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Potential health risks via consumption of six edible shellfish species collected from Piura - Peru

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Abstract
Scallops and their potential predators were collected in Sechura Bay and in front of the Illescas Reserved Zone (north Peru), during El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) 2016, and analyzed for the metals chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb). This study showed that similar to 20% of the molluscs exceeded the maximum residual levels (MRLs) for human consumption in inorganic As, while similar to 30% of the crustaceans did. For Cd, around 10% and 40% of the molluscs and the crustaceans were above the MRLs, respectively. The cephalopod Octopus mimus exhibited As concentrations, but not Cd concentrations, that exceeded the MRLs. Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn and Pb in muscle exhibited generally concentrations below the MRLs. Integrated risk indices were estimated to determine if there is a health risk for consumption. Target hazard quotients (THQs) and total hazard indices (HIs) were mostly < 1, implying no human health risk. Provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) for Cd was exceeded in Bursa ventricosa at Illescas Reserved Zone. Target cancer risks (TRs) for inorganic As were always higher than the threshold (1 x 10(-6)), therefore an actual cancer risk is present.
Keywords
Argopecten purpuratus, Trace metal, Predator, Health risk, Piura, SCALLOP CHLAMYS-VARIA, METAL CONCENTRATIONS, HEAVY-METALS, RIVER PLUME, COAST, CD, BAY, BIOACCUMULATION, ACCUMULATION, SEAFOOD

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MLA
Loaiza Alamo, Iván, Marleen De Troch, and G De Boeck. “Potential Health Risks via Consumption of Six Edible Shellfish Species Collected from Piura - Peru.” ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY 159 (2018): 249–260. Print.
APA
Loaiza Alamo, I., De Troch, M., & De Boeck, G. (2018). Potential health risks via consumption of six edible shellfish species collected from Piura - Peru. ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY, 159, 249–260.
Chicago author-date
Loaiza Alamo, Iván, Marleen De Troch, and G De Boeck. 2018. “Potential Health Risks via Consumption of Six Edible Shellfish Species Collected from Piura - Peru.” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 159: 249–260.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Loaiza Alamo, Iván, Marleen De Troch, and G De Boeck. 2018. “Potential Health Risks via Consumption of Six Edible Shellfish Species Collected from Piura - Peru.” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 159: 249–260.
Vancouver
1.
Loaiza Alamo I, De Troch M, De Boeck G. Potential health risks via consumption of six edible shellfish species collected from Piura - Peru. ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY. 2018;159:249–60.
IEEE
[1]
I. Loaiza Alamo, M. De Troch, and G. De Boeck, “Potential health risks via consumption of six edible shellfish species collected from Piura - Peru,” ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY, vol. 159, pp. 249–260, 2018.
@article{8562444,
  abstract     = {Scallops and their potential predators were collected in Sechura Bay and in front of the Illescas Reserved Zone (north Peru), during El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) 2016, and analyzed for the metals chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb). This study showed that similar to 20% of the molluscs exceeded the maximum residual levels (MRLs) for human consumption in inorganic As, while similar to 30% of the crustaceans did. For Cd, around 10% and 40% of the molluscs and the crustaceans were above the MRLs, respectively. The cephalopod Octopus mimus exhibited As concentrations, but not Cd concentrations, that exceeded the MRLs. Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn and Pb in muscle exhibited generally concentrations below the MRLs. Integrated risk indices were estimated to determine if there is a health risk for consumption. Target hazard quotients (THQs) and total hazard indices (HIs) were mostly < 1, implying no human health risk. Provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) for Cd was exceeded in Bursa ventricosa at Illescas Reserved Zone. Target cancer risks (TRs) for inorganic As were always higher than the threshold (1 x 10(-6)), therefore an actual cancer risk is present.},
  author       = {Loaiza Alamo, Iván and De Troch, Marleen and De Boeck, G},
  issn         = {0147-6513},
  journal      = {ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY},
  keywords     = {Argopecten purpuratus,Trace metal,Predator,Health risk,Piura,SCALLOP CHLAMYS-VARIA,METAL CONCENTRATIONS,HEAVY-METALS,RIVER PLUME,COAST,CD,BAY,BIOACCUMULATION,ACCUMULATION,SEAFOOD},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {249--260},
  title        = {Potential health risks via consumption of six edible shellfish species collected from Piura - Peru},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.05.005},
  volume       = {159},
  year         = {2018},
}

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