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Film analysis as annotation : exploring current tools and their affordances

Eva Hielscher UGent, Liliana Melgar, Marijn Koolen, Christian Olesen, Julia Noordegraaf and Jaap Blom (2017) THE MOVING IMAGE : THE JOURNAL OF THE ASSOCIATION OF MOVING IMAGE ARCHIVISTS. 17(2). p.40-70
abstract
This article describes a study of the affordances of a group of information systems (so-called “tools”) that make it possible to do computer-mediated film analyses. Film scholars have started using these tools to annotate and analyze digital film in various ways, yet not much is presently known about the implications of using these computational tools for film scholarship. The authors argue that it is important that scholars discover and use these tools to understand and critically discuss how the systems influence the process of analysis and its results. These systems, which are created and used by different groups of media-related professionals and scholars from different disciplines, include, among others: professional video annotation tools, and computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software (QDA). This study presents: (1) an inventory of the different types of existing tools, (2) a use case, where the authors tested these tools in a small film analysis project (specifically, the authors evaluated the tools ELAN and NVivo for the analysis of an excerpt of the silent semidocumentary film People on Sunday), and (3) a preliminary evaluation of the implications of using these tools for film analysis, to better understand and critically discuss their methodological impact in film and media studies. The authors found that, at this stage, the most significant methodological impact is the option of making the analytic procedures more explicit. Consequently, the tools ask users to conceptualize more precisely the methods they employ. While this capability might be disparaged as the “scientification” of a scholarly practice, we argue that the new digital tools encourage more self-reflection about scholarly work and multiply the levels of communication possible with peers, both informally and through scholarly publication.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
film analysis, digital video annotation, film studies, digital humanities
journal title
THE MOVING IMAGE : THE JOURNAL OF THE ASSOCIATION OF MOVING IMAGE ARCHIVISTS
The Moving Image
volume
17
issue
2
issue title
Digital Humanities and/in Film Archives
pages
40 - 70
ISSN
1542-4235
ISBN
978-1-5179-0514-9
DOI
10.5749/movingimage.17.2.0040
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A2
copyright statement
I don't know the status of the copyright for this publication
id
8563456
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8563456
date created
2018-05-29 16:04:41
date last changed
2018-07-10 07:17:55
@article{8563456,
  abstract     = {This article describes a study of the affordances of a group of information systems (so-called {\textquotedblleft}tools{\textquotedblright}) that make it possible to do computer-mediated film analyses. Film scholars have started using these tools to annotate and analyze digital film in various ways, yet not much is presently known about the implications of using these computational tools for film scholarship. The authors argue that it is important that scholars discover and use these tools to understand and critically discuss how the systems influence the process of analysis and its results. These systems, which are created and used by different groups of media-related professionals and scholars from different disciplines, include, among others: professional video annotation tools, and computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software (QDA). This study presents: (1) an inventory of the different types of existing tools, (2) a use case, where the authors tested these tools in a small film analysis project (specifically, the authors evaluated the tools ELAN and NVivo for the analysis of an excerpt of the silent semidocumentary film People on Sunday), and (3) a preliminary evaluation of the implications of using these tools for film analysis, to better understand and critically discuss their methodological impact in film and media studies. The authors found that, at this stage, the most significant methodological impact is the option of making the analytic procedures more explicit. Consequently, the tools ask users to conceptualize more precisely the methods they employ. While this capability might be disparaged as the {\textquotedblleft}scientification{\textquotedblright} of a scholarly practice, we argue that the new digital tools encourage more self-reflection about scholarly work and multiply the levels of communication possible with peers, both informally and through scholarly publication.},
  author       = {Hielscher, Eva and Melgar, Liliana and Koolen, Marijn and Olesen, Christian and Noordegraaf, Julia and Blom, Jaap},
  isbn         = {978-1-5179-0514-9},
  issn         = {1542-4235},
  journal      = {THE MOVING IMAGE : THE JOURNAL OF THE ASSOCIATION OF MOVING IMAGE ARCHIVISTS},
  keyword      = {film analysis,digital video annotation,film studies,digital humanities},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {40--70},
  title        = {Film analysis as annotation : exploring current tools and their affordances},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5749/movingimage.17.2.0040},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2017},
}

Chicago
Hielscher, Eva, Liliana Melgar, Marijn Koolen, Christian Olesen, Julia Noordegraaf, and Jaap Blom. 2017. “Film Analysis as Annotation : Exploring Current Tools and Their Affordances.” The Moving Image : the Journal of the Association of Moving Image Archivists 17 (2): 40–70.
APA
Hielscher, E., Melgar, L., Koolen, M., Olesen, C., Noordegraaf, J., & Blom, J. (2017). Film analysis as annotation : exploring current tools and their affordances. THE MOVING IMAGE : THE JOURNAL OF THE ASSOCIATION OF MOVING IMAGE ARCHIVISTS, 17(2), 40–70.
Vancouver
1.
Hielscher E, Melgar L, Koolen M, Olesen C, Noordegraaf J, Blom J. Film analysis as annotation : exploring current tools and their affordances. THE MOVING IMAGE : THE JOURNAL OF THE ASSOCIATION OF MOVING IMAGE ARCHIVISTS. 2017;17(2):40–70.
MLA
Hielscher, Eva, Liliana Melgar, Marijn Koolen, et al. “Film Analysis as Annotation : Exploring Current Tools and Their Affordances.” THE MOVING IMAGE : THE JOURNAL OF THE ASSOCIATION OF MOVING IMAGE ARCHIVISTS 17.2 (2017): 40–70. Print.