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Ultra-trace Cu isotope ratio measurements via multi-collector ICP-mass spectrometry using Ga as internal standard : an approach applicable to micro-samples

Sara Lauwens (UGent) , Marta Costas Rodriguez (UGent) and Frank Vanhaecke (UGent)
(2018) ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA. 1025. p.69-79
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Abstract
The capabilities of Cu isotope ratio measurements are often restricted by the small volumes of sample available and/or their low Cu concentration. In this work, an analytical approach was developed for performing Cu isotopic analysis via multi-collector ICP-mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) at ultra-trace level using Ga as an internal standard for mass bias correction. The minimum concentration of Cu required for accurate and precise isotope ratio measurements was established to be 20 mu g L-1 with wet plasma conditions and 5 mu g L-1 with dry plasma conditions. The use of Ga as an internal standard for mass bias correction provided several advantages compared to Ni, i.e. improved internal precision on delta Cu-65 values and lower blank levels. Ga can also be used at a 4- fold lower concentration level than Ni. However, in wet plasma conditions, the signals of (ArO2H+)-Ar-36-O-16-H-1 and (ArNO+)-Ar-40-N-15-O-16 interfered with the signals of Ga-69(+) and Ga-71(+), respectively, while in dry plasma conditions, realized by the use of a desolvation unit, Ga-69(+) suffered from spectral interference from (ArN2H+)-Ar-40-N-14-H-1. These interferences were resolved by using medium mass resolution. For validation purposes, the approach was applied to commercially available blood and serum samples. The delta Cu-65 values for the samples measured at a concentration level of 5 mu g L-1 Cu and 5 mu g L-1 Ga using dry plasma conditions were in good agreement with those obtained for isotope ratio measurements at the "standard" concentration level of 200 mu g L-1 Cu and 200 mu g L-1 Ni using wet plasma conditions. In addition, the delta Cu-65 values obtained for micro-samples of serum/blood (volume of 100 mu L) were in good agreement with the corresponding ones obtained using the "standard" volume for isotopic analysis (500 mu L).
Keywords
MC-ICP-MS, Copper, Gallium, Isotope ratio, Interferences, Micro-samples, HIGH-PRECISION, BLOOD-SERUM, SPECTRAL INTERFERENCES, IRON-METEORITES, NANOGRAM LEVELS, DEAD-TIME, MC-ICPMS, MS, ZN, FRACTIONATION

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Chicago
Lauwens, Sara, Marta Costas Rodriguez, and Frank Vanhaecke. 2018. “Ultra-trace Cu Isotope Ratio Measurements via Multi-collector ICP-mass Spectrometry Using Ga as Internal Standard : an Approach Applicable to Micro-samples.” Analytica Chimica Acta 1025: 69–79.
APA
Lauwens, S., Costas Rodriguez, M., & Vanhaecke, F. (2018). Ultra-trace Cu isotope ratio measurements via multi-collector ICP-mass spectrometry using Ga as internal standard : an approach applicable to micro-samples. ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA, 1025, 69–79.
Vancouver
1.
Lauwens S, Costas Rodriguez M, Vanhaecke F. Ultra-trace Cu isotope ratio measurements via multi-collector ICP-mass spectrometry using Ga as internal standard : an approach applicable to micro-samples. ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA. 2018;1025:69–79.
MLA
Lauwens, Sara, Marta Costas Rodriguez, and Frank Vanhaecke. “Ultra-trace Cu Isotope Ratio Measurements via Multi-collector ICP-mass Spectrometry Using Ga as Internal Standard : an Approach Applicable to Micro-samples.” ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA 1025 (2018): 69–79. Print.
@article{8562899,
  abstract     = {The capabilities of Cu isotope ratio measurements are often restricted by the small volumes of sample available and/or their low Cu concentration. In this work, an analytical approach was developed for performing Cu isotopic analysis via multi-collector ICP-mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) at ultra-trace level using Ga as an internal standard for mass bias correction. The minimum concentration of Cu required for accurate and precise isotope ratio measurements was established to be 20 mu g L-1 with wet plasma conditions and 5 mu g L-1 with dry plasma conditions. The use of Ga as an internal standard for mass bias correction provided several advantages compared to Ni, i.e. improved internal precision on delta Cu-65 values and lower blank levels. Ga can also be used at a 4- fold lower concentration level than Ni. However, in wet plasma conditions, the signals of (ArO2H+)-Ar-36-O-16-H-1 and (ArNO+)-Ar-40-N-15-O-16 interfered with the signals of Ga-69(+) and Ga-71(+), respectively, while in dry plasma conditions, realized by the use of a desolvation unit, Ga-69(+) suffered from spectral interference from (ArN2H+)-Ar-40-N-14-H-1. These interferences were resolved by using medium mass resolution. For validation purposes, the approach was applied to commercially available blood and serum samples. The delta Cu-65 values for the samples measured at a concentration level of 5 mu g L-1 Cu and 5 mu g L-1 Ga using dry plasma conditions were in good agreement with those obtained for isotope ratio measurements at the {\textacutedbl}standard{\textacutedbl} concentration level of 200 mu g L-1 Cu and 200 mu g L-1 Ni using wet plasma conditions. In addition, the delta Cu-65 values obtained for micro-samples of serum/blood (volume of 100 mu L) were in good agreement with the corresponding ones obtained using the {\textacutedbl}standard{\textacutedbl} volume for isotopic analysis (500 mu L).},
  author       = {Lauwens, Sara and Costas Rodriguez, Marta and Vanhaecke, Frank},
  issn         = {0003-2670},
  journal      = {ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {69--79},
  title        = {Ultra-trace Cu isotope ratio measurements via multi-collector ICP-mass spectrometry using Ga as internal standard : an approach applicable to micro-samples},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2018.05.025},
  volume       = {1025},
  year         = {2018},
}

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