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Lifestyle behaviour and risk factor control in coronary patients : Belgian results from the cross-sectional EUROASPIRE surveys

(2019) ACTA CARDIOLOGICA. 74(1). p.21-27
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Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess lifestyle behaviour as well as risk factor management across Belgian coronary patients who participated in the cross-sectional European Action on Secondary Prevention through Intervention to Reduce Events (EUROASPIRE) surveys. Methods: Analyses are based on a series of coronary patients by combining data from the Belgian participants in the EUROASPIRE III (328 patients; in 2006-2007) and EUROASPIRE IV (343 patients; in 2012-2013) surveys. Four hospitals located in the Ghent area participated in the surveys. Patients included in the analyses were >= 18 years old and had been hospitalised for a coronary event. Information on cardiovascular risk factors, lifestyle behaviour and medical treatment were obtained. Results: Overall, the proportion of smokers was 11% with 40% persistent smokers. Adequate physical activity levels were reported by 17%, 28% of patients were obese, 47% was central obese and known diabetes was prevalent in 21% of patients. Hypertension was observed in 46% of patients and 20% had a total cholesterol >= 5 mmol/L. About 80% had participated in a cardiac rehabilitation programme and the majority of patients were treated with blood pressure (92%) or lipid-lowering drugs (92%). Anxiety and depressive symptoms were reported by 30% and 24%, respectively. Differences between EUROASPIRE III and IV were limited. Conclusions: Compared to the overall EUROASPIRE results in Europe, Belgian CHD patients seem to do slightly better. However, tackling obesity, physical inactivity, hypertension and psychosocial distress remains an important challenge in the management of coronary patients.
Keywords
Coronary heart disease, secondary prevention, EUROASPIRE survey, CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE PREVENTION, HEART-DISEASE, EUROPEAN GUIDELINES, CLINICAL-PRACTICE, TASK-FORCE, DEPRESSION, METAANALYSIS, PREVALENCE, CARDIOLOGY, DISORDERS

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MLA
De Smedt, Delphine, et al. “Lifestyle Behaviour and Risk Factor Control in Coronary Patients : Belgian Results from the Cross-Sectional EUROASPIRE Surveys.” ACTA CARDIOLOGICA, vol. 74, no. 1, 2019, pp. 21–27.
APA
De Smedt, D., De Sutter, J., De Pauw, M., Vandekerckhove, H., Trouerbach, J., De Backer, G., … De Bacquer, D. (2019). Lifestyle behaviour and risk factor control in coronary patients : Belgian results from the cross-sectional EUROASPIRE surveys. ACTA CARDIOLOGICA, 74(1), 21–27.
Chicago author-date
De Smedt, Delphine, Johan De Sutter, Michel De Pauw, Hans Vandekerckhove, Jan Trouerbach, Gui De Backer, Anne-Marie Willems, et al. 2019. “Lifestyle Behaviour and Risk Factor Control in Coronary Patients : Belgian Results from the Cross-Sectional EUROASPIRE Surveys.” ACTA CARDIOLOGICA 74 (1): 21–27.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Smedt, Delphine, Johan De Sutter, Michel De Pauw, Hans Vandekerckhove, Jan Trouerbach, Gui De Backer, Anne-Marie Willems, Sofie Pardaens, Pieter Vervaet, Nancy Deweerdt, and Dirk De Bacquer. 2019. “Lifestyle Behaviour and Risk Factor Control in Coronary Patients : Belgian Results from the Cross-Sectional EUROASPIRE Surveys.” ACTA CARDIOLOGICA 74 (1): 21–27.
Vancouver
1.
De Smedt D, De Sutter J, De Pauw M, Vandekerckhove H, Trouerbach J, De Backer G, et al. Lifestyle behaviour and risk factor control in coronary patients : Belgian results from the cross-sectional EUROASPIRE surveys. ACTA CARDIOLOGICA. 2019;74(1):21–7.
IEEE
[1]
D. De Smedt et al., “Lifestyle behaviour and risk factor control in coronary patients : Belgian results from the cross-sectional EUROASPIRE surveys,” ACTA CARDIOLOGICA, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 21–27, 2019.
@article{8562400,
  abstract     = {Objective: The aim of this study was to assess lifestyle behaviour as well as risk factor management across Belgian coronary patients who participated in the cross-sectional European Action on Secondary Prevention through Intervention to Reduce Events (EUROASPIRE) surveys.
Methods: Analyses are based on a series of coronary patients by combining data from the Belgian participants in the EUROASPIRE III (328 patients; in 2006-2007) and EUROASPIRE IV (343 patients; in 2012-2013) surveys. Four hospitals located in the Ghent area participated in the surveys. Patients included in the analyses were >= 18 years old and had been hospitalised for a coronary event. Information on cardiovascular risk factors, lifestyle behaviour and medical treatment were obtained.
Results: Overall, the proportion of smokers was 11% with 40% persistent smokers. Adequate physical activity levels were reported by 17%, 28% of patients were obese, 47% was central obese and known diabetes was prevalent in 21% of patients. Hypertension was observed in 46% of patients and 20% had a total cholesterol >= 5 mmol/L. About 80% had participated in a cardiac rehabilitation programme and the majority of patients were treated with blood pressure (92%) or lipid-lowering drugs (92%). Anxiety and depressive symptoms were reported by 30% and 24%, respectively. Differences between EUROASPIRE III and IV were limited.
Conclusions: Compared to the overall EUROASPIRE results in Europe, Belgian CHD patients seem to do slightly better. However, tackling obesity, physical inactivity, hypertension and psychosocial distress remains an important challenge in the management of coronary patients.},
  author       = {De Smedt, Delphine and De Sutter, Johan and De Pauw, Michel and Vandekerckhove, Hans and Trouerbach, Jan and De Backer, Gui and Willems, Anne-Marie and Pardaens, Sofie and Vervaet, Pieter and Deweerdt, Nancy and De Bacquer, Dirk},
  issn         = {0001-5385},
  journal      = {ACTA CARDIOLOGICA},
  keywords     = {Coronary heart disease,secondary prevention,EUROASPIRE survey,CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE PREVENTION,HEART-DISEASE,EUROPEAN GUIDELINES,CLINICAL-PRACTICE,TASK-FORCE,DEPRESSION,METAANALYSIS,PREVALENCE,CARDIOLOGY,DISORDERS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {21--27},
  title        = {Lifestyle behaviour and risk factor control in coronary patients : Belgian results from the cross-sectional EUROASPIRE surveys},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00015385.2018.1438092},
  volume       = {74},
  year         = {2019},
}

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