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Evaluation of biological properties and fate in the environment of a new class of biosurfactants

(2018) CHEMOSPHERE. 200. p.561-568
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Abstract
Selected sophorolipid quaternary ammonium salts (SQAS), being a new class of modified biosurfactants, were studied in this work for the first time with regard to their biodegradability and fate in the environment. It was made to find whether environment-friendly bioproducts like biosurfactants are still safe to the environment after their chemical modification. The susceptibility of these SQAS for biodegradation was estimated together with the evaluation of their influence on activated sludge microorganisms. Additionally, the mechanisms of removal of the SQAS from wastewater and from the aquatic environment, were analysed. The evaluated SQAS were potentially biodegradable, although none of them could be classified as readily biodegradable. The biodegradation degrees after 28 days ranged from 4 to 42%, dependent on the SQAS tested, i.e. below the required OECD 301D Closed Bottle Test level of 60%. Simultaneously, the analysis of the mass spectra revealed the presence of the breakdown products of each SQAS studied. Biodegradation was preceded by sorption of the SQAS on sludge particles, which occurred to be a main mechanism of the removal of these newly synthesized biosurfactants from wastewater. The mean degree of sorption calculated on the basis of SQAS determination was from 75 to 96%, dependent on the studied SQAS. The presence of SQAS in wastewater did not deteriorate the operation of the activated sludge system, although the products of the SQAS biodegradation remained in the liquid phase and might contribute to the increase of COD of the effluent to be introduced to the environment.
Keywords
Biodegradability, Kinetics, Newbiosurfactants, Removal, Sorption

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Liwarska-Bizukoj, E., E. Olejnik, Elisabeth Delbeke, Kevin Van Geem, and C.V. Stevens. 2018. “Evaluation of Biological Properties and Fate in the Environment of a New Class of Biosurfactants.” Chemosphere 200: 561–568.
APA
Liwarska-Bizukoj, E., Olejnik, E., Delbeke, E., Van Geem, K., & Stevens, C. V. (2018). Evaluation of biological properties and fate in the environment of a new class of biosurfactants. CHEMOSPHERE, 200, 561–568.
Vancouver
1.
Liwarska-Bizukoj E, Olejnik E, Delbeke E, Van Geem K, Stevens CV. Evaluation of biological properties and fate in the environment of a new class of biosurfactants. CHEMOSPHERE. 2018;200:561–8.
MLA
Liwarska-Bizukoj, E., E. Olejnik, Elisabeth Delbeke, et al. “Evaluation of Biological Properties and Fate in the Environment of a New Class of Biosurfactants.” CHEMOSPHERE 200 (2018): 561–568. Print.
@article{8564922,
  abstract     = {Selected sophorolipid quaternary ammonium salts (SQAS), being a new class of modified biosurfactants, were studied in this work for the first time with regard to their biodegradability and fate in the environment. It was made to find whether environment-friendly bioproducts like biosurfactants are still safe to the environment after their chemical modification. The susceptibility of these SQAS for biodegradation was estimated together with the evaluation of their influence on activated sludge microorganisms. Additionally, the mechanisms of removal of the SQAS from wastewater and from the aquatic environment, were analysed. The evaluated SQAS were potentially biodegradable, although none of them could be classified as readily biodegradable. The biodegradation degrees after 28 days ranged from 4 to 42\%, dependent on the SQAS tested, i.e. below the required OECD 301D Closed Bottle Test level of 60\%. Simultaneously, the analysis of the mass spectra revealed the presence of the breakdown products of each SQAS studied. Biodegradation was preceded by sorption of the SQAS on sludge particles, which occurred to be a main mechanism of the removal of these newly synthesized biosurfactants from wastewater. The mean degree of sorption calculated on the basis of SQAS determination was from 75 to 96\%, dependent on the studied SQAS. The presence of SQAS in wastewater did not deteriorate the operation of the activated sludge system, although the products of the SQAS biodegradation remained in the liquid phase and might contribute to the increase of COD of the effluent to be introduced to the environment.},
  author       = {Liwarska-Bizukoj, E. and Olejnik, E. and Delbeke, Elisabeth and Van Geem, Kevin and Stevens, C.V. },
  issn         = {0045-6535 },
  journal      = {CHEMOSPHERE},
  keyword      = {Biodegradability,Kinetics,Newbiosurfactants,Removal,Sorption},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {561--568},
  title        = {Evaluation of biological properties and fate in the environment of a new class of biosurfactants},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.02.145},
  volume       = {200},
  year         = {2018},
}

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