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Equality of Opportunity

Dirk Van de gaer UGent (2017) The SAGE Encyclopedia of political behavior. p.255-257
abstract
Equality of opportunity is a theory in which personal responsibility plays a central part in determining whether a social system is just. Individuals are held responsible for some characteristics, called efforts, and not responsible for other characteristics, called circumstances. Marc Fleurbaey and Walter Bossert point out that this results in two principles: On the one hand, differences in outcomes that are due to differences in circumstances are objectionable. On the other hand, effort should be adequately rewarded. The former is called the compensation principle, the latter the reward principle. The three dominant theories about what people are responsible for are responsibility for choice, responsibility for preferences, and responsibility for control. This entry explains these theories, what they mean in terms of equality of opportunity, and how they propose to measure inequality of opportunity. It discusses recent empirical applications and how they link with theories of responsibility. Finally, further issues associated with theories of equality of opportunity are pointed out.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
bookChapter
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Equality of opportunity
book title
The SAGE Encyclopedia of political behavior
editor
Fathali Moghaddam
pages
3 pages
publisher
SAGE Publications, Inc.
place of publication
Thousand Oaks
ISBN
9781483391168
9781483391144
DOI
10.4135/9781483391144.n120
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
U
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
8565228
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8565228
alternative location
http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483391144.n120
date created
2018-06-14 06:41:37
date last changed
2018-06-14 06:41:37
@incollection{8565228,
  abstract     = {Equality of opportunity is a theory in which personal responsibility plays a central part in determining whether a social system is just. Individuals are held responsible for some characteristics, called efforts, and not responsible for other characteristics, called circumstances. Marc Fleurbaey and Walter Bossert point out that this results in two principles: On the one hand, differences in outcomes that are due to differences in circumstances are objectionable. On the other hand, effort should be adequately rewarded. The former is called the compensation principle, the latter the reward principle.
The three dominant theories about what people are responsible for are responsibility for choice, responsibility for preferences, and responsibility for control. This entry explains these theories, what they mean in terms of equality of opportunity, and how they propose to measure inequality of opportunity. It discusses recent empirical applications and how they link with theories of responsibility. Finally, further issues associated with theories of equality of opportunity are pointed out.
},
  author       = {Van de gaer, Dirk},
  booktitle    = {The SAGE Encyclopedia of political behavior},
  editor       = {Moghaddam, Fathali},
  isbn         = {9781483391168},
  keyword      = {Equality of opportunity},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {255--257},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications, Inc.},
  title        = {Equality of Opportunity},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483391144.n120},
  year         = {2017},
}

Chicago
Van de gaer, Dirk. 2017. “Equality of Opportunity.” In The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political Behavior, ed. Fathali Moghaddam, 255–257. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.
APA
Van de gaer, D. (2017). Equality of Opportunity. In F. Moghaddam (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of political behavior (pp. 255–257). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Vancouver
1.
Van de gaer D. Equality of Opportunity. In: Moghaddam F, editor. The SAGE Encyclopedia of political behavior. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.; 2017. p. 255–7.
MLA
Van de gaer, Dirk. “Equality of Opportunity.” The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political Behavior. Ed. Fathali Moghaddam. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc., 2017. 255–257. Print.