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Modeling brain dynamics in brain tumor patients using the virtual brain

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HPC-UGent: the central High Performance Computing infrastructure of Ghent University
Abstract
Presurgical planning for brain tumor resection aims at delineating eloquent tissue in the vicinity of the lesion to spare during surgery. To this end, non-invasive neuroimaging techniques such as functional MRI and diffusion weighted imaging fiber tracking are currently employed. However, taking into account this information is often still insufficient, as the complex non-linear dynamics of the brain impede straightforward prediction of functional outcome after surgical intervention. Large-scale brain network modeling carries the potential to bridge this gap by integrating neuroimaging data with biophysically based models to predict collective brain dynamics. As a first step in this direction, an appropriate computational model has to be selected, after which suitable model parameter values have to be determined. To this end, we simulated large-scale brain dynamics in 25 brain tumor patients and 11 control subjects using The Virtual Brain, an open-source neuroinformatics platform. Local and global model parameters of the Reduced Wong-Wang model were individually optimized and compared between brain tumor patients and control subjects. In addition, the relationship between model parameters and structural network topology and cognitive performance was assessed. Results showed (1) significantly improved prediction accuracy of individual functional connectivity when using individually optimized model parameters; (2) local model parameters can differentiate between regions directly affected by a tumor, regions distant from a tumor, and regions in a healthy brain; and (3) interesting associations between individually optimized model parameters and structural network topology and cognitive performance.
Keywords
brain tumor, brain connectivity, computational modeling

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Aerts, Hannelore, Michael Schirner, Ben Jeurissen, Dirk Van Roost, Eric Achten, Petra Ritter, and Daniele Marinazzo. 2018. “Modeling Brain Dynamics in Brain Tumor Patients Using the Virtual Brain.” Eneuro.
APA
Aerts, H., Schirner, M., Jeurissen, B., Van Roost, D., Achten, E., Ritter, P., & Marinazzo, D. (2018). Modeling brain dynamics in brain tumor patients using the virtual brain. ENEURO.
Vancouver
1.
Aerts H, Schirner M, Jeurissen B, Van Roost D, Achten E, Ritter P, et al. Modeling brain dynamics in brain tumor patients using the virtual brain. ENEURO. Society for Neuroscience; 2018;
MLA
Aerts, Hannelore, Michael Schirner, Ben Jeurissen, et al. “Modeling Brain Dynamics in Brain Tumor Patients Using the Virtual Brain.” ENEURO (2018): n. pag. Print.
@article{8563413,
  abstract     = {Presurgical planning for brain tumor resection aims at delineating eloquent tissue in the vicinity of the lesion to spare during surgery. To this end, non-invasive neuroimaging techniques such as functional MRI and diffusion weighted imaging fiber tracking are currently employed. However, taking into account this information is often still insufficient, as the complex non-linear dynamics of the brain impede straightforward prediction of functional outcome after surgical intervention. Large-scale brain network modeling carries the potential to bridge this gap by integrating neuroimaging data with biophysically based models to predict collective brain dynamics. As a first step in this direction, an appropriate computational model has to be selected, after which suitable model parameter values have to be determined. To this end, we simulated large-scale brain dynamics in 25 brain tumor patients and 11 control subjects using The Virtual Brain, an open-source neuroinformatics platform. Local and global model parameters of the Reduced Wong-Wang model were individually optimized and compared between brain tumor patients and control subjects. In addition, the relationship between model parameters and structural network topology and cognitive performance was assessed. Results showed (1) significantly improved prediction accuracy of individual functional connectivity when using individually optimized model parameters; (2) local model parameters can differentiate between regions directly affected by a tumor, regions distant from a tumor, and regions in a healthy brain; and (3) interesting associations between individually optimized model parameters and structural network topology and cognitive performance.},
  author       = {Aerts, Hannelore and Schirner, Michael and Jeurissen, Ben and Van Roost, Dirk and Achten, Eric and Ritter, Petra and Marinazzo, Daniele},
  issn         = {2373-2822},
  journal      = {ENEURO},
  keyword      = {brain tumor,brain connectivity,computational modeling},
  publisher    = {Society for Neuroscience},
  title        = {Modeling brain dynamics in brain tumor patients using the virtual brain},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/eneuro.0083-18.2018},
  year         = {2018},
}

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