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Resilience of public and private security providers : a state-of-the-art literature review

Vanessa Laureys (UGent) and Marleen Easton (UGent)
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Abstract
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the empirical literature on the resilience of public police officers and private security guards in stressful situations involving threats, violence, accidents or death. This paper studies the definitions of resilience used in these professions, identifies trends in applied research methods and examines the main topics addressed in previous research. Design/methodology/approach A scoping review was carried out, with searches in Web of Science and Google Scholar, as well as a secondary manual screening in Dutch academic journals. Based on this review, 33 empirical studies were included in the current paper. Findings First, it was revealed that a clear-cut definition of resilience applied to public police and private security guards is currently lacking. Second, predominantly quantitative designs were found to be used in the selected studies. Third, the 33 empirical studies provided insights on four main topics: demographic factors, personal characteristics, interpersonal aspects and resilience training programs. Remarkably, this scoping review did not find any empirical research on the resilience of private security guards. Originality/value This study systematically integrates the findings of empirical research on the resilience of security providers to stressful situations. The documentation of research activity, gaps and inconsistencies in the literature offer direction for future research in this relatively new field of study.
Keywords
resilience, police, private security, Police, Resilience, Private security, Stressful situations, POLICE OFFICERS, TRAJECTORIES, DISTRESS, STRESS, RESPONDERS, VIOLENCE, ADVERSITY, CORTISOL, BURNOUT, TRAUMA

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MLA
Laureys, Vanessa, and Marleen Easton. “Resilience of Public and Private Security Providers : A State-of-the-Art Literature Review.” POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT, vol. 42, no. 2, 2019, pp. 126–40, doi:10.1108/PIJPSM-09-2017-0114.
APA
Laureys, V., & Easton, M. (2019). Resilience of public and private security providers : a state-of-the-art literature review. POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT, 42(2), 126–140. https://doi.org/10.1108/PIJPSM-09-2017-0114
Chicago author-date
Laureys, Vanessa, and Marleen Easton. 2019. “Resilience of Public and Private Security Providers : A State-of-the-Art Literature Review.” POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT 42 (2): 126–40. https://doi.org/10.1108/PIJPSM-09-2017-0114.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Laureys, Vanessa, and Marleen Easton. 2019. “Resilience of Public and Private Security Providers : A State-of-the-Art Literature Review.” POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT 42 (2): 126–140. doi:10.1108/PIJPSM-09-2017-0114.
Vancouver
1.
Laureys V, Easton M. Resilience of public and private security providers : a state-of-the-art literature review. POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT. 2019;42(2):126–40.
IEEE
[1]
V. Laureys and M. Easton, “Resilience of public and private security providers : a state-of-the-art literature review,” POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 126–140, 2019.
@article{8565745,
  abstract     = {Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the empirical literature on the resilience of public police officers and private security guards in stressful situations involving threats, violence, accidents or death. This paper studies the definitions of resilience used in these professions, identifies trends in applied research methods and examines the main topics addressed in previous research. Design/methodology/approach A scoping review was carried out, with searches in Web of Science and Google Scholar, as well as a secondary manual screening in Dutch academic journals. Based on this review, 33 empirical studies were included in the current paper. Findings First, it was revealed that a clear-cut definition of resilience applied to public police and private security guards is currently lacking. Second, predominantly quantitative designs were found to be used in the selected studies. Third, the 33 empirical studies provided insights on four main topics: demographic factors, personal characteristics, interpersonal aspects and resilience training programs. Remarkably, this scoping review did not find any empirical research on the resilience of private security guards. Originality/value This study systematically integrates the findings of empirical research on the resilience of security providers to stressful situations. The documentation of research activity, gaps and inconsistencies in the literature offer direction for future research in this relatively new field of study.},
  author       = {Laureys, Vanessa and Easton, Marleen},
  issn         = {1363-951X},
  journal      = {POLICING-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF POLICE STRATEGIES & MANAGEMENT},
  keywords     = {resilience,police,private security,Police,Resilience,Private security,Stressful situations,POLICE OFFICERS,TRAJECTORIES,DISTRESS,STRESS,RESPONDERS,VIOLENCE,ADVERSITY,CORTISOL,BURNOUT,TRAUMA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {126--140},
  title        = {Resilience of public and private security providers : a state-of-the-art literature review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/PIJPSM-09-2017-0114},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2019},
}

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