Advanced search
1 file | 2.15 MB

Catalytic upgrading of biomass-derived vapors on carbon aerogel-supported Ni : effect of temperature, metal cluster size and catalyst-to-biomass ratio

(2018) FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY. 178. p.251-261
Author
Organization
Abstract
A comprehensive study of carbon aerogel-supported nickel (Ni/CAG) in the catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP) of torrefied Eucalyptus globulus was performed in a micropyrolysis unit (Py-GCMS). Effects of pyrolysis temperatures (450-600 degrees C), catalyst-to-biomass ratio (1:1 < C-to-B < 10:1) and metal cluster sizes (9.6 < D-pi < 21) on upgrading reactions were analyzed. Catalysts were characterized by N-2 adsorption-desorption at 77 K, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Regardless the use of catalysts, the pyrolysis vapors produced from torrefied biomass were depleted in carboxylic acids (selectivity < 7%). Furthermore, the CFP decreased the selectivity to furans and ketones by almost 50%, while phenols increased in a similar proportion. Despite the similarities in the selectivity distribution of these functional groups in all the CFP experiments, their internal composition was rather different owing to the changes in temperature, C-to-B ratio and catalyst cluster sizes. Ni/CAG was active for hydrogenation under H-2-depleted atmosphere, presumably by a synergistic effect between water gas shift and reforming reactions with transalkylation and decarbonylation of phenolics and furanics. It was demonstrated that metal cluster sizes influenced the reaction routes by favoring hydrogenation on metal facets and deoxygenation on step/comers sites.
Keywords
Carbon aerogel, Catalytic fast pyrolysis, Torrefaction, Reaction route, FAST PYROLYSIS, BIO-OIL, EUCALYPTUS-GLOBULUS, TORREFACTION, FUELS, DEOXYGENATION, NANOCELLULOSE, HYDROCARBONS, QUALITY, CRUDE

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 2.15 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Arteaga-Pérez, Luis E, Romel Jiménez, Nicolas Grob, Oscar Gómez, Romina Romero, and Frederik Ronsse. 2018. “Catalytic Upgrading of Biomass-derived Vapors on Carbon Aerogel-supported Ni : Effect of Temperature, Metal Cluster Size and Catalyst-to-biomass Ratio.” Fuel Processing Technology 178: 251–261.
APA
Arteaga-Pérez, L. E., Jiménez, R., Grob, N., Gómez, O., Romero, R., & Ronsse, F. (2018). Catalytic upgrading of biomass-derived vapors on carbon aerogel-supported Ni : effect of temperature, metal cluster size and catalyst-to-biomass ratio. FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY, 178, 251–261.
Vancouver
1.
Arteaga-Pérez LE, Jiménez R, Grob N, Gómez O, Romero R, Ronsse F. Catalytic upgrading of biomass-derived vapors on carbon aerogel-supported Ni : effect of temperature, metal cluster size and catalyst-to-biomass ratio. FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY. 2018;178:251–61.
MLA
Arteaga-Pérez, Luis E, Romel Jiménez, Nicolas Grob, et al. “Catalytic Upgrading of Biomass-derived Vapors on Carbon Aerogel-supported Ni : Effect of Temperature, Metal Cluster Size and Catalyst-to-biomass Ratio.” FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY 178 (2018): 251–261. Print.
@article{8564928,
  abstract     = {A comprehensive study of carbon aerogel-supported nickel (Ni/CAG) in the catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP) of torrefied Eucalyptus globulus was performed in a micropyrolysis unit (Py-GCMS). Effects of pyrolysis temperatures (450-600 degrees C), catalyst-to-biomass ratio (1:1 < C-to-B < 10:1) and metal cluster sizes (9.6 < D-pi < 21) on upgrading reactions were analyzed. Catalysts were characterized by N-2 adsorption-desorption at 77 K, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Regardless the use of catalysts, the pyrolysis vapors produced from torrefied biomass were depleted in carboxylic acids (selectivity < 7%). Furthermore, the CFP decreased the selectivity to furans and ketones by almost 50%, while phenols increased in a similar proportion. Despite the similarities in the selectivity distribution of these functional groups in all the CFP experiments, their internal composition was rather different owing to the changes in temperature, C-to-B ratio and catalyst cluster sizes. Ni/CAG was active for hydrogenation under H-2-depleted atmosphere, presumably by a synergistic effect between water gas shift and reforming reactions with transalkylation and decarbonylation of phenolics and furanics. It was demonstrated that metal cluster sizes influenced the reaction routes by favoring hydrogenation on metal facets and deoxygenation on step/comers sites.},
  author       = {Arteaga-Pérez, Luis E and Jiménez, Romel and Grob, Nicolas and Gómez, Oscar and Romero, Romina and Ronsse, Frederik},
  issn         = {0378-3820},
  journal      = {FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY},
  keywords     = {Carbon aerogel,Catalytic fast pyrolysis,Torrefaction,Reaction route,FAST PYROLYSIS,BIO-OIL,EUCALYPTUS-GLOBULUS,TORREFACTION,FUELS,DEOXYGENATION,NANOCELLULOSE,HYDROCARBONS,QUALITY,CRUDE},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {251--261},
  title        = {Catalytic upgrading of biomass-derived vapors on carbon aerogel-supported Ni : effect of temperature, metal cluster size and catalyst-to-biomass ratio},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2018.05.036},
  volume       = {178},
  year         = {2018},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: