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Synthesizing the role of epigenetics in the response and adaptation of species to climate change in freshwater ecosystems

(2018) MOLECULAR ECOLOGY. 27(13). p.2790-2806
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Abstract
Freshwater ecosystems are amongst the most threatened ecosystems on Earth. Currently, climate change is one of the most important drivers of freshwater transformation and its effects include changes in the composition, biodiversity and functioning of freshwater ecosystems. Understanding the capacity of freshwater species to tolerate the environmental fluctuations induced by climate change is critical to the development of effective conservation strategies. In the last few years, epigenetic mechanisms were increasingly put forward in this context because of their pivotal role in gene-environment interactions. In addition, the evolutionary role of epigenetically inherited phenotypes is a relatively recent but promising field. Here, we examine and synthesize the impacts of climate change on freshwater ecosystems, exploring the potential role of epigenetic mechanisms in both short- and long-term adaptation of species. Following this wrapping-up of current evidence, we particularly focused on bringing together the most promising future research avenues towards a better understanding of the effects of climate change on freshwater biodiversity, specifically highlighting potential molecular targets and the most suitable freshwater species for future epigenetic studies in this context.
Keywords
adaptation, climate change, epigenetic mechanisms, freshwater biodiversity, phenotype, transgenerational epigenetic inheritance, DNA METHYLATION PATTERNS, DAPHNIA-MAGNA, LIFE-HISTORY, PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY, ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA, CYTOSINE METHYLATION, MULTIPLE STRESSORS, MARBLED CRAYFISH, GENETIC EROSION, NONCODING RNAS

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Jeremias, Guilherme, João Barbosa, Sérgio Miguel Marques, Jana Asselman, Fernando JM Gonçalves, and Joana Luísa Pereira. 2018. “Synthesizing the Role of Epigenetics in the Response and Adaptation of Species to Climate Change in Freshwater Ecosystems.” Molecular Ecology 27 (13): 2790–2806.
APA
Jeremias, G., Barbosa, J., Marques, S. M., Asselman, J., Gonçalves, F. J., & Pereira, J. L. (2018). Synthesizing the role of epigenetics in the response and adaptation of species to climate change in freshwater ecosystems. MOLECULAR ECOLOGY, 27(13), 2790–2806.
Vancouver
1.
Jeremias G, Barbosa J, Marques SM, Asselman J, Gonçalves FJ, Pereira JL. Synthesizing the role of epigenetics in the response and adaptation of species to climate change in freshwater ecosystems. MOLECULAR ECOLOGY. 2018;27(13):2790–806.
MLA
Jeremias, Guilherme, João Barbosa, Sérgio Miguel Marques, et al. “Synthesizing the Role of Epigenetics in the Response and Adaptation of Species to Climate Change in Freshwater Ecosystems.” MOLECULAR ECOLOGY 27.13 (2018): 2790–2806. Print.
@article{8563532,
  abstract     = {Freshwater ecosystems are amongst the most threatened ecosystems on Earth. Currently, climate change is one of the most important drivers of freshwater transformation and its effects include changes in the composition, biodiversity and functioning of freshwater ecosystems. Understanding the capacity of freshwater species to tolerate the environmental fluctuations induced by climate change is critical to the development of effective conservation strategies. In the last few years, epigenetic mechanisms were increasingly put forward in this context because of their pivotal role in gene-environment interactions. In addition, the evolutionary role of epigenetically inherited phenotypes is a relatively recent but promising field. Here, we examine and synthesize the impacts of climate change on freshwater ecosystems, exploring the potential role of epigenetic mechanisms in both short- and long-term adaptation of species. Following this wrapping-up of current evidence, we particularly focused on bringing together the most promising future research avenues towards a better understanding of the effects of climate change on freshwater biodiversity, specifically highlighting potential molecular targets and the most suitable freshwater species for future epigenetic studies in this context.},
  author       = {Jeremias, Guilherme and Barbosa, Jo{\~a}o and Marques, S{\'e}rgio Miguel and Asselman, Jana and Gon\c{c}alves, Fernando JM and Pereira, Joana Lu{\'i}sa},
  issn         = {0962-1083},
  journal      = {MOLECULAR ECOLOGY},
  keyword      = {adaptation,climate change,epigenetic mechanisms,freshwater biodiversity,phenotype,transgenerational epigenetic inheritance,DNA METHYLATION PATTERNS,DAPHNIA-MAGNA,LIFE-HISTORY,PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY,ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA,CYTOSINE METHYLATION,MULTIPLE STRESSORS,MARBLED CRAYFISH,GENETIC EROSION,NONCODING RNAS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {13},
  pages        = {2790--2806},
  title        = {Synthesizing the role of epigenetics in the response and adaptation of species to climate change in freshwater ecosystems},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mec.14727},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {2018},
}

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