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Anaerobic treatment of blended sugar industry and ethanol distillery wastewater through biphasic high rate reactor

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Abstract
This study aimed to investigate the physicochemical properties of sugar industry and ethanol distillery wastewater and the treatment of the blended wastewater through a two-stage anaerobic reactor. For this treatment, different initial chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentrations (5-20g/L) and hydraulic retention times (HRTs) (2-10days) were applied. The sugar industry effluent characteristics obtained in terms of organic matter (mg/L) were as follows: 5days biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5): 654.5-1,968; COD: 1,100-2,148.9; total solids (TS): 2,467-4,012mg/L; and pH: 6.93-8.43. The ethanol distillery spent wash strengths obtained were: BOD5: 27,600-42,921mg/L; COD: 126,000-167,534mg/L; TS: 140,160-170,000mg/L; and pH: 3.9-4.2. Maximum COD removal of 65% was obtained at optimum condition (initial COD concentration of 10g/L and HRT of 10days), and maximum color removal of 79% was recorded under similar treatment conditions. Hence, the performance of the two-stage anaerobic reactor for simultaneous removal of COD and color from high-strength blended wastewater is promising for scaling up in order to mitigate environmental problems of untreated effluent discharge.
Keywords
Wastewater, treatment, anaerobic reactor, chemical oxygen demand, organic matter, color, sugar industry, ethanol distillery, FIXED-FILM BIOREACTOR, BAGASSE FLY-ASH, SPENT WASH, KINETICS, EFFLUENT, SLUDGE

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Chicago
Fito, Jemal, Nurelegne Tefera, Helmut Kloos, and Stijn Van Hulle. 2018. “Anaerobic Treatment of Blended Sugar Industry and Ethanol Distillery Wastewater Through Biphasic High Rate Reactor.” Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A-toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 53 (7): 676–685.
APA
Fito, J., Tefera, N., Kloos, H., & Van Hulle, S. (2018). Anaerobic treatment of blended sugar industry and ethanol distillery wastewater through biphasic high rate reactor. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART A-TOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, 53(7), 676–685.
Vancouver
1.
Fito J, Tefera N, Kloos H, Van Hulle S. Anaerobic treatment of blended sugar industry and ethanol distillery wastewater through biphasic high rate reactor. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART A-TOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING. 2018;53(7):676–85.
MLA
Fito, Jemal, Nurelegne Tefera, Helmut Kloos, et al. “Anaerobic Treatment of Blended Sugar Industry and Ethanol Distillery Wastewater Through Biphasic High Rate Reactor.” JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART A-TOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING 53.7 (2018): 676–685. Print.
@article{8563023,
  abstract     = {This study aimed to investigate the physicochemical properties of sugar industry and ethanol distillery wastewater and the treatment of the blended wastewater through a two-stage anaerobic reactor. For this treatment, different initial chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentrations (5-20g/L) and hydraulic retention times (HRTs) (2-10days) were applied. The sugar industry effluent characteristics obtained in terms of organic matter (mg/L) were as follows: 5days biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5): 654.5-1,968; COD: 1,100-2,148.9; total solids (TS): 2,467-4,012mg/L; and pH: 6.93-8.43. The ethanol distillery spent wash strengths obtained were: BOD5: 27,600-42,921mg/L; COD: 126,000-167,534mg/L; TS: 140,160-170,000mg/L; and pH: 3.9-4.2. Maximum COD removal of 65\% was obtained at optimum condition (initial COD concentration of 10g/L and HRT of 10days), and maximum color removal of 79\% was recorded under similar treatment conditions. Hence, the performance of the two-stage anaerobic reactor for simultaneous removal of COD and color from high-strength blended wastewater is promising for scaling up in order to mitigate environmental problems of untreated effluent discharge.},
  author       = {Fito, Jemal and Tefera, Nurelegne and Kloos, Helmut and Van Hulle, Stijn},
  issn         = {1093-4529},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART A-TOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES \& ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {676--685},
  title        = {Anaerobic treatment of blended sugar industry and ethanol distillery wastewater through biphasic high rate reactor},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10934529.2018.1438826},
  volume       = {53},
  year         = {2018},
}

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