Advanced search

Do sports stadiums generate crime on days without matches? A natural experiment on the delayed exploitation of criminal opportunities

Author
Organization
Project
An empirical test of crime generators and attractors.
Abstract
Crime pattern theory claims that busy places generate crime through immediate and delayed exploitation. In delayed exploitation, offenders notice criminal opportunities during opening hours but return to exploit them later. This study investigates delayed exploitation by testing whether soccer stadiums locally increase police recorded property crime on non-game days. A soccer stadium closure created a natural experiment. We estimate linear regression difference-in-difference models to compare crime rates on non-game days around the stadium, before and after the closure. The closure reduced non-game day property crime beyond the citywide property crime drop. We conclude that criminogenic effects of busy places extend beyond their opening hours, confirming the delayed exploitation mechanism, and that crime prevention strategies should also target these places outside opening hours.
Keywords
Crime pattern theory, crime generators, property crime, crime hot spot, soccer stadium

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Vandeviver, Christophe, Wim Bernasco, and Stijn Van Daele. 2018. “Do Sports Stadiums Generate Crime on Days Without Matches? A Natural Experiment on the Delayed Exploitation of Criminal Opportunities.” Security Journal .
APA
Vandeviver, C., Bernasco, W., & Van Daele, S. (2018). Do sports stadiums generate crime on days without matches? A natural experiment on the delayed exploitation of criminal opportunities. SECURITY JOURNAL .
Vancouver
1.
Vandeviver C, Bernasco W, Van Daele S. Do sports stadiums generate crime on days without matches? A natural experiment on the delayed exploitation of criminal opportunities. SECURITY JOURNAL . 2018;
MLA
Vandeviver, Christophe, Wim Bernasco, and Stijn Van Daele. “Do Sports Stadiums Generate Crime on Days Without Matches? A Natural Experiment on the Delayed Exploitation of Criminal Opportunities.” SECURITY JOURNAL (2018): n. pag. Print.
@article{8563900,
  abstract     = {Crime pattern theory claims that busy places generate crime through immediate and delayed exploitation. In delayed exploitation, offenders notice criminal opportunities during opening hours but return to exploit them later. This study investigates delayed exploitation by testing whether soccer stadiums locally increase police recorded property crime on non-game days. A soccer stadium closure created a natural experiment. We estimate linear regression difference-in-difference models to compare crime rates on non-game days around the stadium, before and after the closure. The closure reduced non-game day property crime beyond the citywide property crime drop. We conclude that criminogenic effects of busy places extend beyond their opening hours, confirming the delayed exploitation mechanism, and that crime prevention strategies should also target these places outside opening hours. },
  author       = {Vandeviver, Christophe and Bernasco, Wim and Van Daele, Stijn},
  issn         = {0955-1662},
  journal      = {SECURITY JOURNAL },
  keyword      = {Crime pattern theory,crime generators,property crime,crime hot spot,soccer stadium},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Do sports stadiums generate crime on days without matches? A natural experiment on the delayed exploitation of criminal opportunities},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/s41284-018-0142-5},
  year         = {2018},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric