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Recreational athletes’ running motivations as predictors of their use of online fitness community features

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Abstract
Fitness wearables and apps provide users with quantified information about their exercise behaviour. Users often access this information on online fitness communities (OFCs) such as RunKeeper or Strava. These OFCs do not only provide feedback on the user's performance but also offer social features. To date, little is known about the extent to which the different features in OFCs answer to users' motivations to exercise. This study addresses this question, by examining (1) whether there are differences in motivations for running between OFC users and non-users and (2) whether the use of particular features is driven by particular running motivations. A survey study was conducted among 717 runners, of which 57% used an OFC to support running activities. Results demonstrate that OFC users are more achievement-oriented than non-OFC users, especially regarding the attainment of personal goals. OFC users with physical motivations (e.g. weight loss) use self-regulatory features more frequently, while runners with social motivations more often use features that afford them to share activities on social media. Achievement-oriented runners appreciate features that allow them to track their progress and interact with other OFC users. No relation was found between the use of OFC features and psychological motivations for running.
Keywords
Online fitness communities, self-determination theory, wearables, affordances, running motivations, SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIALS, SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY, HEALTH BEHAVIOR-CHANGE, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, TRAINING HABITS, EXERCISE, SPORT, PARTICIPATION, INTERVENTION

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MLA
Stragier, Jeroen, Mariek Vanden Abeele, and Lieven De Marez. “Recreational Athletes’ Running Motivations as Predictors of Their Use of Online Fitness Community Features.” BEHAVIOUR & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 37.8 (2018): 815–827. Print.
APA
Stragier, J., Vanden Abeele, M., & De Marez, L. (2018). Recreational athletes’ running motivations as predictors of their use of online fitness community features. BEHAVIOUR & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, 37(8), 815–827.
Chicago author-date
Stragier, Jeroen, Mariek Vanden Abeele, and Lieven De Marez. 2018. “Recreational Athletes’ Running Motivations as Predictors of Their Use of Online Fitness Community Features.” Behaviour & Information Technology 37 (8): 815–827.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Stragier, Jeroen, Mariek Vanden Abeele, and Lieven De Marez. 2018. “Recreational Athletes’ Running Motivations as Predictors of Their Use of Online Fitness Community Features.” Behaviour & Information Technology 37 (8): 815–827.
Vancouver
1.
Stragier J, Vanden Abeele M, De Marez L. Recreational athletes’ running motivations as predictors of their use of online fitness community features. BEHAVIOUR & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. 2018;37(8):815–27.
IEEE
[1]
J. Stragier, M. Vanden Abeele, and L. De Marez, “Recreational athletes’ running motivations as predictors of their use of online fitness community features,” BEHAVIOUR & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 815–827, 2018.
@article{8565784,
  abstract     = {Fitness wearables and apps provide users with quantified information about their exercise behaviour. Users often access this information on online fitness communities (OFCs) such as RunKeeper or Strava. These OFCs do not only provide feedback on the user's performance but also offer social features. To date, little is known about the extent to which the different features in OFCs answer to users' motivations to exercise. This study addresses this question, by examining (1) whether there are differences in motivations for running between OFC users and non-users and (2) whether the use of particular features is driven by particular running motivations. A survey study was conducted among 717 runners, of which 57% used an OFC to support running activities. Results demonstrate that OFC users are more achievement-oriented than non-OFC users, especially regarding the attainment of personal goals. OFC users with physical motivations (e.g. weight loss) use self-regulatory features more frequently, while runners with social motivations more often use features that afford them to share activities on social media. Achievement-oriented runners appreciate features that allow them to track their progress and interact with other OFC users. No relation was found between the use of OFC features and psychological motivations for running.},
  author       = {Stragier, Jeroen and Vanden Abeele, Mariek and De Marez, Lieven},
  issn         = {0144-929X},
  journal      = {BEHAVIOUR & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY},
  keywords     = {Online fitness communities,self-determination theory,wearables,affordances,running motivations,SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY,RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIALS,SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY,HEALTH BEHAVIOR-CHANGE,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,TRAINING HABITS,EXERCISE,SPORT,PARTICIPATION,INTERVENTION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {815--827},
  title        = {Recreational athletes’ running motivations as predictors of their use of online fitness community features},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0144929x.2018.1484516},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2018},
}

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