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Integration of complementary archaeological prospection data from a Late Iron Age settlement at Vesterager-Denmark

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Abstract
The complementary use of various archaeological prospection data sets offers a series of new possibilities for the investigation of prehistoric settlements. In addition to the separate interpretations of the single methods, the implementation of image fusion provides an additional tool to obtain an even higher degree of data integration during the interpretation process. To investigate some possibilities and risks of image fusion, a procedure frequently used in the medical field but rarely applied in archaeology, various algorithms inside a dedicated MATLAB toolbox TAIFU (Toolbox for Archaeological Image FUsion) were tested on the geophysical prospection data from an Iron Age settlement near Vesterager in West Jutland, Denmark. The Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archaeology had conducted large-scale, high-resolution ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and magnetometry surveys at the site in 2014, based on its discovery by the Ringkøbing Museum through aerial photos and the results of a follow-up excavation in 2009. The aim was to determine if, and to what extent, geophysical prospection together with a novel integrative interpretational approach was able to add more detailed information to an already known prehistoric settlement. Results yielded a variety of deeper insights into the separate farms (dated to around AD 400), including the discovery of several new structures and more information about the construction of the longhouses, as well as a first suggestion on how to implement image fusion into the process of analysis and archaeological interpretation of geophysical data sets.
Keywords
Aerial archaeology, Aerial photography, Airborne remote sensing, Archaeological prospection, Archaeological survey, Data fusion, Denmark, Geophysical prospection, GPR (Ground-Penetrating Radar), Image fusion, Iron Age, Magnetic prospection, Prehistory, Remote sensing, TAIFU, Vesterager

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Chicago
Filzwieser, Roland, Lis Helles Olesen, Geert Verhoeven, Esben Schlosser Mauritsen, Wolfgang Neubauer, Immo Trinks, Milena Nowak, et al. 2018. “Integration of Complementary Archaeological Prospection Data from a Late Iron Age Settlement at Vesterager-Denmark.” Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 25 (2): 313–333.
APA
Filzwieser, R., Olesen, L. H., Verhoeven, G., Mauritsen, E. S., Neubauer, W., Trinks, I., Nowak, M., et al. (2018). Integration of complementary archaeological prospection data from a Late Iron Age settlement at Vesterager-Denmark. JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHOD AND THEORY, 25(2), 313–333.
Vancouver
1.
Filzwieser R, Olesen LH, Verhoeven G, Mauritsen ES, Neubauer W, Trinks I, et al. Integration of complementary archaeological prospection data from a Late Iron Age settlement at Vesterager-Denmark. JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHOD AND THEORY. Springer Nature; 2018;25(2):313–33.
MLA
Filzwieser, Roland, Lis Helles Olesen, Geert Verhoeven, et al. “Integration of Complementary Archaeological Prospection Data from a Late Iron Age Settlement at Vesterager-Denmark.” JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHOD AND THEORY 25.2 (2018): 313–333. Print.
@article{8562366,
  abstract     = {The complementary use of various archaeological prospection data sets offers a series of new possibilities for the investigation of prehistoric settlements. In addition to the separate interpretations of the single methods, the implementation of image fusion provides an additional tool to obtain an even higher degree of data integration during the interpretation process. To investigate some possibilities and risks of image fusion, a procedure frequently used in the medical field but rarely applied in archaeology, various algorithms inside a dedicated MATLAB toolbox TAIFU (Toolbox for Archaeological Image FUsion) were tested on the geophysical prospection data from an Iron Age settlement near Vesterager in West Jutland, Denmark. The Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archaeology had conducted large-scale, high-resolution ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and magnetometry surveys at the site in 2014, based on its discovery by the Ringk{\o}bing Museum through aerial photos and the results of a follow-up excavation in 2009. The aim was to determine if, and to what extent, geophysical prospection together with a novel integrative interpretational approach was able to add more detailed information to an already known prehistoric settlement. Results yielded a variety of deeper insights into the separate farms (dated to around AD 400), including the discovery of several new structures and more information about the construction of the longhouses, as well as a first suggestion on how to implement image fusion into the process of analysis and archaeological interpretation of geophysical data sets.},
  author       = {Filzwieser, Roland and Olesen, Lis Helles and Verhoeven, Geert and Mauritsen, Esben Schlosser and Neubauer, Wolfgang and Trinks, Immo and Nowak, Milena and Nowak, Rebecca and Schneidhofer, Petra and Nau, Erich and Gabler, Manuel},
  issn         = {1072-5369},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHOD AND THEORY},
  keyword      = {Aerial archaeology,Aerial photography,Airborne remote sensing,Archaeological prospection,Archaeological survey,Data fusion,Denmark,Geophysical prospection,GPR (Ground-Penetrating Radar),Image fusion,Iron Age,Magnetic prospection,Prehistory,Remote sensing,TAIFU,Vesterager},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {313--333},
  publisher    = {Springer Nature},
  title        = {Integration of complementary archaeological prospection data from a Late Iron Age settlement at Vesterager-Denmark},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10816-017-9338-y},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2018},
}

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