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The patient perspective in health care networks

Kasper Raus (UGent) , Eric Mortier (UGent) and Kristof Eeckloo (UGent)
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Abstract
Background: Health care organization is entering a new age. Focus is increasingly shifting from individual health care institutions to interorganizational collaboration and health care networks. Much hope is set on such networks which have been argued to improve economic efficiency and quality of care. However, this does not automatically mean they are always ethically justified. A relevant question that remains is what ethical obligations or duties one can ascribe to these networks especially because networks involve many risks. Due to their often amorphous and complex structure, collective responsibility and accountability may increase while individual responsibility goes down. Main body: We argue that a business ethics approach to ethical obligations for health care networks, is problematic and we propose to opt for a patient perspective. Using the classic four principles of biomedical ethics (justice, nonmaleficence, beneficence and autonomy) it is possible to identify specific ethical duties. Based on the principle of justice, health care networks have an ethical duty to provide just and fair access for all patients and to be transparent to patients about how access is regulated. The principle of nonmaleficence implies an obligation to guarantee patient safety, whereas the principle of beneficence implies an obligation for health care networks to guarantee continuity of care in all its dimensions. Finally, the principle of autonomy is translated into a specific obligation to promote and respect patient choice. Networks that fail to meet any of these conditions are suspect and cannot be justified ethically. Conclusions: Faced with daunting challenges, the health care system is changing rapidly. Currently many hopes ride on integrated care and broad health care networks. Such networks are the topic of empirical debate, but more attention should be given to the ethical aspects. Health care networks raise new and pressing ethical issues and we are in need of a framework for assessing how and when such networks are justified.
Keywords
Health care networks, Health care organization, Ethical duties, Patient perspective, Normative framework, BUSINESS ETHICS, WAITING-TIMES, ORGANIZATIONS, PRINCIPLES, RESPONSIBILITY, GOVERNANCE, IMPROVE, PRIVACY, VOLUME

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Raus, Kasper, Eric Mortier, and Kristof Eeckloo. “The Patient Perspective in Health Care Networks.” BMC MEDICAL ETHICS 19 (2018): n. pag. Print.
APA
Raus, K., Mortier, E., & Eeckloo, K. (2018). The patient perspective in health care networks. BMC MEDICAL ETHICS, 19.
Chicago author-date
Raus, Kasper, Eric Mortier, and Kristof Eeckloo. 2018. “The Patient Perspective in Health Care Networks.” Bmc Medical Ethics 19.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Raus, Kasper, Eric Mortier, and Kristof Eeckloo. 2018. “The Patient Perspective in Health Care Networks.” Bmc Medical Ethics 19.
Vancouver
1.
Raus K, Mortier E, Eeckloo K. The patient perspective in health care networks. BMC MEDICAL ETHICS. 2018;19.
IEEE
[1]
K. Raus, E. Mortier, and K. Eeckloo, “The patient perspective in health care networks,” BMC MEDICAL ETHICS, vol. 19, 2018.
@article{8565167,
  abstract     = {Background: Health care organization is entering a new age. Focus is increasingly shifting from individual health care institutions to interorganizational collaboration and health care networks. Much hope is set on such networks which have been argued to improve economic efficiency and quality of care. However, this does not automatically mean they are always ethically justified. A relevant question that remains is what ethical obligations or duties one can ascribe to these networks especially because networks involve many risks. Due to their often amorphous and complex structure, collective responsibility and accountability may increase while individual responsibility goes down.
Main body: We argue that a business ethics approach to ethical obligations for health care networks, is problematic and we propose to opt for a patient perspective. Using the classic four principles of biomedical ethics (justice, nonmaleficence, beneficence and autonomy) it is possible to identify specific ethical duties. Based on the principle of justice, health care networks have an ethical duty to provide just and fair access for all patients and to be transparent to patients about how access is regulated. The principle of nonmaleficence implies an obligation to guarantee patient safety, whereas the principle of beneficence implies an obligation for health care networks to guarantee continuity of care in all its dimensions. Finally, the principle of autonomy is translated into a specific obligation to promote and respect patient choice. Networks that fail to meet any of these conditions are suspect and cannot be justified ethically.
Conclusions: Faced with daunting challenges, the health care system is changing rapidly. Currently many hopes ride on integrated care and broad health care networks. Such networks are the topic of empirical debate, but more attention should be given to the ethical aspects. Health care networks raise new and pressing ethical issues and we are in need of a framework for assessing how and when such networks are justified.},
  articleno    = {52},
  author       = {Raus, Kasper and Mortier, Eric and Eeckloo, Kristof},
  issn         = {1472-6939},
  journal      = {BMC MEDICAL ETHICS},
  keywords     = {Health care networks,Health care organization,Ethical duties,Patient perspective,Normative framework,BUSINESS ETHICS,WAITING-TIMES,ORGANIZATIONS,PRINCIPLES,RESPONSIBILITY,GOVERNANCE,IMPROVE,PRIVACY,VOLUME},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {8},
  title        = {The patient perspective in health care networks},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12910-018-0298-x},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2018},
}

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