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Emergence phenomena in German "W-immer/auch"-subordinators

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Abstract
The present study is concerned with the distributional patterns of the irrelevance particles immer ‘ever’ and auch ‘also’ in German universal concessive conditionals and free relatives (e.g. was immer er auch sagt ‘whatever he says’). Whereas irrelevance is conveyed by a single element in a fixed position in languages like English (-ever), immer and auch occur in multiple positions and combinations. Following the example of Leuschner (2000), the distribution of particles and their combinations is documented and explained using functional motivations. Compared with Leuschner (2000), however, the present study is based on a much larger sample of 23,299 clauses with the W-words was and wer (incl. their inflected forms) from the DeReKo-corpus, allowing for a far more detailed statistical analysis. Special attention is devoted to the distribution of immer and auch (including their combinations) in full subordinate clauses vs. elliptically reduced forms, and to the nature of the resulting patterns as a case of emergent grammar.
Keywords
Concessive conditionals, irrelevance, particles, subordinators, emergent grammar, corpus study

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Chicago
Bossuyt, Tom, Ludovic De Cuypere, and Torsten Leuschner. 2018. “Emergence Phenomena in German ‘W-immer/auch’-subordinators.” In Grammar and Corpora 2016, ed. Eric Fuß, Marek Konopka, Beata Trawiński, and Ulrich H. Waßner, 97–120. Heidelberg: Heidelberg University Publishing.
APA
Bossuyt, T., De Cuypere, L., & Leuschner, T. (2018). Emergence phenomena in German “W-immer/auch”-subordinators. In E. Fuß, M. Konopka, B. Trawiński, & U. H. Waßner (Eds.), Grammar and corpora 2016 (pp. 97–120). Presented at the Grammar and Corpora 2016, Heidelberg: Heidelberg University Publishing.
Vancouver
1.
Bossuyt T, De Cuypere L, Leuschner T. Emergence phenomena in German “W-immer/auch”-subordinators. In: Fuß E, Konopka M, Trawiński B, Waßner UH, editors. Grammar and corpora 2016. Heidelberg: Heidelberg University Publishing; 2018. p. 97–120.
MLA
Bossuyt, Tom, Ludovic De Cuypere, and Torsten Leuschner. “Emergence Phenomena in German ‘W-immer/auch’-subordinators.” Grammar and Corpora 2016. Ed. Eric Fuß et al. Heidelberg: Heidelberg University Publishing, 2018. 97–120. Print.
@inproceedings{8562319,
  abstract     = {The present study is concerned with the distributional patterns of
the irrelevance particles immer {\textquoteleft}ever{\textquoteright} and auch {\textquoteleft}also{\textquoteright} in German universal concessive
conditionals and free relatives (e.g. was immer er auch sagt {\textquoteleft}whatever he
says{\textquoteright}). Whereas irrelevance is conveyed by a single element in a fixed position
in languages like English (-ever), immer and auch occur in multiple positions and
combinations. Following the example of Leuschner (2000), the distribution of
particles and their combinations is documented and explained using functional
motivations. Compared with Leuschner (2000), however, the present study is
based on a much larger sample of 23,299 clauses with the W-words was and wer
(incl. their inflected forms) from the DeReKo-corpus, allowing for a far more
detailed statistical analysis. Special attention is devoted to the distribution of
immer and auch (including their combinations) in full subordinate clauses vs.
elliptically reduced forms, and to the nature of the resulting patterns as a case
of emergent grammar.},
  author       = {Bossuyt, Tom and De Cuypere, Ludovic and Leuschner, Torsten},
  booktitle    = {Grammar and corpora 2016},
  editor       = {Fu{\ss}, Eric and Konopka, Marek and Trawi\'{n}ski, Beata and Wa{\ss}ner, Ulrich H.},
  isbn         = {978-3-946054-82-5},
  keyword      = {Concessive conditionals,irrelevance,particles,subordinators,emergent grammar,corpus study},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Mannheim},
  pages        = {97--120},
  publisher    = {Heidelberg University Publishing},
  title        = {Emergence phenomena in German {\textacutedbl}W-immer/auch{\textacutedbl}-subordinators},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.17885/HEIUP.361.509},
  year         = {2018},
}

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