Advanced search
1 file | 768.14 KB

Psychological functioning in adolescents referred to specialist gender identity clinics across Europe : a clinical comparison study between four clinics

Author
Organization
Abstract
Adolescents seeking professional help with their gender identity development often present with psychological difficulties. Existing literature on psychological functioning of gender diverse young people is limited and mostly bound to national chart reviews. This study examined the prevalence of psychological functioning and peer relationship problems in adolescents across four European specialist gender services (The Netherlands, Belgium, the UK, and Switzerland), using the Child Behavioural Checklist (CBCL) and the Youth Self-Report (YSR). Differences in psychological functioning and peer relationships were found in gender diverse adolescents across Europe. Overall, emotional and behavioural problems and peer relationship problems were most prevalent in adolescents from the UK, followed by Switzerland and Belgium. The least behavioural and emotional problems and peer relationship problems were reported by adolescents from The Netherlands. Across the four clinics, a similar pattern of gender differences was found. Birth-assigned girls showed more behavioural problems and externalising problems in the clinical range, as reported by their parents. According to self-report, internalising problems in the clinical range were more prevalent in adolescent birth-assigned boys. More research is needed to gain a better understanding of the difference in clinical presentations in gender diverse adolescents and to investigate what contextual factors that may contribute to this.
Keywords
Gender identity, Gender diverse adolescents, Psychological functioning, Behavioural problems, Peer relations, EMOTIONAL-PROBLEMS, TRANSGENDER YOUTH, BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS, MENTAL-HEALTH, SUICIDE RISK, YOUNG-PEOPLE, DYSPHORIA, CHILDREN, DISORDER, VICTIMIZATION

Downloads

  • 10.1007 s00787-017-1098-4.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 768.14 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
de Graaf, Nastasja M, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Polly Carmichael, Annelou LC de Vries, Karlien Dhondt, Jolien Laridaen, Dagmar Pauli, Juliane Ball, and Thomas D Steensma. 2018. “Psychological Functioning in Adolescents Referred to Specialist Gender Identity Clinics Across Europe : a Clinical Comparison Study Between Four Clinics.” European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 27 (7): 909–919.
APA
de Graaf, N. M., Cohen-Kettenis, P. T., Carmichael, P., de Vries, A. L., Dhondt, K., Laridaen, J., Pauli, D., et al. (2018). Psychological functioning in adolescents referred to specialist gender identity clinics across Europe : a clinical comparison study between four clinics. EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY, 27(7), 909–919.
Vancouver
1.
de Graaf NM, Cohen-Kettenis PT, Carmichael P, de Vries AL, Dhondt K, Laridaen J, et al. Psychological functioning in adolescents referred to specialist gender identity clinics across Europe : a clinical comparison study between four clinics. EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY. 2018;27(7):909–19.
MLA
de Graaf, Nastasja M, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Polly Carmichael, et al. “Psychological Functioning in Adolescents Referred to Specialist Gender Identity Clinics Across Europe : a Clinical Comparison Study Between Four Clinics.” EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY 27.7 (2018): 909–919. Print.
@article{8563076,
  abstract     = {Adolescents seeking professional help with their gender identity development often present with psychological difficulties. Existing literature on psychological functioning of gender diverse young people is limited and mostly bound to national chart reviews. This study examined the prevalence of psychological functioning and peer relationship problems in adolescents across four European specialist gender services (The Netherlands, Belgium, the UK, and Switzerland), using the Child Behavioural Checklist (CBCL) and the Youth Self-Report (YSR). Differences in psychological functioning and peer relationships were found in gender diverse adolescents across Europe. Overall, emotional and behavioural problems and peer relationship problems were most prevalent in adolescents from the UK, followed by Switzerland and Belgium. The least behavioural and emotional problems and peer relationship problems were reported by adolescents from The Netherlands. Across the four clinics, a similar pattern of gender differences was found. Birth-assigned girls showed more behavioural problems and externalising problems in the clinical range, as reported by their parents. According to self-report, internalising problems in the clinical range were more prevalent in adolescent birth-assigned boys. More research is needed to gain a better understanding of the difference in clinical presentations in gender diverse adolescents and to investigate what contextual factors that may contribute to this.},
  author       = {de Graaf, Nastasja M and Cohen-Kettenis, Peggy T and Carmichael, Polly and de Vries, Annelou LC and Dhondt, Karlien and Laridaen, Jolien and Pauli, Dagmar and Ball, Juliane and Steensma, Thomas D},
  issn         = {1018-8827},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN CHILD \& ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY},
  keyword      = {Gender identity,Gender diverse adolescents,Psychological functioning,Behavioural problems,Peer relations,EMOTIONAL-PROBLEMS,TRANSGENDER YOUTH,BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS,MENTAL-HEALTH,SUICIDE RISK,YOUNG-PEOPLE,DYSPHORIA,CHILDREN,DISORDER,VICTIMIZATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {909--919},
  title        = {Psychological functioning in adolescents referred to specialist gender identity clinics across Europe : a clinical comparison study between four clinics},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-017-1098-4},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {2018},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: