, CILIATE PROTOZOA, NEONATAL CALVES, MERINO LAMBS, OIL, DIVERSITY

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Chicago
Debruyne, Sieglinde, Alexis Ruiz González, Einar Artiles Ortega, Bart Ampe, Wim Van Den Broeck, Ellen De Keyser, Leen Vandaele, Karen Goossens, and Veerle Fievez. 2018. “Supplementing Goat Kids with Coconut Medium Chain Fatty Acids in Early Life Influences Growth and Rumen Papillae Development Until 4 Months After Supplementation but Effects on in Vitro Methane Emissions and the Rumen Microbiota Are Transient.” Journal of Animal Science 96 (5): 1978–1995.
APA
Debruyne, S., Ruiz González, A., Artiles Ortega, E., Ampe, B., Van Den Broeck, W., De Keyser, E., Vandaele, L., et al. (2018). Supplementing goat kids with coconut medium chain fatty acids in early life influences growth and rumen papillae development until 4 months after supplementation but effects on in vitro methane emissions and the rumen microbiota are transient. JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, 96(5), 1978–1995.
Vancouver
1.
Debruyne S, Ruiz González A, Artiles Ortega E, Ampe B, Van Den Broeck W, De Keyser E, et al. Supplementing goat kids with coconut medium chain fatty acids in early life influences growth and rumen papillae development until 4 months after supplementation but effects on in vitro methane emissions and the rumen microbiota are transient. JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE. 2018;96(5):1978–95.
MLA
Debruyne, Sieglinde et al. “Supplementing Goat Kids with Coconut Medium Chain Fatty Acids in Early Life Influences Growth and Rumen Papillae Development Until 4 Months After Supplementation but Effects on in Vitro Methane Emissions and the Rumen Microbiota Are Transient.” JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE 96.5 (2018): 1978–1995. Print.
@article{8566994,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study was to investigate the methane (CH4) reducing potential of a combination of prenatal and/or postnatal treatment with coconut oil medium chain fatty acids (CO MCFA) in goat kids. The hypothesis is that influencing rumen function during early life has more chances for success than in the adult life, related to the resilience of the mature rumen microbiota. Forty-eight pregnant does were split into two experimental groups: treated does (D+) received 40 g/d of CO MCFA in a test compound feed, while control does (D-) received a control compound feed, during the last 3 wk of gestation. Twin kids from 10 does of each group were split up into a treated (K+) and nontreated (K-) group, resulting in four experimental groups: D+ K+, D+ K-, D-K+, and D-K-. The K+ kids received 1.8 mL/d of CO MCFA from birth until 2-wk postweaning (11 wk). Irrespective of treatment, the experimental rearing conditions resulted in absence of rumen protozoa at all sampling times, assessed by quantitative PCR (qPCR). In vitro incubations with rumen fluid at 4 wk old showed 82\% lower CH4 production of inoculum from D+ K+ kids compared to D-K-kids (P = 0.01). However, this was accompanied by lower total volatile fatty acids (tVFA) production (P = 0.006) and higher hydrogen accumulation (P = 0.008). QPCR targeting the mcrA and rrs genes confirmed a lower abundance of total methanogens (P {\textlangle} 0.02) and total eubacteria (P = 0.02) in D+ K+ kids at 4 wk old. Methanogenic activity, as assessed by mcrA expression by RT-qPCR, was also lower in these kids. However, activity did not always reflect methanogen abundance. At 11 and 28 wk old, prenatal and postnatal effects on in vitro fermentation and rumen microbiota disappeared. Nevertheless, lower milk replacer intake in the first 4 wk resulted in reduced BW in K+ kids, persisting until 28 wk of age. Additionally, differences assigned to postnatal treatment were found in papillae density, width, and length in different areas of the rumen, recorded at 28 wk old. Conclusion: prenatal and postnatal supplementation with CO MCFA reduced in vitro CH4 emissions until 4 wk old by depressing methanogen abundance and activity but at the expense of rumen fermentation and eubacterial abundance. Unfortunately, daily gain of K+ kids was suppressed. Some rumen papillae characteristics differed at 28 wk old due to postnatal treatment which ended at 11 wk old, indicating rumen papillary development can be affected by the early-life nutritional circumstances.},
  author       = {Debruyne, Sieglinde and Ruiz Gonz{\'a}lez, Alexis and Artiles Ortega, Einar and Ampe, Bart and Van Den Broeck, Wim and De Keyser, Ellen and Vandaele, Leen and Goossens, Karen and Fievez, Veerle},
  issn         = {0021-8812},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1978--1995},
  title        = {Supplementing goat kids with coconut medium chain fatty acids in early life influences growth and rumen papillae development until 4 months after supplementation but effects on in vitro methane emissions and the rumen microbiota are transient},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jas/sky070},
  volume       = {96},
  year         = {2018},
}

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