Advanced search
1 file | 136.17 KB

Equality of opportunity

Author
Organization
Abstract
Equality of opportunity is a theory in which personal responsibility plays a central part in determining whether a social system is just. Individuals are held responsible for some characteristics, called efforts, and not responsible for other characteristics, called circumstances. Marc Fleurbaey and Walter Bossert point out that this results in two principles: On the one hand, differences in outcomes that are due to differences in circumstances are objectionable. On the other hand, effort should be adequately rewarded. The former is called the compensation principle, the latter the reward principle. The three dominant theories about what people are responsible for are responsibility for choice, responsibility for preferences, and responsibility for control. This entry explains these theories, what they mean in terms of equality of opportunity, and how they propose to measure inequality of opportunity. It discusses recent empirical applications and how they link with theories of responsibility. Finally, further issues associated with theories of equality of opportunity are pointed out.
Keywords
Equality of opportunity

Downloads

  • 2017SAGE EoPB pdf.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 136.17 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Van de gaer, Dirk. 2017. “Equality of Opportunity.” In The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political Behavior, ed. Fathali Moghaddam, 255–257. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.
APA
Van de gaer, D. (2017). Equality of opportunity. In F. Moghaddam (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of political behavior (pp. 255–257). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Vancouver
1.
Van de gaer D. Equality of opportunity. In: Moghaddam F, editor. The SAGE encyclopedia of political behavior. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.; 2017. p. 255–7.
MLA
Van de gaer, Dirk. “Equality of Opportunity.” The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political Behavior. Ed. Fathali Moghaddam. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc., 2017. 255–257. Print.
@incollection{8565228,
  abstract     = {Equality of opportunity is a theory in which personal responsibility plays a central part in determining whether a social system is just. Individuals are held responsible for some characteristics, called efforts, and not responsible for other characteristics, called circumstances. Marc Fleurbaey and Walter Bossert point out that this results in two principles: On the one hand, differences in outcomes that are due to differences in circumstances are objectionable. On the other hand, effort should be adequately rewarded. The former is called the compensation principle, the latter the reward principle.
The three dominant theories about what people are responsible for are responsibility for choice, responsibility for preferences, and responsibility for control. This entry explains these theories, what they mean in terms of equality of opportunity, and how they propose to measure inequality of opportunity. It discusses recent empirical applications and how they link with theories of responsibility. Finally, further issues associated with theories of equality of opportunity are pointed out.
},
  author       = {Van de gaer, Dirk},
  booktitle    = {The SAGE encyclopedia of political behavior},
  editor       = {Moghaddam, Fathali},
  isbn         = {9781483391168},
  keyword      = {Equality of opportunity},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {255--257},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications, Inc.},
  title        = {Equality of opportunity},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483391144.n120},
  year         = {2017},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric